The Friends of Freedmen's Cemetery


Slave Manumissions in Alexandria Land Records, 1790-1863

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The following is a list of manumissions of African-American slaves recorded in the court records for the town and county of Alexandria, 1785 to 1863. Manumissions are records of legal emancipation of slaves. These are drawn principally from the town's deed books. The records for the years 1791 through 1800 are mainly from the Alexandria Hustings Court (which are below cited as "Hust" followed by the deed book letter and page) but also from Fairfax County Deed Books (identified below as "Ffx." followed by the book and page numbers). Those from 1801 to 1863 were recorded in the Alexandria Circuit Court, the court of jurisdiction during and after the period in which Alexandria was a portion of the District of Columbia. (Circuit Court records are indicated below simply by the alphanumeric book designation and page.) A fourth source is the collection of miscellaneous Alexandria (now Arlington) County records held by the Library of Virginia (cited below as "LVA").

These are not the only Alexandria manumission records, of course. Any study of manumissions requires examination of the county's "Free Negro Registers," which have been transcribed and published by Dorothy S. Provine (Alexandria County, Virginia, Free Negro Registers, 1797-1861, Bowie, Maryland, 1991). This book has been referenced herein to supply slave surnames, shown in brackets, when none are given in the original deeds. Will books are another productive source of information, as are court minutes.

The table below consists of six columns. The first contains the date of the manumission instrument (not the date it was recorded by the court). The date is often not the actual date of emancipation, as many of these documents were agreements to release slaves at a fixed date in the future, and some were formalizing releases already made. The second column contains the name of the owner and/or manumitter; the manumission was often granted by heirs or executors of the actual owner. The owner's place of residence is listed only when it is a place other than the town or county of Alexandria. If the owner was known to be a free black (who was usually securing the freedom of a family member), it is indicated. The third column contains the names of the slaves freed, plus the price of their freedom, where available (unless the price or consideration was a token amount-such as five shillings or one, five, or ten dollars or Virginia pounds). The fourth column contains remarks about the ages, descriptions, origins, relationships, former owners, or circumstances of the release of the slaves. All ages, except perhaps those giving exact birthdates, are to be considered approximate. The fifth column contains the names of witnesses to the manumission document. The witnesses were frequently friends, family or business associates of the owners, or notaries and justices of the peace. Several Quaker names appear frequently, as they were actively involved in sponsoring emancipations. Many entries list no witnesses, although there may have been some prersent in many cases. When the manumission was recorded on the same day or day after the document was written, the judge's name is provided as the sole witness. The sixth column contains the citation of the source (see above).

Names can be located using the "find" function on your web browser. Consider possible spelling variants. 

This page will be gradually revised and updated with more information.
Compiled by Timothy J. Dennee, 2001 and 2004, all rights reserved.

Date

Owner-Manumitter

Slave(s)/ Consideration

Remarks

Witnesses

Citation

2/16/1790 Barbary Ratcliffe (formerly Barbary Halley) of Fairfax Co. , VA and William Halley of Alexandria Cambridge Cambridge, 36, had been "devised" to Barbary Halley by Samuel Halley. John Bowen, George Fielder, Rebekah Killgore, Anna Halley Ffx. T-1:540
9/20/1790 John Hawkins Jerry To go free 8/1/1794.   Ffx. S-1:533

11/10/1791

Eleanor Hopkins of Fairfax Co., VA

Celia/ £45

Celia purchased herself.

James Keith, John Hawkins

Hust E:30

10/14/1792 Williams & Cary Nelly/ £50 None Ffx. U-1:271

7/17/1793

William Johnston of Fairfax Co., VA

Milly/ £50

Milly was about 21 years old.  Her freedom was purchased by William Halley, the former master of her husband, Nace.

Peter Wise, French Simpson, Esther Halley, William Halley

Hust E:473

3/18/1794

John Gist of Loudon Co., VA

George/ £40

  

Mordecai Miller, Edward Stabler

Hust F:286

4/16/1794

Charles Nowland of Fairfax Co., VA

Dennis/ £54

  

William Summers, Peter Wise, Jr., Charles Young, Robert Young

Hust F:278

7/8/1794

Charles Clark of Caroline Co., VA

Congo

To take effect 8/1/1794.

  

LVA

8/1794

Alexander Borough

Sarah Valentine

Valentine was about 30 years old, “black,” and 5’2” tall. 

 

LVA

8/21/1794 James Taylor Smuel Jacobs   Josiah Watson Ffx. X-1:383

8/22/1794

John Hunter

Peter

Peter was a former slave of Joseph Caverley, but was auctioned off to help satisfy Caverley’s debts.

J[oshua?] Gilpin, John Gilpin

Hust E:441

8/1/1795

George Lee Waugh of Stafford Co., VA

Anthony Waugh/ £30

George Waugh, a farmer, liberated his slave, Anthony, when paid by font-family:Arial">Vincent Gray.

John B. Armistead, Vincent Gray

LVA

9/1/1795

Korn & Wisemiller

Caesar

Caesar had been purchased from Charles Love. Manumission to take effect 9/1/1820.

 

LVA

9/25/1795

William Rhodes

Rachel

“considering the Blessings of freedom as invaluable to the human race and willing to secure the same to them as far as my influence extends…” Rhodes manumitted the 12-year-old Rachel to take effect when she reached age 30, 18 years from this date, provided that she had children in the meantime. Her children would then be freed when the males reached age 30 and the females 28.

Peter Wagener

Hust F:355

9/25/1795

William Summers

William

“considering the Blessings of freedom as invaluable to the human race and willing to secure the same to them as far as my influence extends…” William, age 8, was to be freed in 20 years from this date.

None

Hust F:514

12/23/1795

Jesse Taylor, administrator of estate of Jesse Taylor, Jr.

Bristol

Jesse Taylor, Jr. bought Bristol from the estate of Adam Bloss.

 

LVA

1/19/1796 William Hartshorne Ben Hartshorne had just purchased Ben, 25, from Joseph Mandeville and Robert B. Jamieson with the intention of freeing him after a few years of service: he was to be free after six years. George Deneale, Titus Triplett Ffx. Y-1:326
2/15/1796 Josiah Watson Suky [Sukey] and her children, Jane, Delia and Betsy   Isaac McPherson Ffx. Y-1:296

7/1/1796

Elizabeth Donaldson

Joe

 

 

LVA

8/23/1796

Aaron Hewes

Sylvia

Sylvia, 34, was former slave of John Hubball. Hubball sold her to Hewes for £45 8/23/1796. She was to gain her freedom after seven years of service, to end 12/2/1803.

George Deneale, William Summers

Hust H:79

10/4/1796

Lillburn Williams of Prince William Co., VA

Anthony Williams, his wife, Sophia, and their sons, John, Tom and Lewis/ £120

 

Walter Dodson, John Steward, Jr., William Summers

Hust H:123

11/24/1796

William Darrell of Fairfax Co., VA

Thomas Julius/ £90

For “his former faithfull services rendered me”.

John Norwood, Mordecai Miller, William Riggen

Hust I:109

2/2/1797

Benjamin T. Dulany of Fairfax Co., VA

Juda

Dulany sold Juda, a 12-year-old girl, for £36 to John Longdon of Fairfax Co. 2/2/1797, with the provision that she would be freed after eight years’ service.

Mahlon Scholfield, William Chambers, Ambrose White

L:417-418

3/25/1797 Josiah Watson Flora   None Ffx. B-2:235

5/27/1797

Francis T. Brooke as attorney for John T. Brooke of Fredericksburg, VA

Hester

 

 

LVA

6/22/1797 Archibald McClean Crager Warren/ £48   None Ffx. Z-1:462

7/3/1797

Theodorick Lee

Nathaniel

 

Elisha Janney and Jacob Shuck

LVA

7/4/1797

William Halley

Susanna, Andrew

Susanna and Andrew had been purchased from Nelson Halley’s estate. They were to go free 1/1/1801.

William Summers, David Henderson

Hust I:184,

Hust I:185

7/4/1797

William Halley

Harry

Harry was property of “Barbary Ratcliffe, deceased,” and at her decease, conveyed to [Halley] by will of Samuel Halley of Fairfax Co., VA.

William Summers, David Henderson

Hust I:186

7/4/1797

William Halley

Jacob [Halley?]

Jacob was former property of Nathaniel Halley. Manumission to take effect 1/1/1798.

William Summers, David Henderson

Hust I:187

8/8/1797

William Mitchell

Terry

Terry was a 40-year-old woman.

Abraham Faw, Jonathan Faw

Hust K:211

11/18/1797

John Edwards Ford of Port Tobacco, Charles Co., MD

Robert Braddock/ £80

 

George Slacum, Robert Gray

Hust O:99

1/3/1798

Thomas Whittington of Anne Arundel Co., MD

Dinah, Caesar, Margaret, Mary

Dinah was to be freed immediately; Caesar, 38, was to go free in three years. Margaret, 18, and Mary, 12, were to be free when each reached the age of 27—any male children they might have would be free at age 21, and girls at age 16.   This manumission was recorded in Anne Arundel Co. 1/30/1798 and in Alexandria 12/9/1818.

William Whittington, William Weems

G-2:196

7/4/1798

William Halley

Jacob

Jacob was property of “Barbary Ratcliffe, deceased,” and at her decease, conveyed to [Halley] by will of Samuel Halley of Fairfax Co., VA.

William Summers, David Henderson

Hust I:188

7/9/1798 John Norwood Achilles   Thomas M. Perrin, Mathurin Perrin, Jesse Simms Ffx. B-2:365

11/1/1798

Dr. James Gillies

Polly

Freed for “services rendered,” but Gillies reserved title to her children, William, Esther and Peter.

John A. Casey

Hust L:77

12/18/1798 Josiah Watson Hannah [Dutcher] Hannah paid the balance due Watson for her freedom 9/8/1795. The money, £24.1.3, was paid by or for Hannah's husband, Leonard Dutcher, by Andrew Jamieson. Washington J. Washington, Andrew Jamieson Ffx. A-2:522

12/27/1798

Joseph White Harrison of Fairfax Co., VA

Pompey/ £40

 

Cleon Moore, Daniel C. Luppo, Jesse Simms

Hust L:167

6/14/1799

John Muncaster and Philip G. Marsteller

John Wilkes

Wilkes was a slave of Elizabeth Copper, who bequeathed him to her daughters, Kitty and Elizabeth, but wished him to be set free. Kitty and Elizabeth married Marsteller and Muncaster, respectively.

John Roberts, Zachariah Muncaster

Hust M:3

7/25/1799

William Byrd Page

Charles Campbell

Freed for “faithful service.”

John Ramsay, Cuthbert Powell, James Campbell

Hust M:39

8/11/1799 Dr. Thomas Triplett Cesar [Caesar] Cesar, 30, was described as "middle sized, & marked in the face, on each cheek as africans frequently are." O. Gwathney, T. Tyler Ffx. B-2:244

10/8/1799

Joseph Martin

Lucy and her daughter, Grace

Lucy, age 55, and Grace, age 12, were apparently brought into Virginia contrary to the law. They brought suit against Martin, but settled to serve for a fixed term, i.e., Lucy until 9/9/1801 and Grace until 5/2/1809.

Abraham Faw, Robert Smock, Jonathan Faw

Hust M:189

12/31/1799

Thomas Jacob of Dumfries, Prince William Co., VA

Kitty [Jackson] and her son, George

Kitty was described as “mulatto.”

John Williams, Edward Deneale, Thomas A. Smith

LVA

1/10/1800

Isaac McPherson of Prince William Co., VA

Harry, his wife, Dorothy, and their children, Priscilla, Robert and John/ £75

 

Samuel Hampton, Lee Pomroy, Thomas Powell, William Moss, John Hooff

Hust M:328

2/26/1800

Daniel Douglass

Richard Thompson

Douglass purchased Thompson from Ann Richards 11/14/1797 and promised that he would be freed after ten years’ service.

Andrew Heath, Jr.

Hust N:355

3/10/1800

David Henderson

Dominy [or Dominick Barecroft]

Sold by Susanna Barcroft, Charlotte Clark, Willoughby Newton Berryman, and Jane Presley (Berryman’s wife) to Catesby Jones of Northumberland Co., VA 2/4/1796. Jones assigned his interest to Thomas Davis of Fairfax Co., VA 2/6/1796. Davis sold Dominy to Henderson for $200 on 2/17/1800.

None

Hust M:378

6/1/1800

Mary Davis

Betty Davis

Mary Davis was the widow of Samuel Davis.

Archibald McClean, Robert Gill, Jr., Edward Stabler

D:327

7/29/1800

John Butcher, William Paton and Ezra Kinzey

Harry

 

George Deneale

Hust N:246

8/4/1800

William Halley

Harry

Halley bought Harry from John R. Wheaton of Alexandria for five years service 1/20/1795.

George Deneale

Hust M:407

10/2/1800

Russell Stephens

Peggy and her youngest child, Horace

Stephens purchased Peggy and Horace from Francis Peyton 10/2/1800 for a term of two years’ service. Peggy could purchase her freedom immediately for £14, or during her term for a prorated sum.

 

Hust N:353

10/10/1800

Andrew Jamieson

Robert Davis

 

George Deneale

T:427

10/11/1800

James McKinzie

Hannah Calbert

Calbert, a “black” woman, had been purchased from George Slacum.

George Drinker, James Wallace

L:541

11/3/1800

Dr. James Gillies

Peter

Peter, 33 years old, was formerly owned by Joseph Carey, but was purchased by Gillies at an auction to satisfy a debt owed by Carey.

James Keith, Andrew Bryson

Hust N:108

1/25/1801

Mordecai Miller

Sampson Sumby/ $200

Former slave of Ann Boggess “by [Miller] purchased of her…to procure his liberation from bondage.”

None

A:63

1/26/1801

Elsworth Bayne of Prince George’s Co., MD

Samuel/ 50 guineas

 

Joseph Ingle, William Paton, Jonathan Butcher

A:106

2/23/1801

Ellis Price

Violet Nutt and her child, Mariana (or Mary Ann) Nutt/ $133

 

Archibald McClean, Thomas Dempsey, William Sanford

A:88

3/1/1801

William Hartshorne, surviving partner of Hartshorne & Sons

George Triplett, aka George Kennedy

Purchased of Dr. James Kennedy by Hartshorne & Sons on condition that he would be set free…

John Dunlap, Andrew Watson

A:60

5/20/1801

Russell Stevens

Adam Mitchell

“Late the slave…of…John Ritchie, and purchased of…his agent, George Clementson…” Mitchell had been a seaman on the ship Hannah under Stevens’ command.

Walter Jones, Jr., Thomas Brocchus

A:371

6/9/1801

John Wise

Crandrass [Payne]

Crandrass was the wife of London Payne.

George Deneale, Amos Alexander

A:146

7/17/1801

Jane Sales

Samuel Sales

Former property of Frederick Briggs, purchased at marshal’s auction of Briggs' property.

Walter Jones, Jr., Joseph Mandeville

A:211

8/29/1801

James Keith

Thomas Messer/ $300

 

George Taylor

G:252

1/12/1802

Walter Jones, Jr.

Nelson

Nelson was approximately 20 years old and belonged to the Jones estate.

John Love, George Youngs

A:423

5/13/1802

Elizabeth Doncastle of Georgetown, DC

Linder Lewis

 

 

LVA

6/1/1802

James Marshall

James

James had been purchased from George Pickett of Richmond, VA.

None

C:44

6/13/1802

Archibald McClean

George Grayson

McClean had purchased Grayson from Joseph Wilson Davis of Berkeley Co., VA

None

C:151

6/30/1802

Robert Townshend Hooe

Sinah Thomas and her children, Eliza and Gustavus/ £100

The purchase was made by Charles Thomas, Sinah’s free husband.

Zachariah Muncaster, Gerard Alexander, Jr., Samuel Cross

C:487

1/8/1803

William Hepburn and John Dundas

Jack

Jack, 30 years old and 5’8” or 5’9”, was bought from Henry A. Bennett 1/8/1789 for a 14-year term of service.

Hugh W. Deneale

S:25

3/1/1803

George Washington Parke Custis

Louisa

Louisa was “about two years old the daughter of Judith one of the slaves in the Dower of the late Mrs. Martha Washington and lately resident at Mount Vernon…”

James Keith, Thomas R. Keith

E:153

3/13/1803

James Patton

George Parker/ £100

 

Donald Macleod, William Wilson

D:31

5/3/1803

William Hepburn and John Dundas

Doll

Doll was born about 1780, the daughter of one of the former slaves of John Colville of "Cleish," Fairfax Co., VA. Colville bequeathed his slaves to the Earl of Baskerville, and Baskerville, in turn, willed them to Henry Astley Bennett, Esq. of Great Britain. On 1/8/1789, Bennett sold Doll to Hepburn & Dundas for 17 years' service for £31.13s. Hepburn & Dundas relinquished their claims and released her in 1803.  

David Griffith, James Hooe/ George Deneale

M:346-348

6/8/1803

John Campton of Fairfax Co., VA

George and Clary, his wife, and Jonathan and Thomas, their sons

George had been the property of Campton’s father, and Clary had been the property of Charles Hagon.

Robert Brockett, William Halley, Robert Hally

G:191

6/15/1803

Alexander and James Smith

Robin

“[D]eeming it unjust and improper to hold any person in bondage for life,” the Smiths manumitted Robin, to take effect 12/25/1808.

None

L:336

6/16/1803

Alexander Smith & Son (Alexander and James Smith)

Stephen Salter

Salter was described as a “Bright negroe man…who has lived with us about nine years and was purchased of Charles Nolin, of Northumberland” Co., VA. He was 34 years old, 5’3”, with “rather a large mouth & talks rather Smart when spoken to.”

Washer Blunt, William Pomery, Samuel McCloud

I:38

6/28/1803

John Hodgkin

Harry Hanson/ $500

 

Tristram Dalton, Robert Mackglashan

G:354

10/13/1803

Louis Lambert

Adrien

Once free, Adrien bound himself to Lambert for seven years' service from 10/14/1803.

Washer Blunt, Alexander Veitch, Anthony Charles Cazenove

G:70,71,77

1/13/1804

Mordecai Miller

Jack Calbert

Calbert ("man”) was conveyed to Miller by Benjamin King, Nancy O’Daniel and Catherine McIntosh 1/13/1800, to be freed after four years’ service.

Abram Hewes, Robert W. Dyer

I:379

7/25/1804

Philip Dorrall

Lucy

At the time, Lucy had been hired out to, and was living with, John Gadsby.

John Gadsby, George Dorrall, George Deneale, Hugh W. Deneale

P:261

9/10/1804

Dominick Barecroft

Esther

“[I]n consideration of the faithfull Services of a certain Black woman named Esther, purchased…of Susan Thornton [of Frederick, MD].”

John Hooff, Hugh W. Deneale

I:351

11/24/1804

John C. Herbert

Polly

Herbert agreed to free Polly at the end of 17 years of service, to end 3/31/1822 (any children would be freed at age 28). He then sold her to Ralph Longden for that term for $105.

William Herbert

LVA

5/10/1805

McKenzie Talbot of Fairfax Co., VA

Sam

Talbot sold Sam to Thomas White of Alexandria for $166.67. Sam, 40, was to serve six years, then go free.

Robert J. Taylor, Jesse T. Ramsay

T:494

5/27/1805

James A. Sutton

James Carter/ $200

Sutton had purchased the mulatto Carter in 1800 for a term of seven years, but Carter (with the help of Elias Boudinot of Philadelphia) bought his freedom before the term expired.

Gurdon Chapin, Ellis Price

L:419

6/4/1805

Ephraim Evans

Milly

Milly was 32 or 33 years old and had been purchased from James Wilson of Alexandria.

George Deneale, John Hooff

K:3

6/10/1805

John White

Precilla/ £22.10.--

 

Thomas L. Griffin, Hugh W. Deneale

P:195

10/1/1805

John Gadsby

Anne

“[I]n consideration of the fidelity and attention…,” Gadsby freed Anne, a 32-year-old mulatto.

Robert J. Taylor, Jesse T. Ramsay

L:193

11/4/1805

William Halley

Robert Bell

 

Nathaniel McAlister, George Drinker

M:89

11/23/1805

Absalom Wroe

Ann and her son, William

Ann was 24 years old.

John Woodrow, John Neill

K:332

11/24/1805

John C. Herbert

Alice, Bet, Kate and Cato

To take effect after 3/31/1811, but any children the females had would not be free until age 28.

George Deneale

K:333

11/24/1805

John C. Herbert

Moll, Sarah [Sarah Ann Bennett], Charles, Harry, Jemima [Harris], Winny and Eliza

To take effect after 3/31/1817, but any children the females had would not be free until age 28.

George Deneale

K:333

11/24/1805

John C. Herbert

Edward, John [John Ball, aka Henry Tate aka Henry Chase], Ariana, Daniel the younger, Jenny and Peggy

To take effect after 3/31/1821, but any children the females had would not be free until age 28.

George Deneale

K:333

11/24/1805

John C. Herbert

Bet ([Betsey Johnson], the daughter of Peg), Abraham, Lewis, Poll, Young Kate, Bet (daughter of Joan), and Sophia

To take effect after 3/31/1823, but any children the females had would not be free until reaching age 28.

George Deneale

K:333

11/24/1805

John C. Herbert

Nancy, Matilda, Nelly, Charles [Coats], Mary [Mary Chase aka Mary Digges], Patty [Patty or Patsy Berry], Maria [Henry], Ann [Hamilton], Milly [Bennett] and Bill

To take effect after 3/31/1826, but any children the females had would not be free until reaching age 28.

George Deneale

K:333

11/25/1805

Thomas Cole

Cornelius

Cole, master of the ship Hero of Alexandria, had purchased the mulatto Cornelius, 22, from Edmund Jennings Lee, the trustee of William Wilson for $400. Cornelius was to go free in fifteen years.

James Kennedy, Jr., James B. Nickolls

K:426

12/20/1805

Charles Simms

Robert Purcell

 

George Deneale

K:337

12/30/1805

John Askins of Fairfax Co., VA

Daniel Wells/ $300

Wells’ freedom was purchased by himself and Thomas Findley.

Mordecai Miller and Thomas B. Dyer

S:357

3/22/1806

James Lawrason

William Gordon/ £120

Freed 1/1/1799.

James Smith, Thomson Douglass

L:510

3/28/1806

Bryan Hampson

Lucy and her daughter, Cassy, and Cassy's daughter, Lucy Ann

Lucy was 40 years old, Cassy, 24, and Lucy Ann, four. Lucy Ann and Cassy were identified as mulattoes.

George Deneale

M:73-75

4/2/1806

Sarah Porter, administratrix of estate of Thomas Porter

James Nutt/ £45

 

William Taylor, Jesse T. Ramsay

M:108

4/3/1806

Thomas Fairfax

Lydia, Grace, Judy and William

These slaves were the children of Gracianna, a deceased slave of Fairfax’s father. Fairfax was “residuary legatee” of his deceased father and freed these slaves in accordance to his father’s earlier “verbal permission [for them] to go free.”

George Deneale

L:453

4/5/1806

Thomas Cocke of Prince George Co., VA

Hannah

Hannah was approximately 26 and living in Alexandria.

Jacob Hoffman, Peter H. Wise?, Peter E. Hoffman

LVA

5/1/1806

William Newton

Johannah Weaver and her son, William [Emanuel?] Weaver

William Weaver was two years old.

Richard H. Love

M:383

7/4/1806

Michael and Rebecca Flannery

Joe

Joe was 35 years old.

Ellis Price, John Neill, James Turner

M:177

11/25/1806

Eliza and Thomas Dunlap

Bet, daughter of Phanney [Fanny?]

 

Cleon Moore, John Adam, John J. Frobel

O:312

11/31/1806

William Colston

Robin Thompson/ $350

 

Elijah Shay

N:327

3/30/1807

Andrew Jamieson and Robert Anderson

David

The manumission was in accordance with the provisions of David’s purchase ten years earlier.

Alexander Paton        

N:529

5/12/1807

Ezra Kinsey

Lucy Curtis

 

None

P:4

7/1/1807

John Watts

Venus [aka Lavinia Bailey?]

To take effect 7/1/1810.

Robert J. Taylor, William Newton, Jr.

O:3

12/11/1807

Elijah Shay

John Bossey and his wife, Grace Bossey

The Bosseys had been purchased from William Fitzhugh.

W. Wedderburn

P:262

12/16/1807

Daniel McClean

Abraham

McClean sold Abraham to Andrew Jamieson and Robert Anderson for five years' service from 10/18/1802. Abraham was freed with ceritification of his good behavior by Jamieson & Anderson.

Cleon Moore

P:204

1/6/1808

James Lawrason

William Goddard, Jr./ $250

Lawrason bought Goddard from the executors of the estate of Capt. Richard Conway. William Goddard, Sr. bought his son’s freedom from Lawrason.

Robert J. Taylor, Maria M. Taylor

O:424

3/21/1808

Andrew Scholfield

Clara

“[B]eing moved and induced by the principle of Benevolence…”

Jonathan Ross, William Jolliff

Q:34

11/5/1808

William Sandford (or Sanford)

Hanson (or Henson)

Sandford bought Hanson from Dr. Peter Wise for a term of ten years 11/5/1808. Sandford then conveyed him to William Gilham 8/5/1809 for $250.  Then, Gilham, for $200, conveyed Hanson to William Harper 6/9/1810 (this final bill of sale was recorded in 1821). Hanson was probably freed in 1818.

George Wise, Adam Lynn

L-2:325,330

1/26/1809

Thomas Preston

Robert

 

Henry Moore, Erasmus Hamilton

S:13

6/20/1809

John Duffy

Janny

Janny was a woman “of Midling Age, and of a sound and healthy person.”

Abraham Faw, John Neill

Q:459

8/4/1809

Elisha Janney

George and his wife, Rose

George was a “mulatto,” and both of the couple were under 30 years old.

Hugh W. Deneale, Robert J. Taylor, Daniel Minor

S:2

8/16/1809

William Lanphier

George

George was formerly owned by Allen Gunnell of Fairfax Co., VA.

Bernard Bryan, James Campbell, Matthew Sexsmith

S:247

8/31/1809

George Webster

Hannah Webster

Hannah, 21 years old and described as “yellow,” was the daughter of George Webster. Webster bought her from Benjamin Dulany of Alexandria for $50, then freed her.

John Neill, Robert N. Windsor

R:410

9/1/1809

Mordecai Miller

Moll

Miller bought Moll from John C. Herbert 3/8/1809 for a term of service of six years and eight months (from 3/26/1809). Herbert had already (11/26/1805) executed a deed of emancipation to release her eventually, presumably to take effect at the end of her service to Miller.

George Graham, Thomas Sanford

S:246

9/11/1809

William Newton

Emanuel Weaver

Emanuel, 6-7 years old, was the son of Johannah Weaver who was also formerly the property of Newton.

Robert Abercrombie

B-2:345

10/2/1809

Jane Contee

Monaca

[Contee brought Monaca from Maryland 5/15/1802.]

James Keith, Jr., John C. Keith

S:202

12/4/1809

Jacob Hoffman

Benjamin Cryer and his wife, Beck

Benjamin was 40 years old and “black”; Beck, 35, was described as a “dark mulatto.”

William G. Adams, William Watters

R:377

12/4/1809

Jacob Hoffman

Samuel

Samuel, 42 and “black,” was left to Hoffman by the will of Gabriel Childs of Fairfax Co., VA.

William G. Adams,

William Watters

R:377

12/12/1809

Russell Stephens

Elizabeth Triplett/ $300

 

C.P. Thompson, S. Thompson, N. Herbert

R:441

5/1/1810

Elizabeth and Mary Dunlap, the wife and daughter of John Dunlap, respectively

Bet (Salter)

Bet, 13, was the daughter of Fanny Salter, who had already been freed by John Dunlap.

Ludwell L. Moore, John Dade, J. McGill, Cleon Moore

S:288

5/24/1810

Samuel Tyler of Fairfax Co., VA

Jenny Parker/ $50

Jenny was the wife of George Parker, who bought her freedom. The manumission was recorded in Alexandria 5/20/1822.

William H. Foote, Dennis Johnston

M-2:4

10/24/1810

William Goddard (free black)

Hannah

 

Jonah Isabell, Archibald McClean

U:467

12/20/1810

Seely Bunn

Jude [Currey], Hannah and Winney

Jude was 36, Hannah, 4, and Winney, 2. Jude’s and Hannah’s manumissions were to take effect after 8/1/1831, and Winney’s after 8/1/1833. The girls were likely daughters of Jude, and their surname was possibly Currey or Curry.

George Deneale, Hugh M. Deneale

T:296

3/2/1811

Francis Hall

Alexander West/ $302

West had been purchased from Jonah Thompson for $300 9/15/1810.

Hugh W. Deneale, Charles McKnight

T:352-353

3/15/1811

Benjamin Dulany

Daniel Botts

Botts, described as “yellow,” was released for “faithful service.”

Thomas Triplett, James Brooks, Samuel Snowden

T:352

7/9/1811

Andrew Jamieson

Paul Brown

 

George Deneale

T:426

7/12/1811

John Violett

Simms Green and his daughters, Maria and Harriot Green

“in consideration of a principle of Humanity and a regard for the natural Rights of all Men…”

None

U:369

11/25/1811

Philip Alexander

Joseph Humphries

Humphries, 36, was freed in recognition of his "faithful services."

William Herbert, Jr.

V:32

11/28/1811

Elisha Cullen Dick

Nanny

Nanny was 40 years old.

Archibald B. Dick, William W. Walls

U:445

12/19/1811

Andrew Scholfield

Nell

“[B]eing desirous to soften and mitigate the condition of persons held in Slavery,” Scholfield freed Nell, 25.

Abraham Faw, Elijah Chenault

U:525

5/1/1812

Hugh Carolin

Margery Colston

Colston was 40 years old.

John Kincaid, Presley Barker

W:16

5/18/1812

George Webster

Grace

Grace, 40 years old and “yellow,” had been purchased from Leonard Cook of Alexandria for $100.

Charles Simms, John D. Simms

V:344

7/18/1812

William Goddard (free black)

Molly/ $100

Molly, 43, had been purchased from Joseph Powell for $100 1/4/1812. She was freed when she repaid the purchase price.

Hugh W. Deneale, James Campbell

W:77,79

8/4/1812

Hugh Smith

Charlotte/ $240

Charlotte was 25 years old.  Anthony Dowling put up the $240 to buy her freedom.

Thomas Smith, William Bartleman

W:283

8/18/1812

William Goddard (free black)

Jack Goddard

William Goddard purchased Jack Goddard from Benjamin Dulany.

Hugh W. Deneale, John Bogan, James Campbell

W:332

10/16/1812

Robert Smith

Mary Addison

Addison, under 45 years old, had been purchased from John McKnight.

Richard Coe, Archibald McClean, Jonah Isabell

W:303

11/24/1812

Mordecai Miller

Rachel and her son, Simon [Brown]

Miller bought the slaves from Andrew Jamieson 11/15/1811. Rachel was freed immediately, but her son, two years old, was to be freed when he reached the age of 21.

Solomon Parsons, Andrew Jamieson

Y:321-322

12/9/1812

William Goddard (free black)

John Cooke

Goddard bought Cooke from Benjamin Dulany.

Hugh W. Deneale, James Campbell

W:333

1/11/1813

James Lawrason

Ben

Ben, 43, had been purchased from Gilbert Simpson 1/11/1802 (presumably for 11 years' service).

A.R. Levering, J[osiah?] H. Smoot

L-2:252

4/8/1813

William Fowle

Lavinia Marble/ $250

Fowle had purchased Marble (“mulatto”) from John Macrea of Prince William Co., VA for $250 12/19/1810. Fowle then agreed to free Marble when she could repay the purchase price.

Thomas Lawrason

W:477

4/12/1813

Priscilla Conrad

Nancy Black/ $200

 

Thomas Semmes, Samuel J. Potts

W:538

4/19/1813

Robert P. Washington of Fairfax Co., VA

Gemima Branham

 

Edward Owen, Joseph McMurry

W:418

5/5/1813

Andrew Jamieson

William Norton

Jamieson had purchased Norton from Elizabeth Ramsay to serve 12 years. This term was now expired.

George Deneale

W:538

5/21/1813

Mordecai Miller

Rachel Branham and her two daughters, Marsolina and Almira/ $200

Miller had purchased the slaves from George Washington Parke Custis “of Arlington house” for $200 4/21/1813.

None

Y:351-352

5/25/1813

Robert Vaughn (free black)

Peggy Vaughn and Robert Vaughn Jr.

The slaves were purchased from the administrators of Andrew Balmain’s estate 9/12/1812.

Richard H. Litle, George S. Hough

X:178

8/20/1813

Jeremiah Booth

Abraham Jackson/ $77

 

William Campbell, James Taylor Ramsay

Y:71

11/13/1813

James Harris

Patsy

Patsy was freed for “good conduct.”

George Deneale

Y:71

11/16/1813

Charles Bennett

Moses

Moses was about 38 years old.

Daniel McLean, W.H. Rice

X:148

before 11/30/1813

James Nutt (free black)

Arthur/ $375

Arthur was born into the “family” of Elisha Cullen Dick in 1788. His manumission was to take effect 1/1/1814.

Philip Triplett, James Anderson

Y:58

1/6/1814

John Lewis of Fairfax Co., VA

Sarah Cooke/ $100

Sarah’s freedom was purchased by her husband, John Cooke, a free black.

Thomson F. Mason

A-2:411

1/8/1814

James M. Stewart

Betty Brooks/ $150

 

John A. Stewart, John Richards, John McKnight

Y:531

1/31/1814

Ira Gunnell

Dick Moxley/ $150

Gunnell received Dick from the division of the estate of his father, Presley Gunnell of Alexandria Co., VA.

Robert M. Windsor, John Violett, Henry B. Deagen

X:388

3/12/1814

Benjamin T. Dulany of Charles Co., MD

Harry Bell/ $120

Bell was 27 years old.

John T. Brooks, Mordecai Miller, Benjamin Dulany

Y:320

4/9/1814

Nicholas F. Blacklock of Prince George's Co., MD

Mimy Handless/ $250

 

Jacob Douglass, Jesse T. Ramsay

Y:283

4/25/1814

Mordecai Miller

Grace Grayson

Miller had purchased Grayson from William Groverman for $200 3/26/1810. Grayson had been hired out to her husband, George Grayson.

Solomon Parsons, Robert H. Miller

Y:284

10/8/1814

Richard Libby

Sinah (or Sinai) Lee

The “late” firm of Libby & Carne purchased Lee from James Kenner. She was transferred from the firm to Libby alone. Libby, “not thinking it Justice to hold any one in bondage longer than till a full compensation should be made…” freed Lee.

Bernard Bryan, Samuel Smith, Jonah Isabell

E-2:295

11/11/1814

Francis Peyton

Luther

Luther was described as a “mulatto,” approximately 25 years old.

None

Z:223

12/9/1814

Jane A. Ramsay, administratrix of Dennis Ramsay

Daniel Payne/ $250

 

William Ramsay (Jr.?), James Taylor Ramsay

Z:204

12/19/1814

George Parker

Polly Parker and her children, Landon, Kitty and Philip Ely Parker

“in consideration of the natural love and affection which I bear my wife Polly Parker and my children…”  George Parker purchased his family from William H. Fitzhugh of Fairfax Co., VA for $350 12/19/1814.

Samuel Snowden, Thomas Triplett

Z:24-25

5/4/1815

Sally Ranson

Patsy Ranson

Patsy was Sally’s servant.

Robert J. Taylor, Noblet Herbert

A-2:422

6/1815

John Hughes

Benjamin Brown

Brown had completed his term of service.

None

LVA

6/28/1815

Hannah Jackson (free black)

Solomon

Solomon ("man") was sold to Jackson on this date by Samuel Carson for $135.

George Carson, James H. Earl

B-2:382

7/14/1815

William Goddard (free black)

Frances Sales/ $150

Sales was about 33 years old.

E. McIver, John Tucker, Edward Stabler, Jr., William Stabler

Z:329

7/20/1815

Charles Lewis

Fanny and her son, Francis “Frank” [Williams]

 

John B. Paton, David Ball

C-2:116

7/21/1815

Benoni Wheat

Sylvia, William, Mary Ann [Lee], Louisa [Lee] and Permelia ("Milly")

Sylvia, 30, was to be freed 5/24/1821; William, to be free from 5/18/1837; Mary Ann, from 12/28/1833; Louisa, from 5/27/1837; and Permelia, from 12/31/1830. Any children born to the females in the meantime would also be freed, males at age 25 and females at 21.

None

L-2:99

7/21/1815

Richard Horwell

Clara

Horwell sells Clara to James Robinson for $300 on condition that she go free at age 25.

Alexander Moore, Jonathan C. May, William Isabell

B-2:84

9/7/1815

Richard Libby

Richard Hookes

The late firm of Libby & Carne purchased Hookes from John Parsons. He was transferred from the firm to Libby alone.

Bernard Bryan, Samuel Smith, Jonah Isabell

E-2:294

10/4/1815

Hannah Jackson (free black)

Ann Weaver

Weaver ("girl") was Jackson's granddaughter. On this date, Jackson bought her for $295 from Augusta Newton, administratrix of the estate of her late husband, William Newton.

Richard Libby

B-2:396

12/9/1815

Jane Contee

Basil Lee

[Contee brought Basil from Maryland 5/15/1802.]

James Keith, John C. Keith

Z:298

1/1/1816

James Anderson

Jesse Conway

Conway was about 40-41 years old.

Gerrard Plummer

D-2:46

2/12/1816

Hannah Jackson (free black)

Esther and her children, Letty, Maria, Moses and Julia Ann

Esther, 45, was Hannah Jackson's sister. Jackson purchased her and her children—Letty, 11; Maria, 8; Moses, 4; and Julia Ann, 1—from William Hepburn for $1000 on 2/1/1816 (the money was actually paid 2/12/1816).

John Paradise, Thomas J. Minor

B-2:343-344

4/13/1816

Hugh Smith

Anthony Smith

Anthony Smith had been purchased 4/13/1816.

Jacob Hoffman, Jacob Morgan

B-2:250

4/13/1816

Hugh Smith

Anthony

Anthony had been purchased on or before 6/12/1808, the date the bill of sale was recorded.

None

L-2:66

4/24/1816

John C. Vowell

Richard

Richard ("man") had been purchased from James Kennedy, Jr.

Robert J. Taylor, John D. Simms

B-2:200

5/1/1816

Eleanor Nelson

Jemima [Robinson] and her children, Elizabeth, Mary, Nancy and John Robinson

 

Elisha Cullen Dick, Cyrus C. Marsteller

B-2:298

6/9/1816

Dr. Charles W. [De]Valengen of Fairfax Co., VA

John Butts

Butts, 35 years old, had been purchased from James Irwin.

Thomson F. Mason, John Thomas Ricketts

D-2:67

9/7/1816

William Hodgson

James

James ("man") was the property of of Hodgson's wife.

William Wilson

D-2:290

9/25/1816

William S. Moore of Baltimore, MD

Griffin Graham

Graham, 23, had been purchased from M.M. Flannery.

J. Darickson, Jacob Hoffman, Richard H. Litle

E-2:349

11/21/1816

Peter Randolph Beverley

Dennis Tolson and his wife, Mary/ $700

 

Samuel Snow, George Deneale

C-2:256

before 11/30/1816

James Harris

Letty Minor

 

Archibald J. Taylor, Samuel Bartle

C-2:374

1/7/1817

John C. Vowell

John McQuan

McQuan was formerly a slave of William Wilson.

James Harper, John Throop

D-2:486

2/17/1817

Samuel Lightfoot

Nancy

Nancy, 17, and a “light mulatto,” was formerly the property of Roger West (of Fairfax Co., VA), and was purchased from Richard Conway, the executor of the West estate.

Mordecai Miller, Solomon Parsons, Charles Slade

D-2:272

3/1/1817

James Anderson

David Bruce

Anderson sells Bruce to James L. McKenna for $600 on condition that he will go free 3/4/1828.

Richard C. Norton, Ellis Price

D-2:355

3/20/1817

Thomas Mount

Spencer Griffin

To take effect in 15 years (3/20/1832).

Mountjoy Bayly, Evander McIver

D-2:381

4/3/1817

Oliver P. Finley

Clara Brooks

 

Charles Little, Charles J. Catlett

F-2:68

6/20/1817

Samuel Cooper

John Brown

Brown was born 6/20/1789. He was sold by Andrew Jamieson to John Mandeville and by Mandeville to Cooper. Cooper agreed to free him when he reached age 28, on 6/20/1817, and to not remove him from (or sell him from) the Northern Neck of Virginia.

Hugh West, George Gilpin

LVA

6/27/1817

Samuel Chase

Eliza Chase

Eliza, a "mulatto," was the wife of Samuel Chase and was sold to him by John Jackson.

Joseph Dean, John Jackson

F-2:433

8/18/1817

John Childs

Jerry [Banks], Samuel [Banks], Fanny, and Fanny's two children, Rosy and Margaret

Jerry was 25 years old; Sam, 21, was to be freed at age 25; Fanny, 19, was to be freed at age 21; Rosy, 5, and Margaret, 3, (and any children they might have before freed) were to be freed when they reached 21.

William Rhodes, Joseph Rowen

F-2:129

8/23/1817

John A. Washington of Jefferson Co., VA

Edward "Ned" Frazier/ $500

Ned Frazier, about 25 years old, was "of small size, late one of the gard[e]ners in the garden at Mount Vernon" (George Washington's former estate in Fairfax Co., VA).

Anthony Crease, Noblet Herbert, William Yeates

F-2:429

10/1817

Mordecai Miller

Mary Taylor and her daughter, Ellender

Mary, 43, and Ellender, 4, had been purchased from William Weims of Anne Arundel Co., MD for $60 8/12/1814.

Solomon Parsons, John S. Miller

E-2:159

B-2:133

10/17/1817

William S. Moore of Baltimore, MD

Joseph Williams

Williams, 27 years old, was formerly owned by Mr. [John?] Fitzgerald.

Jacob Hoffman, Richard H. Litle

F-2:264

10/29/1817

Priscilla Fortney

Goola

Fortney was the widow of Jacob Fortney. Goola, 22 years old, was to be free from 1/2/1828. If she had children in that time, the boys would go free at age 25, and the girls at 21.

Isaac Robbins, Thomas Mount

D-2:510

10/29/1817

Priscilla Fortney

Susan

Fortney was the widow of Jacob Fortney. Susan, 15 years old, was to be free from 1/2/1835.   If she had children in that time, the boys would go free at age 25, and the girls at 21.

Isaac Robbins, Thomas Mount

D-2:511

10/29/1817

Priscilla Fortney

Maria

Fortney was the widow of Jacob Fortney.   Maria, two years old, was to be free from 1/2/1845.   If she had children in that time, the boys would go free at age 25, and the girls at 21.

Isaac Robbins, Thomas Mount

E-2:195

11/12/1817

Thomas Triplett of Loudon Co., VA

James Wright

Wright was described as "mulatto."

Noblet Herbert, Alexander Moore, John Muschett

F-2:56

11/20/1817

Richard Hewes

Betty

Betty, 57, was described as "mulatto."

Thomson F. Mason, Nathaniel Rounsaville

H-2:326

11/21/1817

Thomas Brocchus and Samuel Wheeler

William Syphax

Syphax was about 44 years old.

Benjamin Wood, Edward Stabler

S-2:605

12/19/1817

Moses Seal

Aggy

Aggy was 32 years old.

Robert J. Taylor, Thomson F. Mason

E-2:362

5/14/1818

George Washington Parke Custis

John, Charles, Edmund and Eliza

John, 14, was the son of Custis' servant, Judith. Charles, also 14, was the son of Custis' servant, Eloisa. Edmund, 11, and Eliza, 8, were the children of Custis' servant, Oney.

George Deneale

G-2:14

10/27/1818

George Dent Alexander

Henny Jones

 

George Travers, John Javins, John Perry, N. Bayly, William A. Harris

I-2:86

12/29/1818

Daniel McClean and Isaac Robbins

George Berry

Berry, 32 and "black," was formerly owned by Daniel McClean and Daniel Cawood.

Ambrose Vasse, Robert McIntosh

H-2:387

1/30/1819

John Bossey of Fairfax Co., VA

Solomon Robinson

Robinson, 16, was Bossey's nephew, purchased "in Consideration of the natural love and esteem" from Thomas Peters of Fauquier Co., VA.

William A. Harris, Mountjoy Bayly, Edmund Jennings Lee, Jr.

I-2:32

2/20/1819

Alice Coleman

Susan Seals

Seals was the daughter of Cloe Rhodes, who was Coleman's servant at the time of Seals's brith. Rhodes was previously freed, and Seals was given to her by this deed.

Ann McMecken

I-2:380

4/20/1819

Thomas Sandford [Sanford]

Nancy Bruce and her son, Charles Bruce/ $50

Nancy Bruce, 23, was the wife of Aaron Bruce. Charles Bruce, their son, was to remain in bondage until he reached age 25.

None

G-2:242

4/21/1819

John Wood

Armistead [Bowling]

Armistead, a boy, was to be free from 10/15/1829. He had been purchased from William Herbert, Jr., the trustee of the creditors of Cary, Bronaugh & Co.

Alexander Moore, A. Hodgkinson, Robert Munro

I-2:27

4/27/1819

Margaret Moss

Robert Mitchell/ $300

Mitchell was about 28 years old.

Jacob Hoffman, Peter E. Hoffman

G-2:363

5/3/1819

William L. Wilkinson (or Wilkerson)

Moses Brent/ $400

Payment was made by Richard H. Litle.

Richard H. Litle, Charles Litle

H-2:475

5/11/1819

John Whiting

Mildred "Milly" Jones and her children, Kitty, Sophia, Jack [John], Thacker, Charles and Mildred Jones

Mildred Jones was 40 years old and to be freed immediately. The children and the dates were to be free were: Kitty, 12, 1/1/1828; Sophia, ten, 1/1/1830; Jack, 8, 1/1/1832; Thacker, six, 1/1/1834; Charles, four, 1/1/1836; and Mildred, six months, 1/1/1839. [John or "Jack" Jones was also known as John Whiting.]  

Jacob Hoffman, Samuel Wallace

K-2:42

12/8/1819

John Constantine Generes

Annette, Bernard

Annette, 2, and Bernarad, 1, were the children of Kitty and were bound to serve until they had each attained the age of 21.

Isaac Kell, Robert J. Taylor

K-2:31

12/20/1819

Letty Minor (free black)

Milly Middleton and her children, Harriet, Susan and Alfred

Milly Middleton ("black") was Letty Minor's daughter. Her children were "infants."

Richard H. Litle, Burr W. Powell

I-2:360

12/22/1819

Richard Veitch

Betty Yorpp

 

Alexander Moore

I-2:379

4/28/1820

Christopher Frye

George Solomon, George Mitchell and Sarah Mitchell

George Solomon, 38, was to be freed after 5/1/1820; George Mitchell, 12, after 12/31/1834; and Sarah Mitchell, 10, after 12/31/1832.

Jacob Hoffman

I-2:447

5/15/1820

William Douglass Simms

Charles Chase

Chase had been purchased for $100 from the Richard Wallach, the administrator of the estate of Charles Simms, 5/14/1820.

George A. Bibby, Richard Veitch

I-2:499-500

5/24/1820

Simon Summers

Daniel Dade and his wife, Sucky [Sukey]

 

George S. Hough, Joseph Eaches

K-2:144

5/31/1820

Benoni Wheat

Letty

Letty, 28, "of dark complexion and ordinary size," was formerly the property of Justenian Jordan, deceased, "and became my property by my intermarriage with Mary Napler Jordan, his daughter."

Thomas Mount, Thomas Preston

I-2:499

8/11/1820

Mary Fletcher

Spencer Burrell

Burrell had been purchased from William Tyler 5/14/1820.

Robert J. Taylor, Adam Zimmerman

K-2:171

9/8/1820

John H. Crease, executor of estate of Anthony Crease [Jr.]

Milly Davis and her children, Patty, Sarah and Jane/ $350

The family's freedom was purchased by Thomas Davis, a free black and Milly's husband, in accordance with a contract made with Anthony Crease.

Edward Stabler, Thomas W. Bond

K-2:155

9/11/1820

Delia Clark (free black)

Julia Gray

Gray was Clark's daughter, purchased from the administrator of the estate of Matthew Robinson.

William Ludwell Hodgson, Mountjoy Bayly, Jr., John P. Cowman

R-2:249

9/18/1820

Hugh Smith

Sylvia

Sylvia was formerly the property of Andrew Jamieson.

None

L-2:62

10/27/1820

William Roberts

Catherine Hamilton

Hamilton was Roberts' sister.

Mordecai Miller, John S. Miller

L-2:326

12/15/1820

Zenas Kinzey

David Jarbour/ $300

 

Charles C. Smoot, Lewis W. Plum

K-2:205

12/15/1820

Jacob Hoffman

Anthony Minor, Fortune Minor and Pleasant James

Anthony Minor was 34 years old, Fortune Minor was 32, and Pleasant James, 38. All we to go free 1/1/1821.

None

K-2:398

1/1/1821

Thomas

Sylvia Williams and her daughter, Jane

 

David Smedley, John Douglass

K-2:433

1/27/1821

William Rhodes

William Amagen

"together with the principles of humanity, and opposition to slavery," Rhodes freed Amagen (44 years of age).

Robert G. Glenn, Joshua Talbert, Samuel Pendred

L-2:58

1/30/1821

Jonathan Chambers

Manuel

 

Richard H. Litle, Burr W. Powell

R-2:228

2/8/1821

Harry Darnell

Tabitha "Tabby" Minor

 

Richard H. Litle, Jonathan Janney, Burr W. Powell

Q-2:282

4/21/1821

Christopher Frye

William Soloman (or Solomon)

Soloman to be free after 5/1/1821.

Jonathan Janney, Israel Janney, Jr.

L-2:18

6/1/1821

Thomas Janney

Letty [Jackson]

Letty, who had been purchased from John J. Frobel [of Fairfax Co., VA], was to go free 6/1/1825.

 

M-2:50

6/5/1821

Jonathan Butcher

Joseph Fitzgerald

 

Charles McKnight, Basil B. Hopkins

L-2:79

6/6/1821

Ezra Kinzey

Nancy and her daughters, Milly and Nancy

Nancy was 40 years old, Milly was six, and Nancy, three.

R.T. Roberts, John W. Massie

L-2:81

6/7/1821

Jacob Hoffman

Wilson (or William) Brannan

Brannan, 36, was "in good health, and of respectable Character."

Daniel Minor, John C. Mandell

K-2:454

7/6/1821

Benjamin Waters

Frank

Frank, 46, had been purchased from Henry S. Earl for $250 on 4/6/1815 to serve six years.

Andrew Scholfield, George Scott

N-2:348

9/6/1821

Oliver Jones

Ann [Jones]

Ann had been purchased from Isaac McLain of Fairfax Co., VA 1/21/1818. She had two children, Mary and Ann Elizabeth, also freed by Oliver Jones.

Alexander Moore, Richard H. Clagett

L-2:158

9/6/1821

Oliver Jones

Mary and Ann Elizabeth [Jones]

Mary, three years old, and Ann Elizabeth, one, were the children of Ann, who was also freed by Oliver Jones.

Edmund Jennings Lee, Jr., Charles C. Lee

L-2:158

10/13/1821

Andrew Jamieson [executor of estate of Ninian Anderson?]

Mary [Mary Ann Stoutley] and her children, Sampson and Clara

At the dissolution of the partnership of Jamieson and Anderson ca. 1791, Anderson bought Mary from the partnership for ten years' service and her children, each to free when they reached the age of 28.

Robert Jamieson

N-2:116

11/7/1821

Richard Veitch and John H. Crease, administrators of estate of Anthony Crease

Wesley Vester

Vester was 30 years old.

None

L-2:192

11/8/1821

Robert J. Taylor, trustee for Thomas Montgomery

Jane [Noland] and her son, William [Slade]

Jane an another slave, Kitty, had been security in a 3/2/1813 deed of trust from Montgomery to Taylor.  The agreement provided that if Montgomery's debt were paid, the slaves would be freed. William was born after the deed of trust was executed.

James Keith, Jr., Washington C. Page

L-2:285

12/11/1821

Samuel B. Larmour and John Adam

Tristram H. Garner/ $550

Garner had been purchased 1/9/1821 from George L. Turberville of Fairfax Co., VA for $550.

Edmund Jennings Lee, Jr.

L-2:156-157

12/12/1821

Catharine Campbell

Julia Baker, and her children, Washington, Martha Ann and William Henry

Julia, a 26-year-old mulatto, and her children were freed in accordance with the wishes of James Campbell, Catharine Campbell's deceased husband.

Richard N. Weedon, Nathaniel S. Wise

L-2:200

12/19/1821

James McGuire

Jemima Hamilton

 

Edmund Jennings Lee

L-2:165

1/26/1822

Francis Hagen

Nell (Whittier)

Nell, 37, was the wife of Peter Whittier, a free African American.

Nathaniel S. Wise, Isaac George

M-2:73

5/3/1822

Mordecai Miller

Dennis Lewis

Lewis had been purchased from Lydia Moore of Fairfax Co., VA. Lewis was 39 years old, 5'9" or 5'10", "thick set [and] has a scar on his left leg."

Joseph Eaches, William H. Miller

O-2:115

5/7/1822

Elizabeth O. Cracroft

Bet Johnson and her daughter, Eliza

Bet Johnson, 19 was described as "mulatto." Eliza was eight months old.

Michael McCloskey, Robert J. Taylor

M-2:19

5/11/1822

William H.S. Boswell of Prince George's Co., MD

Isaac Mackale [McHale]

Mackale, 25 years old, had resided in Alexandria "for some years past."

Robert J. Taylor, Anthony Rhodes

M-2:1

5/13/1822

George Parker

Jenny Parker

Jenny Parker was about 21 years old (but comparing the manumission and bill of sale suggests that she could have been anywhere from 16 to 23). She had been purchased 3/24/1817 from Jacob Heineman for $375 paid by Parker's father, George Parker, a free African American.

Mann R. Page, Thomas Irwin, Camillus Griffith

M-2:1

5/15/1822

George Parker

Helen Parker

Helen Parker had been purchased 12/18/1813 from George Wiley of Fairfax Co., VA for $300 paid by Parker's father, George Parker, a free African American.

Mann R. Page, Beckwith B. Ashton, Philip H. Minor

M-2:2

5/15/1822

Thomas Vowell

Sarah [Young]

Sarah, described as "black," was the wife of Cato Young.

Mountjoy Bayly, Jr. , Beckwith B. Ashton

M-2:72

5/16/1822

Robert J. Taylor, trustee for Thomas Montgomery

Catherine "Kitty" Foote

Foote was security in a 3/2/1813 deed of trust from Montgomery to Taylor. The agreement provided that if Montgomery's debt were paid, the slaves would be freed.

James Keith, Jr., Washington C. Page

L-2:287

5/31/1822

Sinah B. Porter

Charles

 

George Zimmerman, Adam Zimmerman

M-2:366

6/11/1822

Craven Peyton Thompson

Rebecca Reily

Reily, a mulatto born in Virginia ca. 1796, had been purchased 6/1817 from Jonah Thompson, executor of the estate of Nancy Griffith.

Edmund Jennings Lee

L-2:464

9/9/1822

John Whiting

Harriet Bombay

Bombay was described as "mulatto."

John West, John W. Palmon, Alexander Lammond

M-2:262

9/13/1822

Charles Chapin, trustee of Dr. Thomas Simms

Lewis Weston/ $400

Simms put Weston in trust to Chapin 8/24/1818 to secure a debt.

John A. Stewart, James Millan

M-2:213

1/4/1823

Fanny Thomas of Loudon Co., VA ("late of Alexandria," free black)

Fanny Brooks and her two children, Francis and Elizabeth

Fanny Thomas was the mother of Fanny Brooks and purchased her from Baily Washington for $175. Francis was one year old, and Elizabeth one month old.

Mountjoy Bayly, Jr.; Beckwith B. Ashton, William F. Lee

N-2:51

4/5/1823

John Hunter

Sam Brown, Dennis Hackett ("Hatchett"), Luke Lee, and Lucy

Brown was 50; Hackett, 52, a "mulatto"; Lee was 38; and Lucy, 40 was the wife of Lewis Campbell who was the property of Bryan Hampson. They were all to be freed at Hunter's death.

Joseph H. Hampson, Michael McCloskey

M-2:463

4/5/1823

John Hunter

Alick [Alexander Douglass]

Alick, 12, was the son of Lucy Campbell. Alick was to be freed twelve years after Hunter's death. "It is my desire that the said Alick should be taught or instructed in some art or trade, for and towards his better support and maintenance…I…bind out the said Alick to my son Rob[er]t W. Hunter, to learn the art trade or mystery of a ship Carpenter, or ship Builder, the said Alick after the manner of an apprentice to dwell with and serve the said Robert W. Hunter…"

Joseph H. Hampson, Michael McCloskey

M-2:463

4/5/1823

Leonard Marbury

Maria [Dogan]

Maria, a mulatto girl, was left to Marbury by his father.

Alexander Moore, John H. Ladd, John H. Crease

O-2:435

4/15/1823

Ambrose Vasse

Janney (or Jenny)

"in consideration of a principle of Humanity & a regard for the natural rights of all men..."

Abraham Faw

N-2:315

5/13/1823

Colin Auld

William "Will" Williams

Williams had been purchased from John King, executor of Helen G. Hine.

None

M-2:400

6/2/1823

Thomas Julius (free black?)

Hannah

Hannah, 25, was purchased from Samuel Collard of Fairfax Co., VA for $309 on 12/12/1812. She was to go free 6/2/1826.

William F. Lee, Beckwith B. Ashton

N-2:114-115

8/13/1823

Basil H. Davidson

Athelia and her two sons, Thomas Oscar and Dennis Bourbon

 

Jesse T. Ramsay, Newton Keene

P-2:32

11/12/1823

Maria H. Daingerfield

Araminta Webster/ $400

 

Edward Daingerfield,

Bathurst Daingerfield

N-2:84

11/21/1823

Thomas Vowell

Nancy Brent

Brent, 40, was wife of Moses Brent and was purchased by Mrs. Charles Vowell from the estate of Daniel Douglass.

Thomas Pollard, John Douglass

N-2:252

11/22/1823

John Douglass

Betsy Triplett

Triplett was born in Alexandria and was the wife of Austin Triplett. She had been purchased by Mrs. Thomas Vowell from the estate of Douglass' father, Daniel Douglass, then given to Douglass. Douglass reserved a right to any children "she may have."

None

N-2:255

12/10/1823

Allan Macrae

John Harris

 

None

N-2:343

12/16/1823

Thomas G. Slye of Washington Co., DC

Harry and Pressy/ $20

Harry, 44 years old, and Pressy, 45, were both "able to work and gain a sufficient livelihood and maintenance…" The manumission was recorded in Alexandria 12/13/1825.

Bernard Spalding

P-2:209

5/7/1824

Robert J. Taylor

Fanny Martin

Martin was 31 years old.

Phineas Janney, Noblet Herbert

N-2:335

5/14/1824

Daniel Dade

Sina Roberts

Roberts, 45, was 5'4" tall and freed "in consideration of faithful services."

Abraham Faw

N-2:323

5/26/1824

Edmund Jennings Lee

Rachel Curtis/ $130

 

Peter E. Hoffman, Augustus Butts, John Hoffman

Q-2:235

6/12/1824

James Entwisle

Jemima Brown/ $50

Brown was 40 years old.

George W. Smoot, Robert W. Hunter

N-2:518

6/22/1824

Robert Jamieson

Simon Turley

Turley had been purchased from George H. Terrett by Andrew Jamieson in 1817. Turley was freed when he paid back the purchase money.

None

N-2:542

6/23/1824

Charles McKnight

Lewis Carey

Carey was formerly the property of William McKnight.

Jonathan Butcher, George B. Grubb

N-2:437

6/28/1824

John Corse

Susan

Susan, a mulatto woman, was formerly the property of Colin Hunter and was purchased from Hunter's trustee, Basil H. Davidson.

Edmund Jennings Lee

N-2:438

8/25/1824

Mark Henson

Betsey Henson

In consideration of his "love and affection…"

Charles Bennett, R.T. Roberts, Stanislaus Murray

O-2:38

10/23/1824

George Graham of Washington, DC

Gustavus Gibson

Gibson was a mulatto man.

Edmund Jennings Lee

O-2:51

11/27/1824

Lewis Carey (free black)

Jacob Henry

Henry, about one year old or less, was purchased from Joseph Smith. He was to go free when he reached 21, 12/25/1844.

Charles McKnight

O-2:162

11/29/1824

Samuel Carson

William Lyle(s)

 

Edmund Jennings Lee

O-2:170

12/17/1824

Isaac Clark(e) (free black)

Ambrose (Clark)

Ambrose was Isaac Clark's son and had been purchased from Benjamin Dulany.

Reuben Johnston, Jr., Beckwith B. Ashton

O-2:58

12/18/1824

Noblet Herbert

Sylvia and her daughter, Jenny/ $200

 

Edmund Jennings Lee

O-2:61

4/19/1825

Adelaide Hellen

Anna Pratt/ $30

 

William Yeaton, Newton Keene

O-2:307

5/3/1825

Thomas Preston

Fanny Grinage

 

None

Q-2:143

6/24/1825

Thomas, James, Joseph, Caleb, William, John, Samuel and Isaac Birch and Elizabeth Taylor, the children and heirs of Joseph Birch

Ailce and her children, Fanny, Betsey [Primus] and James; Betsey's son, Henry; and Sarah [Sarah Taylor Carter], the child of Ailce's deceased daughter, Winny

 

Matthew Johnson, James Walker

R-2:367

7/23/1825

Jesse Scott of Prince William Co., VA and James English

Hannah Bruce

Hannah, 38, a mulatto, was the wife of Daniel Bruce. Scott had sold her to James Anderson for 12 years' service, and Anderson sold her to English for the remainder of that term. However, Daniel Bruce bought the remainder of her service from English.

Thomson F. Mason, James D. Kerr, Nicholas R. Fitzhugh

O-2:491

7/23/1825

William Lanphier

Chaney Jackson

Jackson had been purchased from Benjamin D. Patterson 4/14/1813 and was freed in "consideration of the inviolate justice I owe to all mankind…"

Edward Stabler, Thomas S. Stabler, Robinson Stabler

Q-2:394

12/8/1825

John Adam, administrator of estate of Mary Barry

Hannah

Hannah was freed in accordance with provision of sale from the executors of Robert Townshend Hooe (James H. Hooe and John Muncaster) to Mary Barry.

Thomas Peyton, Jr., James Taylor Ramsay

P-2:205

12/17/1825

Edward Stabler

Sally and her infant child

Sally, 26, and her child were purchased from Eleanor C. Stuart 12/17/1825.

William Stabler, Robert H. Miller

Q-2:48,86

2/9/1826

Milly Middleton

David Middleton

David Middleton was purchased from Catharine Payne of Fairfax Co., VA 10/1825. He was now freed "in consideration of the many favours and kind offices I have received from him, and for the affection and favour I bear towards him…"

George S. Hough, William Cowen

P-2:376

4/10/1826

Ambrose Vasse

Emeline [or Eveline Vasse], Alfred [Triplett] and Charles

Emeline was 12 years old, Alfred (or "Alfrett") was 9, and Charles, 7.

Edward Stabler, William Stabler, William H. Miller

P-2:377-378

5/5/1826

Robert J. Taylor

Nelly Magustus

Magustus had been purchased from Col. Armistead Long of Culpeper Co., VA.

Phineas Janney, Charles Page

P-2:376

6/7/1826

Mary Ann Wise of Prince George's Co., MD (late of Alexandria)

Robert Turley

Turley was to go free at age 21, 12/8/1836. In the meantime, Wise permits Simon Turley, Robert's father, to bind out his son and to keep the proceeds thereof.

Thomas Jacobs, Thomas E. Jacobs

P-2:520

6/27/1826

James Middleton

John Thomas Peters

Peters was born 3/13/1823, the son of Isaac and Malinda Peters and formerly the property of James Parsons.  He was purchased from Isaac Robbins, the administrator of the Parsons estate.

James Vansant, William Morgan, Richard Shackleford

R-2:468

8/26/1826

Lucy Fowler of Fairfax Co., VA for herself and as administratrix of her brother, John Richards

Rebecca S.J. Fox

Fox, 9, was raised in the family of John Richards and belonged to him. She was freed 2/2/1826.

Thomas Fowler, Dennis Johnston

P-2:499

9/18/1826

Archibald O. Douglass

Benjamin Woodward

 

James Douglass, Jr., William Harper, Jr.

P-2:462

11/16/1826

Sarah Harper

Henry

Henry had served out his time, according to an indenture dated 6/26/1795 and expiring 6/26/1826.

William Harper, Andrew Bartle

P-2:417

11/27/1826

Rev. William H. Wilmer

Maria [Hughes] and her children, Tamer [Jackson], Henry [Delly], George [Medella], Thornton, Armistead [Medella], and Lewis

The slaves were sold to Mrs. Hannah Somers for fixed terms of service. Maria, 25, was to be free 1/1/1827. Her children were each to be freed at the age of 21, including Tamer, born about 1/1/1816; Henry, born 11/14/1818; George, born 7/12/1821; Thornton, born 2/16/1823; Armistead, born 8/1/1824; Lewis, born 12/12/1825.

John C. Mandell, Isaac Cannell, Daniel Morgan

Q-2:56

12/3/1826

William Gibson, Moses Gibson, Susannah Garner Gibson, John Logan, James Bowles, Joseph Gibson and Esther Gibson, heirs of Isaac Gibson

Alfred Clark

Clark, a "boy," was born in Alexandria.

John W. Massie, William S. Massie, John W. Minor, Benjamin Hoge, Jacob Douglas, Samuel Bowles, Alfred Logan, Isham Bushrod, C. Bonner

Q-2:155

12/6/1826

William A. Williams

Ann/ $100

Richard Stanton bought Ann, 12, the daughter of Rachel Curtis, from Williams to serve until she reached the age of 25. Any children she had would be free at age 21, but none would be sold out of DC.

Peter E. Hoffman, Samuel Cockrell, John Hoffman

Q-2:235

12/13/1826

William Solomon (free black?)

Townsend (or Townshend) Solomon

Townsend had been purchased from Christopher Frye the same day, 12/13/1826 (suggesting that the Solomons were relatives).

Benjamin Waters, Jonathan Janney

T-2:428

1/26/1827

William Fowle and Henry Daingerfield

Lewis Campbell, Julia [McIntosh], Letty, Eliza [Palmer?]

The men "out of our desire to confer a Boon and benefit upon our Slaves" freed Campbell, 50; Julia, 25; Letty, 16; and Eliza, 9.

Benjamin H. Lambert, William H. Fowle

Q-2:117

4/12/1827

Harriet M[ason] Lloyd

Mildred Jackson/ $150

Jackson was 43 years old.

Thomson F. Mason, Henry Loyd

Q-2:48

4/26/1827

Isaac Clark(e) (free black)

Abarilla Clark

Abarilla was the daughter of Isaac Clark, purchased from Mrs. Rebecca Dulany.

None

Q-2:117

5/3/1827

William Syphax (free black)

Lydia, Frances, Sally, Judy [and Eliza] Syphax

Lydia was 53 years old; Frances was 27; Sally, 25; Judy, 23; [and Eliza, 20].

Edward Stabler, William Stabler

Z-2:123

5/3/1827

Edward Stabler

Sally and her child

Stabler freed Sally, 25, and her infant "from a desire to restore [them] to their natural Right of Liberty…" Stabler had bought Sally from Eleanor C. Stuart 12/17/1825.

William Stabler, Robert H. Miller

Q-2:48,86

5/14/1827

John Whiting

Ellen Cole and her daughter, Louisa Cole/ $70

 

Philip Hellvigte, James Kavanaugh

Q-2:370

5/28/1827

Francis Hoy

Betsy Bond/ $12.50

Bond had been purchased from James Clare.

L[uther?] Chamberlain, James Clare

Q-2:346

6/13/1827

Mary Green Hardy of Prince George's Co., MD

Selina [Stepney] and her children, Charlotte, [John] William, Emeline, Amy and Uriah [Stepney]

Selina was 35 years old, Charlotte was 14, William 12, Emeline, 10, Amy, 7, and Uriah, 4.

John L. Hampson, Basil B. Hampson

Q-2:370

7/11/1827

William Veitch

Nicholas Snowden

Snowden was about 30 years old.

Thomson F. Mason

Q-2:375

11/7/1827

Harry Darnell

William Minor

Minor, 13, was described as a "bright mulatto," and was the son of Tabby Minor.

William Cranch

Q-2:282

11/12/1827

Thomas Vowell

Joseph Williams

Williams, 20, was born in Alexandria at Vowell's home on Water [Lee] Street, the son of Edmund and Sylvia Williams.   [Sylvia Williams and her daughter Jane had been freed by Vowell 1/1/1827. ]

William Cranch

Q-2:176

11/16/1827

Maria Blue and Robert and Britannia Bell, heirs of George Haley

Daniel Haley [aka Daniel H. Smith], Alfred Haley, Patty (Haley) Nelson, Cecelia Nelson, George Nelson

In 1805 George Haley, a free black, purchased his wife, Tillah, and her two daughters, Charlotte and Patty, from Benjamin Dulany of Charles Co., MD 9/10/1805 for $200. Haley died intestate 8/1/1809 without manumitting them, as was his intention. Tillah had since died. Charlotte had also died, leaving sons Daniel Haley, 13, and Alfred Haley, 16.   Patty Haley Nelson, 30, had two children, Cecelia Nelson, 8, and George Nelson, 4.

Edmund Jennings Lee

Q-2:329-330

11/17/1827

Peter Loggins (free black)

Janney [Jackson] and her child, Sally [Loggins or Logan], and grandchildren, Georgeanna, Creaseanna and John

Loggins was Janney's father (and therefore great-grandfather to Georgeanna, Creaseanna and John) and purchased Janney from Bernard Bryan when she was 7 years old.

None

Q-2:209

11/19/1827

Andrew and Catherine Ramsay

John Gibson/ $400

Gibson's freedom was purchased by his father, Gustavus Gibson.

Jane Turnball, Elizabeth M. Ramsay, Alexander Henderson

Q-2:311

4/6/1828

Townshend Waugh

Jane Ross

"believing that to hold a human being to unconditional and involuntary slavery, is contrary to justice and humanity…" Waugh freed Ross, 42.

None

Q-2:488

5/5/1828

Solomon Parsons

Mayfield/ $400

Mayfield, 60 and "black," had belonged to the estate of John Coffee of Fairfax Co., VA and was sold by Coffee's administrator, Henry Gunnel, to Coffee's widow, Mary. Mary Coffee died 1816. Parsons bought Mayfield at an auction of Mary Coffee's estate for $400, and Mayfield eventually paid him back.

Robert H. Miller, Samuel Miller

Q-2:500

9/23/1828

Mary and Elizabeth Gordon

Benjamin Crier

 

William Ludwell Hodgson, Otterbine Hoffman, Henry Stabler

A-3:332

10/10/1828

George Lindenburger Mackenheimer and Elizabeth Mackenheimer

Richard Knight

Knight was to go free at age 21, 7/23/1836.

Washington C. Page, William Page

R-2:24

11/8/1828

Robert Jamieson

Simon Turley and his wife, Jane Turley, and her four children, Maria Ann, Thomas, John and George Turley

The Turleys were freed in accordance with an agreement between the late Andrew Jamieson and Simon Turley.  The ages of the children were as follow: Maria Ann, 12; Thomas, 4; John, 2; and George, five weeks.

W. Crump

R-2:52

11/11/1828

Reuben Johnston

[Alexander] "Sandy" Butts

 

Edmund Jennings Lee

R-2:65

11/14/1828

Charles McKnight

James Townshend

 

James Carson, Alexander Moore

R-2:84

11/15/1828

Mordecai Miller

Henry Nokes

Nokes was about 28 years old.

Robert J. Taylor, Christopher Neale

R-2:90

11/29/1828

Henry Darnell (free black)

Mary, Charles, Priscilla and Henry Darnell

Mary, 22; Charles, 20; Priscilla, 18; and Henry, 16, were the children of Henry Darnell.

William Sidwell Hodgson, Peter E. Hoffman

R-2:149

1/5/1829

Charles McKnight

Carolus Anthony Chin

Chin, 26, was a mulatto whom McKnight "had sold to the late John B. Paton, deceased, for a term of years, which term has now expired…"

Thomas Brocchus, John Muir

R-2:240

1/26/1829

John Childs

Rose

Rose, 17, was conveyed to Childs' daughter, Mary G. Wren. She was to go free at age 21, and any offspring she might have would have to serve until they reached age 25.

Thomas Jacobs, James Vansant, John S. Emerson

R-2:248

4/18/1829

James P. Coleman

Harriet Ann Dyson

Dyson was 17 years old.

Aaron D. Harmon, John L. Pascoe

R-2:176

5/27/1829

Jacob Hoffman

Clary and her children, William, Elizabeth and Martha Ann

Hoffman had sold Clary to Samuel Harper for a term of ten years in 1813. Harper sold her to Reuben Dye; Dye sold her to Jonathan C. May; May sold her to Thomas Patton; Patton sold her to Mr. Henderson of Washington, DC; Henderson sold her to John C. Wilson; and Wilson sold her to Mr. Golden.  Clary was freed at the end of her term (1823), but was referred to Hoffman for her freedom papers.   At the time this paper was executed, Clary had three children, William, 9, Elizabeth, 3, and Martha Ann, seven months old.

William Simms, Charles Bennett

S-2:14

6/5/1829

Caesar Valentine

William Caesar, Priscilla Washington and Eliza Whiting

 

Samuel W. Scholfield

R-2:483

6/5/1829

Caesar Valentine

John Henry Richards, Samuel L. Williams, Cecelia Whiting, Thomas Wesley Whiting, Alexander Washington, and Murray Fairfax

Each slave was to go free at the age of 21. Richards, the son of Priscilla Washington, was born 8/1813. Williams was born 8/1814. Cecelia Whiting was born 7/4/1822 and Thomas Whiting 2/1825. At the time of this instrument, Alexander Washington was 2 years old, and Murray Fairfax was 2 months old.

Samuel W. Scholfield

R-2:482

9/26/1829

William H. Fitzhugh and Mary L. Custis

Nelson Harris

Harris ("man") had been sold to Edward Stabler by Custis and Fitzhugh with the intent of freeing him, but the bill of sale was lost.

Rosalie E. Stuart, Eleanor C. Stuart

S-2:387

11/4/1829

Dr. James S. Gunnell (dentist) of Washington, DC

Anzy [Brown]

Anzy, 14 was "a pale mulatto."

Edward Stabler, William Stabler

R-2:441

11/12/1829

Hugh Smith, Hugh C. Smith and Thomas Smith

Thomas Valentine

Valentine, formerly owned by John Swann, was a potter by trade.

Edmund Jennings Lee

R-2:466

11/24/1829

Colin Auld

Flora Johnson

Johnson, 22, had been purchased from Frederick Foote.

John Ramsay

R-2:308

12/20/1829

Elizabeth O. Cracroft

Grace Marvel

Marvel was 28 years old.

John Washington, William Washington

R-2:517

12/30/1829

Elizabeth Turner of Fairfax Co., VA

Alexander Bryan/ $200

 

None

LVA

1/8/1830

Peggy Ashton

Edward Oldham

Oldham, 39, stood 5'8½" tall, with a "bald head, black skin, with a mole on the left eye lid."

Stephen Shinn, James D. Bryan

S-2:110

3/4/1830

Robert H. Miller

Maria Craney and Oliver Edwards

Craney, 18, had been purchased from B.H. Lewis, and Edwards had been purchased from Joseph B. Ladd.

Jonathan Butcher, Charles Ross, Nathaniel E. Janney

S-2:112

3/19/1830

John Moran

Cornelius Watson [or Wilson]/ $150

 

Christopher Neale, John Rumney, Langhorne Dade

S-2:117

3/26/1830

Isaac Clark(e) (free black)

Delia

Delia had been the slave of Benjamin Dulany late of Fairfax Co., VA. On 5/1/1813, Clark had purchased her from Timothy Winn, who had, in turn, bought her from Dulany.

Cassius F. Lee, Thomas Preston

S-2:14

4/23/1830

John W. Massey

Jane "Jenny" Barney

Barney was formerly owned by William Foote of Fauquier Co., VA.

John Washington, John M. Johnson

S-2:124

5/10/1830

Robert Anderson

Calvin Jones

Anderson sold Jones ("mulatto") to Robert Jamieson, requiring that Jones be set free 8/10/1831 and not to be removed from DC in the meantime.

John Eveleth

S-2:696

6/4/1830

John Roberts

Harriet [Brooks]

Harriet was about 40 years of age.

John B. Hancock, James Birch

T-2:19

6/9/1830

Harriet Mason Lloyd

Jane Elizabeth Simpson/ $250

Milly Jackson Washington bought the freedom of Simpson, 11.

Henry Lloyd, Dennis Johnston, Wesley Carlin

S-2:407

9/6/1830

James Irwin

Mirian Seals and her children, Marsolina and William Henry Seals/ $220

 

Alexander Moore, R.J.T. Wilson, Francis F. Marbury

S-2:436

10/4/1830

William Morgan

William Morrison/ $175

Morrison was purchased from Thomas Sanford 7/27/1829 for $175.

Cassius F. Lee, John L. Hampson

S-2:216

11/6/1830

Simon Darne

Daniel Peter West

West was about 60 years old.

Edmund Jennings Lee

S-2:434

11/11/1830

William Fowle

John Payne

 

C[harles?] Scott, Cassius F. Lee

S-2:215

11/12/1830

Thomas Vowell, Samuel B. Larmour and John C. Vowell

William Ross

 

Robert Jamieson, John Eveleth, Lewis Hooff

A-3:135

11/13/1830

Charlotte Vowell and John Douglass, trustee of Thomas Vowell

Nelly [Taylor] and her daughter, Christy

Thomas Vowell had put the slaves in trust in 1827.

Jonathan Shillaber, Archibald O. Douglass, George Brown

X-2:241

11/19/1830

Maria Blue (free black)

Maria Morris

Blue, a free black, had purchased Morris, her daughter, from Thomas Triplett.

Cassius F. Lee, Nathaniel Wattles

S-2:216

11/22/1830

Thomas Preston

Somerset Chase

Preston bought Chase from John Wales for a ten-year term of service beginning 1/1/1805.   Preston then sold him to Joseph Dean for the remainder of the term.

William A. Harper, William H. Lovell, Edmund Jennings Lee

S-2:413

11/24/1830

Ezra Lunt

Joseph and Letty Frazer

Joseph Frazer, 42, was the husband of Letty, 40.

None

S-2:363

11/27/1830

Robert Jamieson

Dennis Carpenter

Carpenter, 31, was freed in accordance with the terms of a bill of sale from Thomas Vowell to the late Andrew Jamieson.

Edmund Jennings Lee

S-2:407

3/1/1831

Richard H. Henderson, executor of Thomas R. Mott of Loudon Co., VA

Letty/ $100

 

James D. Kerr, Nicholas Cleary

S-2:545

4/23/1831

Mary and William Stabler, administrators of estate of Edward Stabler

Libby

Libby was 33 years old.

Thomas S. Stabler, John Leadbeater

S-2:544

4/25/1831

James M. Stewart

David Brooks/ $200

Brooks was "mulatto."

Edmund Jennings Lee

S-2:545

6/28/1831

Henry Darnell

Jane Grayson

Grayson, 35, had been purchased from Mary W. Butts for $250 3/5/1831.

Cassius F. Lee, Robert H. Lloyd, John L. Hampson

S-2:534

T-2:4

10/1831

Richard Southern

Lidia (Lydia)

Lidia, 21, was described as a "mulatto."

None

T-2:5

10/19/1831

Isaac Clark(e) (free black)

Ellen Lomax and her children, David, Sarah Ann, Margaret, Ann Eliza, Delilah, Julia, Caroline, Elias and Hiram

Isaac Clarke was the father of Ellen Lomax. Lomax was purchased from Benjamin Dulany, formerly of Shooter's Hill, Fairfax Co., VA. Her children, whose ages follow, were born since the purchase: David, 18; Sarah Ann, 16; Margaret, 13; Ann Eliza, 12; Delilah, 8; Julia, 7; Caroline, 3; Elias, 4; and Hiram, 8 months.

Robert J. Taylor, Levi Hurdle, Edward Burchill, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

T-2:1

11/7/1831

Mary and William Stabler, administrators of estate of Edward Stabler

Nelson Harris

Harris had been purchased from William H. Fitzhugh and Mary L. Custis.

Thomas J. Stabler, David H. Reed

S-2:691

1/6/1832

Joseph Humphreys (free black)

Julia Ann Mandeville

Julia, a "mulatto girl," had been purchased from James L. McKenna by Humphreys, the husband of her mother, Venus Humphreys.

George H. Smoot, William Ludwell Hodgson, George Wise

T-2:245

1/15/1832

Judith Ball Blackburn of Fairfax Co., VA

Joe, his wife, Malvina, and their child, Rachel

Blackburn sold Joe, 50, Malvina, 28, and Rachel, 2, for one year's service to Ezra Lunt for $50. They were then to go free.

John Lloyd, Cassius F. Lee

T-2:330

1/17/1832

Judith Ball Blackburn of Fairfax Co., VA

Crissy (aka Priscilla)

Crissy ("girl") was sold by Blackburn to Catharine Fleming of Alexandria for $50. Crissy was to serve for five years and then go free.

Francis Rutherford, Cassius F. Lee, John Lloyd

T-2:329

5/1/1832

John Adams of Loudon Co., VA

Nelly and her children— Betsey Honesty, Samuel Hyson, Delilah, Juliann, Lewis, Spencer and Thornton—and her other children or descendants, Mary, Delilah, Ann Cornelia, George, James and John William

Adams had purchased Nelly from John Childs with the provision that she would be freed at age 21. This instrument confirms her freedom and that of her children. Betsey, Samuel, Delilah, Juliann, Lewis, Spencer and Thornton were the children of Nelly and Henry Honesty.

Thomson F. Mason, William Minor, William Ludwell Hodgson

T-2:290

5/30/1832

Lydia Middleton

Samuel

Samuel, 2, son of Anney ("mulatto girl"), was to go free when he reached the age of 21.

Richard W. Windsor, John P. Cowman

U-2:48

7/1/1832

James Entwisle

John Brown and his sister, Lucy Brown

John, 22, and Lucy, 20, were to go free in one year (7/1/1833).

Thomas M. Davis, James Irwin, William M. Morrison

U-2:64

8/9/1832

Moses O.B. Cawood

Thomas Diggs

Manumission to take effect 1/1/1840.

George Gruber (or Gruver), Jeremiah Hauptman, Christopher Neale

T-2:393

8/30/1832

Chaney Jackson (free black)

Fanny Jackson

Fanny, 16 (born 3/31/1816), was Chaney's daughter. She had been purchased from William Lanphier and William Lanphier, Jr. 8/30/1832. She was to be free from 3/31/1841. [Lanphier was also Chaney Jackson's former master.]

 

U-2:86

9/13/1832

Chaney Jackson (free black)

Rhaner Jackson

Rhaner (born 10/1/1818) was Chaney's daughter. She was to be free at age 25 (10/1/1843).

William Lanphier, William Lanphier, Jr., Edward S. Hough, William Stabler

U-2:87

9/15/1832

Richard H. Clagett

Lucy Hepburn

Lucy was the wife of Anderson Hepburn.

William Page, Horatio B. Clagett

U-2:15

11/15/1832

William Lanphier

Henry and Mary Jackson

Henry Jackson was to go free at age 30 (6/10/1843), and Mary Jackson was to go free at 25 (3/13/1836).  Lanphier had already sold the remainder of their terms of service to Joel Ellis of Hampshire Co., VA.

Robert J. Taylor, William H. Miller

U-2:88

1/15/1833

Ezra Lunt

Joe [Mitchell], his wife, Malvina [Mitchell], and their children, Rachel [Mitchell] and an infant

The family had been purchased from Judith B. Blackburn of Jefferson Co., VA.

Cassius F. Lee, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

U-2:143

3/26/1833

John D. Harrison

Hannah [Reid or Reed]

Leonard and Rebecca H. Cook sold Hannah to Jacob Bontz and John D. Harrison 3/13/1824. She was to serve until age 28 (7/4/1831). Bontz relinquished his interest in Harrison's favor 11/22/1827.

None

U-2:571

4/22/1833

Tristram H. Garner

Fincastle Garner

Fincastle had been purchased from the executor of Daniel Grinnan 12/15/1830.

Cassius F. Lee, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

U-2:165

5/10/1833

William H. Irwin

Richard Middleton

Middleton, 38, had been purchased from the heirs of Vincent Askins Irwin.

Benjamin Hooe, Cassius F. Lee

U-2:168

5/14/1833

John W. Smith

Mary Bowman and her child, Rachel

Mary had been purchased from Jesse Talbot of Maryland. Rachel was two years old.

Cassius F. Lee, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

U-2:218

5/24/1833

Samuel Miller

Daniel Gibson

Gibson was 25 years old.

Robert H. Miller, Nathaniel E. Janney, Charles Ross

U-2:131

6/3/1833

James M. Stewart

Ann Brooks and her child, Ann Ophelia

Brooks was the daughter of Stewart's former slave, Clara. Brooks had been purchased from O.P. Finley to serve a term of seven years.

Thomas W. Hewitt, E. Mason

U-2:292

6/19/1833

Alexander McKenzie

Harriet

Harriet ("black"), the daughter of Silvey, belonged to Anthony Crease. Crease agreed 5/1818 to free her after 20 year's service, after she reached age 25. If she had any children in the meantime, the males would be freed at age 28 and the females at 25. Crease died, and his son and administrator, John H. Crease, sold the rest of her term of service to McKenzie 6/18/1833.

Frederick A. Koones, Robert Conway, Jr., William Cowing

U-2:440

H-2:318

8/7/1833

Frederick Vaccari

Ann Berry

Berry had been purchased from Henry Chatham for sixteen months service to end 6/1832.

James H. Chatham

U-2:494

10/10/1833

James Townshend (free black)

Caroline Townshend and her children, William Henry, Eliza, Sophia, James, Caroline and Sarah

Caroline Townshend was the wife of James Townshend. James bought the entire family from Richard H. Henderson of Loudon Co., VA 10/10/1833.  The children's ages were as follow: William Henry, 9; Eliza, 7; Sophia, 5; James, 4; Caroline, 3; and Sarah, 3 months.

Reuben Johnston, Jr., R.J.T. Wilson

U-2:409

10/10/1833

Robert Jamieson

Kitty White, Francis Washington, Joseph Feirel, Peter Brown and Albert Rookard

The ages of the freed slaves were as follow: White, 36; Washington, 41; Feirel, 41; Brown, 29; and Rookard, 24.

Robert Conway, John Eveleth

U-2:495

10/10/1833

Jonathan Janney

Dorcas and Maria Turley

Dorcas Turley was about 44 years old, and Maria was about 24.

Edmund Jennings Lee

U-2:402

10/14/1833

Stephen Shinn

Lucy and Lucinda Oldham

Lucy was 37 years old and Lucinda was 18.

Thomas Latimer, James Dempsey

U-2:410

12/5/1833?

Wilson Miles Cary (or Carey) of VA

William [Cooke]

Cary conveyed William to (trustee?) Orlando Fairfax of Washington, DC, with the intention "to allow…William…to purchase his freedom on certain conditions…" If William could pay Fairfax $400 a year in $100 annual instyallments from 1/1/1834, the money would be paid to Cary, and William would be free. Otherwise, he would be reconveyed to Cary. The agreement was executed in Baltimore and recorded in Alexandria 5/15/1835.

John Gill, T.N. Nours

V-2:425

1/1/1834

Elisabeth Cocke

Sally Minor

 

Peter E. Hoffman, George Hoffman

V-2:51

3/17/1834

Joseph B. Blunt

Parthenia

Blunt sold Parthenia to James Johnston for $64 to serve until she reached the age of 28. Parthenia was born 2/1/1824.

James Dunlap, Smith Minor

U-2:485

3/27/1834

Robert H. Miller

Dennis Walker

Walker had been purchased from Miller's father, Mordecai Miller, 3/23/1832.

Cassius F. Lee, Edmund Jennings Lee

V-2:204

3/30/1834

Landon Shavers (free black)

Lavinia (Shavers)

Lavinia was Landon's wife.

William Ludwell Hodgson, George Dale

V-2:31

6/2/1834

Silas H. Reed

Celia [Williams] and her child, Irenus

Celia had been purchased 9/1/1832 from W.H. Thompson, attorney for A.W. Nailor, with an agreement that she would go free when she paid back the $100 price.   Irenus was 20 months old at the time of manumission.

Reuben Johnston, Jr., Edmund Jennings Lee

V-2:28

6/16/1834

Ezra Lunt

Jane [Frazer or Frazier] and her children, Rebecca and Rezin

Jane was 30 years old, Rebecca was 6, and Rezin, 1. The children were grandchildren of Joseph Frazer.

Robert J. Taylor, William Ludwell Hodgson

V-2:29

9/8/1834

William M. McCarty, John M. McCarty and Ann E. Bronaugh

Sandy and Mary Talbert

Talbert, 20 years old, was a "middle sized mulatto man with long straight hair," and his sister, Mary, 18, was described as a "light Coloured mulatto girl with dark straight hair."

None

C-3:54

10/9/1834

Thomas Davey and John Wood

David Williams

Williams, 41, was sold to the men by the other heirs of Wood's mother: Robert Hunter, Benjamin Wood, William Wood, and Susan Wood, Davey's wife.

None

V-2:195

10/15/1834

William Stabler

Burditt Washington

 

Edmund Jennings Lee

V-2:137

11/4/1834

Sinah B. Porter

Williamson Payne

 

George S. Hooe, Harrison Hooe

V-2:516

1/5/1835

Elizabeth B. Winter

Jane Hall

 

Catharine P. Jamieson, Mary Mandeville, Julia Mandeville, Cassius F. Lee, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

V-2:301

1/8/1835

Mary E.B. Allabone

Sarah Jane

Sarah Jane, 10, was sold by Allabone to Jane F. Byrd for $120 to serve for 13 years from 9/20/1834.

Cassius F. Lee, Henry Stabler

V-2:281

1/9/1835

Jonathan Janney and Robert W. Hunter

Manuel Humphries, John Humphries, Cicely Bowden, Manda Bowden, Celia Bowden and Kitty Jackson

The slaves had been purchased from Basil Hatton of Prince George's Co., MD 12/17/1834. Manuel Humphries was about 50 years old, and John Humphries was 7. Cicely Bowden, 27, and Celia Bowden, 13, were described as "light mulatto." Kitty Jackson, 40, was a "mulatto."

Richard T. Janney, Townshend D. Fendall

V-2:271

1/23/1835

Joseph C. Moore

Rosella Potter and her daughter, Lydia Ann/ $380

Their freedom was purchased by William H. Irwin with money contributed by George Potter of Portland, ME.  Rosella was 23 years old and Lydia Ann, 2.

Reuben Johnston, Jr., Cassius F. Lee, William Ludwell Hodgson

V-2:369

4/23/1835

William Fontaine Alexander

Henrietta "Henny" [or Hetty, Tate]

Henny, 35, had been purchased from Edward Russell Lippitt of Fairfax Co., VA 4/22/1835.

Cassius F. Lee, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

V-2:241-242

4/29/1835

Thomson F. Mason

Milly Evans

Evans had served out her term under the provisions of her purchase.

Cassius F. Lee, Robert J. Taylor

V-2:418

5/4/1835

Margaret Garner

Betty Washington

Washington had been purchased from John Hedgemen.

Reuben Johnston, Jr., Charles H. Lee

V-2:300

5/4/1835

Lewis Slander

Winny Slander

Slander, 48, had been purchased from George Johnson 3/13/1830.

Reuben Johnston, Cassius F. Lee

V-2:300

5/7/1835

Jonathan Janney

Fanny Skinner and her daughter, Mary Jane Skinner

Fanny, 31, and Mary Jane, 5, were described as "bright" mulattoes.

Richard T. Janney, Phineas Janney, Jr.

V-2:301

5/20/1835

Jane A. Ramsay

Lucy [Dover] and her children, Mary, Sarah, William and George Dover

Lucy was "mulatto."

G.W.D. Ramsay, Nicholas F. Blacklock

V-2:360

5/21/1835

Colin Auld

William Minor Williams

Williams, 13 years old, was to go free when he reached age 21.

Richard H. Clagett and John Ramsay

A-3:199

6/13/1835

Jonathan Janney

Jane Die

Die was 43 years old.

Cassius F. Lee, Edmund Jennings Lee

V-2:570

9/3/1835

London Warner (aka Lunen Warner)

Jane Payne (aka Jane Warner) and her children, Nicholas, Hannah (Ann) and Jane Warner

Jane had been purchased from the late Richard Veitch before the birth of her children.

Lawrence Hooff, Zenas Kinsey, Jonathan Janney

X-2:11

9/21/1835

George Brent

Ellen Brown/ $357

By agreement, George Mitchell paid the money for Brown's freedom.

Edward Green, James D. Kerr

W-2:263

10/21/1835

Alexander Hunter of Washington, DC

Hannah Lee/ $50

Lee was 43 years old.

Robert J. Taylor, Edmund Jennings Lee

W-2:50

10/22/1835

Silas H. Reed

William [Clagett]

Reed had purchased William from George Coryell 10/1/1822 for $275. William was to serve 8 years.

David Reed, Thomas Taylor

W-2:66

10/24/1835

William Carmichael (free black)

Mary Ann Carmichael and her daughter, Elizabeth

Mary Ann was purchased for $200 from William Simms of Fairfax Co., VA 12/12/1832. Elizabeth was born after that date.

Cassius F. Lee, Charles H. Lee

V-2:425

W-2:64

10/28/1835

Isaac Kell

Fanny

Fanny was 38 years old.

Edmund Jennings Lee, Edward Burchell

V-2:501

11/4/1835

Elizabeth Cocke

Phillis (Phyllis) and her daughter, Mary

Mary was 18 months old.

Peter E. Hoffman, William Henry Irwin

W-2:230

11/24/1835

James McGuire

George Humphries

Humphries was about 30 years old.

George Brent, John Lloyd, Charles Bennett

W-2:99

1/1/1836

Aquilla Lockwood

Mary Jane Billingsly

 

William N. Berkley?, Ephraim Wheeler

A-3:115

3/9/1836

Rebecca Taylor, widow

Pharaoh Nelson

Nelson was 45 years old.

Robert J. Taylor, Anthony P. Gover, Edmund Jennings Lee

W-2:100

4/17/1836

Reuben W. Horner

Lewis Williams

Williams was "for many years a resident of the town of Alexandria."

William B. Richards, William D. Nutt

W-2:98

5/4/1836

Thomas S. Hardy of Prince George's Co., MD

Martha Garrett

Garrett was a "mulatto girl."

Lawrence Hooff, G.W.D. Ramsay

W-2:168

5/7/1836

Simon Summers

Winny [Giverson]

 

Smith Minor, John W. Sommers

W-2:100

5/11/1836

Jonathan Butcher

Esther Gibson

Gibson, 17, was to be freed when she reached age 21.

Edmund Jennings Lee

W-2:99

6/1836

Elizabeth Cocke

Charlotte and her daughter, Mary Jane

Mary Jane, 6, was described as "bright mulatto."

Peter E. Hoffman, John Roberts

W-2:230

6/15/1836

Eliza Black, widow and administratrix of estate of David Black

William Henry

William Henry, a "mulatto" born 4/29/1807, was to be freed 6/15/1842.

Robert J. Taylor, Edward C. Fletcher

W-2:349

6/16/1836

Robert S. Reed of Fairfax Co., VA

Ann Hutcherson [Hutchinson] and her children, Catherine Ann and Joseph William

Ann was 29 years old, Catherine Ann was two years and six months, and Joseph Williams was six months.

Reuben Johnston, Jr., Cassius F. Lee

W-2:215

7/12/1836

William Henry Thompson

John Neville

Neville, eight months old, was purchased from George Davis, an agent for the slave trading firm of Franklin & Armfield.

Reuben Johnston, Jr., Cassius F. Lee

X-2:94

9/6/1836

Jane A.T. Ramsay

Henry Rowe

Rowe, a "mulatto boy," was to go free 9/6/1838.

Richard L. Carnes, G.W.D. Ramsay

W-2:233

10/14/1836

George Wise

Betsey Beckley [aka Elizabeth Bell] and her daughter, Harriet Ann

Betsey was 21 years old and Harriet Ann was one.

None

W-2:254

11/8/1836

Elizabeth Gordon

David Blackwell/ $100

 

William Stabler, Henry Stabler, Richard H. Stabler

W-2:348

12/1/1836

Hugh Carolin

David Hughes

Hughes was 43 years old.

James P. Coleman, John Eveleth

X-2:409

1/5/1837

Charles C. Smoot and James E. Smoot

Nace Dorsey

Dorsey was 36 years old.

John Wood, Thomas Davey

W-2:402

5/10/1837

William Stabler

Jenny

Jenny had been purchased from Frances Swann, administratrix of William T. Swann of Alexandria Co., VA.

R.H. Stabler, Henry Cook

W-2:403

5/11/1837

William Solomon

Robert Mitchell and William Wilson

The slaves were purchased from Margaret Frye of Loudon Co., VA—Mitchell on 6/10/1836 and Wilson on 5/30/1836.

Reuben Johnston, Jr., Cassius F. Lee

W-2:360

6/20/1837

Lawrence Hooff

Caroline [Ware]

Caroline, 37 and "mulatto," was free in accordance with the will of Mrs. Ann Hooff.

Robert T. Ramsay, G.W.D. Ramsay

X-2:319

6/27/1837

Henry Daingerfield

Gustavus "Gusta" Williams

Williams was about 40 years old.

James D. Kerr, Wilmer McLean

X-2:219

8/5/1837

Nathaniel Lucas (free black)

Mary Frances Hamilton

Hamilton, about 9-10 years old, was Lucas' grand-daughter. Lucas purchased her from Frederick Carper of Fairfax Co., VA 6/26/1835 for $195.

Benjamin Hallowell, Caleb S. Hallowell

X-2:274

8/11/1837

Mary T. Gordon and Elizabeth Gordon

John Cupid (aka John Graham)/ $300

 

William Stabler , Henry Stabler

X-2:213

8/20/1837

Margaret S. Keith

Daniel Monroe

 

James Keith, Thomas R. Keith, Samuel Peach

X-2:422

10/1837

Sophia W. Semmes

Samuel

Samuel was the infant of Mary Williams (aka Mary Kennedy).

Lawrence B. Taylor, Addison St. C. Fox, James J. Dickins

X-2:267

10/4/1837

Sarah Waters of Fairfax Co., VA

John Smith

Waters sold Smith to Mary Cole for 3 years' service. Then, Smith was to go free "agreeable to the true intent and meaning of [Waters'] father's will…"

Richard Wren, Thomas I. Wren

X-2:202

10/10/1837

John C. Vowell

Peggy Wyatt and her daughters, Sarah and Melinda Wyatt

Peggy had been purchased from Isaac H. Robbins.

None

X-2:249

10/12/1837

Margaret S. Keith

Catherine Hamilton

 

James Keith, Thomas R. Keith, Samuel Peach

X-2:422

10/20/1837

Jane A.C. Keith

Laura Ann Dundas

 

James Keith, Thomas R. Keith, Samuel Peach

X-2:423

11/7/1837

James Keith

Amanda and Monica McCarthy

 

Edward C. Fletcher, Peter E. Hoffman

X-2:392

1/26/1838

Elizabeth J. Smith, executrix and devisee of Susanna Smith, late of West Grove, Fairfax Co., VA

Beverly Yeates

 

Robert J. Taylor, Lawrence B. Taylor

X-2:455

3/3/1838

Colin Auld, William H. Miller and Robert H. Miller, executors of estate of Mordecai Miller

George Gibson

George, 38, was the son of the late Gustavus Gibson and had been purchased from Catherine Ramsay 8/13/1832.

Cassius F. Lee, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

X-2:488

3/3/1838

Colin Auld, William H. Miller and Robert H. Miller, executors of estate of Mordecai Miller

James [Gibson]

James, 27, was purchased from Catherine Ramsay 8/13/1832. He was freed in accordance with the provisions of that sale.

Cassius F. Lee, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

X-2:498

3/9/1838

Daniel McCleod [McLeod]

Eliza [Easton]/ $300

Eliza, 20 years old, was "of dark complexion."

John Wood, James E. Smoot, George Drinker

Z-2:281

3/15/1838

Colin Auld, William H. Miller and Robert H. Miller, executors of estate of Mordecai Miller

[Richard] Henry Gibson

Gibson, 20, was the son of the late Gustavus Gibson.

Nathaniel Wattles, Dwight Metcalf

X-2:519

4/18/1838

William Butler Callicot

Fanny Mark(s)

 

William B. Richards, Thomas H. Jones

X-2:379

4/19/1838

Joseph B. Blunt

Mary Speakes

Blunt purchased Speakes from Mary Turley 3/1834. Speakes was to serve until age 28. On 12/1/1834 Blunt sold her service to James Norris for three years from 5/1/1838. Speakes, now 15, is to serve Susan Blunt until the age of 28, to be free from 5/1/1851.

Charles Scott

X-2:519

5/8/1838

Rebecca Taylor

Sarah Watts

Watts was 39 years old.

None

X-2:519

5/9/1838

Alexander Waugh

Jesse Arnett

 

Edmund Jennings Lee

Z-2:38

6/11/1838

Joseph Grimes

James Bond

Bond had been purchased from the estate of Calvert Griffith.

Cassius F. Lee, Charles H. Lee

Y-2:174

7/16/1838

William Dean

Alfred Merrick

Merricks was 37 years old.  Dean purchased him from his mother, Hannah Dean of Buckland, Prince William Co., VA for $300 7/10/1838.

Robert J. Taylor, Peter E. Hoffman

Z-2:100

7/21/1838

Mary T. Gordon

Eliza Taylor and her daughter, Malvina

Eliza Taylor was 35 years old, and Malvina was 3.

Elizabeth Gordon, James Mankin

Z-2:66

9/10/1838

William Syphax (free black)

Eliza and Maria [Syphax]

Eliza was 26 years old and Maria was 24.

William Stabler, Henry Stabler

Z-2:137

10/5/1838

James McKenzie

Rebecca Lucas/ $250

Rebecca Lucas, 30, had been purchased by Charles Henry from Ann Minor of Fairfax Co., VA 11/6/1832. Henry sold her to McKenzie for $250 11/7/1832, with the provision that she could secure her freedom by repaying the purchase price.  

Charles H. Lee, Henry T. Wilbar

Z-2:111

2/22/1839

John Lloyd

Maria and her three children, Jim, Emily and Robert/ $800

Maria, "a dark mulatto woman," was the wife of John Cornell. Cornell bought his family's freedom.

Cassius F. Lee

C-3:506

3/7/1839

Silas H. Reed

Nathaniel Clark and Joseph Williams

Clark was 26 years old and Williams, 28.

Cassius F. Lee, William N. Stanton

Z-2:237

4/10/1839

Charles McKnight

(Coro) Sophia Darnal [Darnell] and her son, William

Sophia, 33, was freed "for good conduct and attention to an aged mother & at her request before her decease…" William Darnal was 3 years of age.

Isaac Robbins, George R. Taylor

Z-2:279

5/6/1839

Robert J. Taylor

Jane Scott

Scott was 37 years old.

Reuben Johnston, Jr., Lawrence B. Taylor

Z-2:209

5/8/1839

Peter E. Hoffman

Ann and Mary Jane Cryer

 

Edmund Jennings Lee

Z-2:260

5/9/1839

John Skidmore

Eleanor Jackson and her child, Charlotte Jackson

Eleanor, 29 and a "mulatto," was to be free from 9/1/1839. Charlotte, 6, was to go free when she reached age 21.

Edmund Jennings Lee

Z-2:260

5/13/1839

Ezra Lunt

Lucinda Lee

Lee was about 30 years old.

Theodore Meade, Cassius F. Lee

Z-2:278

5/17/1839

J.C. McKelden

Charlotte Burnell

 

John Creeghan, Anthony R. Fraser

C-3:53

5/18/1839

George A. Smyth

Henry Roman

Roman was 25 years old.

Edmund Jennings Lee

Z-2:259

5/24/1839

Moses Davis (free black)

Margaret Lewis/ $100

Lewis, 10, was Davis's grand-daughter and was purchased from W.H. Gunnell 6/23/1838.

Charles H. Lee, William N. Stanton, Nathan E. Berry, Cassius F. Lee

Y-2:412

Z-2:323

6/3/1839

Dennis Burbon (free black)

Rachel Bourbon

Dennis had purchased for $88 the remainder of Rachel's term of service (until age 25) from William Harper, executor of William Harper, 5/15/1839.

Cassius F. Lee, William N. Stanton

Z-2:299

6/10/1839

Hugh Smith, Robert J. Taylor and Phineas Janney, executors of estate of Charles Bennett

Fanny Fisher

Fisher was about 30 years old.

W.C. Page, Peter E. Hoffman, Edward C. Fletcher

Z-2:271

7/16/1839

Nathaniel C. Oden (free black???)

Ann Laws

Laws was 18 years of age.

B. Hooe, William H. Irwin, Thomas A. Waters

I-3:100

7/29/1839

Fanny Brooks (free black)

Frederick [aka Richard?] Brooks

Frederick, 25 and "mulatto," was the son of Fanny Brooks. He had been a slave of Fanny Thomas, sold to J.H. Runnell for a term of 16 years to end 9/17/1841 (but Thomas was to continue to board him and provide some of his clothes). Runnell sold the remainder of Frederick's service to Silas Reed 10/23/1825, and Reed sold his interest to Fanny Brooks 2/22/1839.

Edmund Jennings Lee, Charles H. Lee

Z-2:307

11/9/1839

William H. Miller

William Henry Lewis

Lewis was 27 years old, 5'7" tall and a "bright mulatto."

None

A-3:120

12/1/1839

John McCormack

Francis Talbot

Talbot was 42 years old.

Edmund Jennings Lee, Thomas M. McCormack, John McCormack, Jr.

A-3:129

1/1/1840

Hugh Smith

James, Addison, William, Helen Maria, Caroline, Mary Elizabeth and George Webster

The slaves were the children of Daniel Webster and his wife, Hugh Smith's slave, Patty. Each was to go free at the age of 25. Any children of the females would go free with their mothers.   The ages of the children were: James, 11; Addison and William (twins), 9; Helen Maria, 7; Caroline, 5; Mary Elizabeth, 3; and George, 1.

Edmund Jennings Lee, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

A-3:109

3/10/1840

Somerset W. Aubinoe

Nanny [Nancy] Henderson

Henderson was 38 years old, 5' tall, and of a "yellow complexion."

Edmund Jennings Lee, Charles Neale

B-3:62

4/27/1840

John Richards

Matilda Fox

Fox was 41 years old.

None

A-3:140

6/9/1840

Elizabeth Monroe

Phillis [Taylor] and her children, [Ann Maria and Mary Ann]

Monroe renounced her claim to the children under the will of Slighter Smith, believing that it was Smith's intention that all his slaves would be freed at his death.

Lewis McKenzie, G.S. Thomas

B-3:283

6/29/1840

Horatio Clagett

Richard Lee

Lee was 38 years old, a mulatto with "bushy hair."

Edmund Jennings Lee, Richard H. Lee, Reuben Johnston, Jr.

A-3:197

7/20/1840

William N. Berkley

Maria Hunt and her children, Virginia and Anthony

The Hunts had been purchased from Lucy Harrington of Fairfax Co., VA for $100. Maria was 25 years of age, Virginia was 2, and Anthony 5 months at the time of manumission.

William Stabler, Ed. Berkley

A-3:200

8/15/1840

John Douglass

Sandy Taylor

Douglass sold Taylor to John E. Holland of New Orleans for the period of one year of service to expire 5/1/1839. Taylor was then 20-21 years old. By agreement, Taylor was then permitted to hire himself out and keep the proceeds and to procure his free papers on his return to Alexandria.

Edmund Jennings Lee, Albert C. Stuart

A-3:187

9/29/1840

Robert Jamieson

Jesse Hughes

Hughes, 21, was actually freed 1/1/1840.

None

A-3:198

10/8/1840

Sally W. Griffith

Ariana Dixon

Dixon was a 40-year-old mulatto.

Archibald McLean, James C. Kerr

A-3:201

10/10/1840

Charles Scott

Celia Williams

Williams, 40, had been purchased by Scott from John Janney, trustee of Thomas Janney 6/10/1826. The price was $50 for five years' service (until age 25). She was freed in 1831.

Edmund Jennings Lee

A-3:197

10/12/1840

M. Elizabeth Taylor

Elizabeth Jane Crier

Crier was 22 years old.

H. Allen Taylor, Samuel B. Taylor

A-3:201

10/31/1840

Hugh C. Smith

Catherine Washington and her children, Prescilla Ann, Charles Edward and John Burdy Washington

Catherine, a mulatto, and John had been purchased in 1836 from slave dealers Franklin & Armfield (the other children had been born since).

William Page, William B. Entwisle

B-3:71

1/1/1841

Robert Jamieson

Linny Brown

Brown, 37, had been purchased from Allen McRea (or Macrae).

None

C-3:53

4/27/1841

Ann Clagett

Arianna Frances

Frances was a 52-year-old mulatto.

Washington C. Page, Elizabeth C. Page, Horatio Clagett

A-3:322

5/7/1841

Zenas Kinsey

Susan Smith

Smith, a mulatto, had been purchased "some years ago" from Loudon Campbell "with the understanding that she was to be free at the end of a term of years."

Benjamin S. Kinsey, William Veitch

A-3:328

5/12/1841

Joseph and Samuel Harris

Joshua Washington/ $850

 

Josiah H. Davis, William N. McVeigh, Joshua Hardy

A-3:337

6/15/1841

Isaac P. Hutton

Caroline

Caroline was the infant ("now at the breast") of Jane, a former slave of Hutton. Hutton had sold Jane to Joseph Smith "exclusive of increase." Joseph Smith and wife had agreed to free Jane at their death.

Robert Brockett, Sidney W. Smith

B-3:282

10/5/1841

Thomas Vowell

Nancy Davis [aka Nancy Anderson] and her children, William, Clare, Mary and Emeline Davis

 

None

C-3:53

2/16/1842

Sambo [Samuel] Anderson

William Anderson, Eliza Anderson and Eliza's children, James, William and John

[Sambo Anderson was a former slave of George Washington.] His granchildren, William and Eliza were born 8/27/1812 and 8/8/1818, respectively. At the time of manumission, Eliza's children's ages were: James 7-8 years old; William, 3-4; and John 2-3 months.

Samuel Lunt, John D. Harrison, John Quincy Adams Crupper, James Lunt

B-3:282

4/29/1842

Joseph Hatton

Louisa Hatton

Louisa, a mulatto, was about 22 years old.

Richard Henry Lee, Charles H. Lee

B-3:283

5/6/1842

Robert Crupper

George [Jackson]

George, 45, had been purchased from Smith Minor.

Cassius F. Lee

C-3:198

5/10/1842

Mary S. Massie and Robert H. Miller, executors of estate of John W. Massie

Sally Hanson

Hanson, 32, had been purchased from William Campbell for $120 3/1/1837, to serve a 5-year term then go free.

Robert Crupper, John T. Creighton

B-3:284

1/2/1843

Robert Jamieson

Rachael (or Rachel) Brown

Brown was 24 years old.

None

F-3:164

1/27/1843

Richard Lee

Mary Frances Beckley

Beckley, and 18-month-old mulatto, was the daughter of Eliza Beckley. She was to go free when she reached the age of 18, 7/4/1860.

Reuben Johnston, George P. Wise

D-3:212

5/15/1843

Jedson [Jetson] Dover (free black)

James Dover

James was Jedson's son and had been purchased from Jane A. Ramsay.

Robert M. Minor, Gibson Peach, Douglass R. Semmes

D-3:211

5/23/1843

George M., John, Daniel and Richard H. Gibson, sons and heirs of Gustavus Gibson

Emily [Gibson] Hampton and her children, William Wilberforce, Sarah Frances and Daniel Gibson

Hampton, a mulatto, was a daughter of Gustavus Gibson and had been purchased from Mrs. Catherine Ramsay 11/11/1830.

None

D-3:197

S-2:444

5/26/1843

William H. Miller and Robert H. Miller, executors of the estate of Mordecai Miller, and Richard H. Clagett and William Page, executors of estate of Colin Auld

Sarah and Joseph Gibson

Sarah and Joseph Gibson were font-family:Arial"> children of font-family:Arial"> Gustavus Gibson and were purchased by font-family:Arial"> Miller and font-family:Arial"> Auld from Mrs. font-family:Arial"> Catharine Ramsay with the provision that the Gibsons could gain their freedom by repaying the purchase (as agreed with Gustavus Gibson).

Warwick P. Miller and John T. Creighton

D-3:162

LVA

6/19/1843

William Marckley

Benjamin Herbert/ $260+

Herbert had been hired to John McCormack for one year, term to expire 1/1/1844. After that date, Herbert would go free, if he paid an additional $140 within the following year.

C. Scott, John McCormack

C-3:476

7/7/1843

Robert H. Miller

Sarah A. and Eugenia Harrison

Miller sold Sarah and Eugenia ("mulattoes"), 13 and 11, respectively, to William Gregory for $50 each.  Each was to serve until age 21 (5/17/1851 in Sarah's case and 12/31/1853 for Eugenia), then to go free. Gregory agreed never to remove them from DC.

James M. Stuart, J.E. Douglass

E-3:174,176

7/7/1843

Robert H. Miller

Caroline F. Brannum

Miller sold the mulatto Brannum, 15, to Mrs. Mary B. Carter for $50. Brannum was to serve until age 21 (12/25/1849). Mrs. Carter agreed never to remove her from DC.

James M. Stuart, J.E. Douglass

E-3:175

10/2/1843

James Vansant

Ann Brown

Brown was described as 24 years old, of “yellow complexion,” and 5’3”. She had been purchased from Allen Macrae (or McRea) of Fairfax Co., VA 4/20 or 4/24/1832.

None

D-3:403

LVA

10/2/1843

James Vansant

Maria [Payne]

Maria, 35 years old, 5'2" tall, and of "dark complexion," had been purchased of George Wise 3/18/1833.

None

D-3:404

10/2/1843

Thristian [Tristam] H. Garner

Lucien B.L. Pipsico

Garner purchased Lucien and Julia H. Pipsico from Thomas Pipsico of Berkeley Co., VA. They were each to serve until the age of 21.

Cassius F. Lee

D-3:401

10/7/1843

Alexander Waugh

Daniel Robinson

 

None

D-3:402

10/23/1843

William N. Mills, executor of estate of Sarah Monroe

John Daniel(s), George Jackson and Phillis Jackson

The slaves were freed in accordance to the provisions of Monroe's will. George Jackson was described as 25 years old, 5'9" tall and black. Phillis Jackson was 32, 5'8" and also black.

None

C-3:526-531

10/31/1843

Simon Turley

Lewis Medley

Turley had purchased Medley from Nathaniel Rantin of Maryland 8/20/1841. As a non-resident, he brought him to Alexandria and kept him there for more than a year, entitling Medley to his freedom under law.  Medley successfully sued and was freed.  

Cassius F. Lee

C-3:525

2/2/1844

Louisa C. Evans (free black?)

Thomas Anderson

Anderson had been purchased from William Page for $250 2/1/1844.

None

F-3:482

3/4/1844

Lawrence B. Taylor

George Chapman

Chapman, 43 years old, 5'11", and a "bright mulatto," had been purchased from John Fitzhugh and Margaret Gallaher of Prince William Co., VA and William Baker of Upperville, VA in 1844.

None

F-3:124

3/28/1844

John F.M. Lowe

Dicey Brown/ $105

Dicey, 37, had paid for her own freedom or reimbursed Lowe for the amount needed to purchase "her out of the hands or ownership of Bruin and Jones, negro traders…"

None

F-3:288

7/24/1844

Sally Thomas

Mary Sumby/ $275

Sumby, 40, had a "dark complexion."

Thomas F. McCobb, John Young, Ann E. Crook

F-3:285

12/19/1844

Rebecca Taylor

Lavinia Wiggins/ $50

 

J.W. Clark, J.C. Smith

E-3:426

1/7/1845

William Stabler

Angelo Harris

Harris had been purchased from George Washington Parke Custis 12/31/1844.

William H. Shirley, Francis Stabler

F-3:481

4/10/1845

George G. Barton of Fairfax Co., VA

Robert Green and Laura Catherine Gantt

Green, 37, and Gantt, 14, had been purchased from Benjamin Barton, the administrator of the estate of Elizabeth McKenzie, for $100 and $60, respectively. They were to go free after 12/31/1849.

Aaron D. Harmon, Robert Bell, John T. Creighton

F-3:478

5/14/1845

Mary and Eliza Eaches

Ellen Bowles/ $100+

Bowles, a "mulatto," was freed in consideration of "sundry small sums of money at various times to us paid," plus $100 paid by D.L. Carroll of New York.

Joseph Eaches, William Eaches

F-3:483

6/2/1845

Mary and William Stabler, administrators of estate of Edward Stabler

Maria Syphax and her children, Bertha, William, Cornelius, Charles, Austin, Colbert, Sholto, John and Ennis Syphax and Maria Carter

Maria, Bertha and a male infant had been purchased by Edward Stabler from George Washington Parke Custis of Alexandria Co., VA 8/6/1825.

Elisha J. Miller, William H. Shirley

E-3:425

6/10/1845

Henry Cook

Cornelia [Bond] and her child, Hannah

Cornelia was the wife of James Bond.

Cassius F. Lee

F-3:468

7/31/1845

Lucinda M. Walton

Eliza [Green]

Eliza, born 8/12/1812, had been sold by William N. Wilson and Christian(a) Mary Wilson, his wife, of Prince George's Co., MD to John Underwood 7/22/1829 (Prince George's Co. Deed Book AB-5:511). Eliza was to serve until age 33. Underwood, of Washington, DC, sold her to Lucinda Walton of Alexandria for $130 11/22/1837.

Jane T. Danforth, Elizabeth Shillaber, Robert Jamieson

H-3:240-241

10/4/1845

Eliza M. Norris

Milly Triplett and her son, Prince Wesley Triplett

 

Upton H. Herbert, A.G. Minor

E-3:379

12/21/1845

Rebecca Taylor

Ellen Carrell

Carrell was 25 years old.

Charles McKnight, George R. Blacklock, J.C. Smith

G-3:344

1/7/1846

Robert Jamieson

Robert [Brannum]

Robert was born December 1824, the son of Lucy Brannum, a former slave of George Washington Parke Custis.  Custis sold Robert to Mordecai Miller 12/24/1827. Miller assigned him to his son, Robert H. Miller. Robert Miller sold him to Robert Jamieson 8/9/1834 for an 11-year term to end 1/1/1846.

Elisha Janney, Aaron D. Harmon

LVA

G-3:345-346

4/13/1846

Robert H. Miller

Lucy [Ann] Harrison and her infant, Charles Williams Harrison

Lucy, 40, was a "mulatto," and Charles was 17 months old.

William Gregory, John N. Douglass, James M. Stuart

H-3:203

5/25/1846

Frederick Cotes (free black) of Fairfax Co., VA

Sally [Cotes] and her daughter, Emily [Adams]

Sally was Cotes' wife, and Emily was Sally's daughter. Cotes purchased them from Mrs. Virginia Cary for $325 5/25/1846.

Charles B. Shirley, Daniel Minor, William C. Yeaton

G-3:268-269

6/9/1846

Edward R. Lippitt

William M. Tate

Tate, 5'6¾" and a "bright mulatto," had been held by Lippitt "in right of my wife, Mary B. Lippitt, formerly Mary B. Alexander."

William C. Yeaton, Robert M. Minor

H-3:122

7/23/1846

Lewis McKenzie

Mary Rustin and her infant, Moses

 

Cassius F. Lee, William C. Yeaton

H-3:200

10/12/1846

Hugh Smith

Patty Webster and her children, Adaline and Harriet

Patty Webster was the wife of Daniel Webster, an was to be freed immediately. Adaline, 5½ years old, and Harriet, 3 years, 1 month and 12 days old, were to go free when they reached age 25.

Cassius F. Lee

H-3:199

10/31/1846

Robert H. Miller

Maria Hamilton

Hamilton was the wife of Jonas Hamilton.

Jabez Wheeler, Elisha J. Miller

H-3:200

11/24/1846

Mary Smith and Sidney W. Smith, the widow and son of Joseph Smith

Jane Thompson

Thompson was about 40 years of age.

Emanuel G. Compton, George F. Huguely

H-3:285

12/3/1846

Isaac G. Hutton

Caroline, Richard and Emanuel, the children of Jane Thompson

Caroline was about 6 years old, Richard was 3, and Emnuel, 2.

George F. Huguely, Emanuel Compton

H-3:286

1/7/1847

Armistead M. Ford

Emily Berry

Berry was 31 years old.

Elias Harrison, Samuel R. Adams

I-3:196

1/21/1847

Samuel R. Adams

Alfred and Sally Pitts and their daughters, Martha and Mary

Alfred and Sally were both over 40 years of age, Martha was 6, and Mary, 4.

David Appich, William B. Price, Wilmer D. Corse

I-3:375

3/16/1847

James Dempsey

Peter Hopkins

 

William C. Yeaton, Cassius F. Lee

H-3:394

3/18/1847

James Entwisle

Mary Tate

Tate, 32, was a "mulatto."

Cassius F. Lee, William C. Yeaton

H-3:394

3/18/1847

Edward Daingerfield

Rachel Hainey [or Haney] and her sons, Charles and Emanuel Hainey

Rachel was to go free immediately, and Charles and Emanuel were to be freed when they each reached age 21, on 8/4/1866 and 8/31/1867, respectively.

J. Louis Kinzer, Jesse McVeigh, Francis L. Smith

I-3:368

3/19/1847

Joseph Dodds

Ellen Ogleton

Ogleton, 40, was a "dark mulatto."

Turner Dixon

I-3:100

5/10/1847

James Fraser [Frazer] of Laporte Co., IN (formerly of Alexandria Co., VA)

Charlotte Burrill [Burrell]

Burrill, 44, had formerly been hired to John McKelden of Alexandria.

Joseph Fraser, W.M. Parker

I-3:100

7/31/1847

Archibald O. Douglass of Cumberland, Allegany Co., MD

Charlotte Seymour and her children, Mary Ellen, Martha, George and Cecelia Seymour

Seymour, formerly Charlotte Brent, was about 35 and "dark."

George W. Deveemon, John Gephart (Cumberland County justices of the peace)

I-3:101

6/6/1848

Harriet Brooks (free black)

George Brooks

George had been purchased from John Wiggs in 1834.

Turner Dixon

K-3:29

1/27/1849

Thomas R. Keith

Maria Taylor

 

None

K-3:305

8/14/1849

William L. Powell, M.D., executor of estate of Thomas Swann, and Robert Jamieson, guardian of Mary Swann

Moses Wright/ $75

Wright was about 50 years old.

Mary Swann

M-3:11

1/24/1850

Mary, Benjamin and George G. Barton, heirs of Elizabeth McKenzie

Robert Green; Agnes Gant and her child, Elizabeth Frances Gant; Charlotte Butcher ("now Charlotte Hanson"), and her children, Isabella and Logan Fitzhugh

Agnes Gant was 40 years old, Elizabeth Frances Gant was 14, Charlotte Hanson, 24, Isabella, 3, and Logan Fitzhugh, 1.

Robert Bell, John T. Creighton

L-3:169

3/26/1850

James Green

Charles Marshall

Marshall, a mulatto, had been purchased from the late George Brent.

Edwin Green, J[ohn?] D. Richardson

L-3:240

4/14/1850

Julia M. Wallace of Albany, NY

Julia Ware

Ware, 24 years old, was to go free when she reached age 28.

Charles B. Redfield, Mary A. Redfield

L-3:488

10/14/1850

Mary, Benjamin and George G. Barton, heirs of Elizabeth McKenzie

Laura C. Gant

 

George White

M-3:17

10/28/1850

Thomas R. Keith

Henry Lee

 

Benjamin H. Berry

M-3:17

11/25/1850

Thomas R. Keith

Samuel Dundas and William Lee

 

Benjamin H. Berry

M-3:65, 67

4/18/1851

Henry Daingerfield

Henry Williams

Williams was freed for "meritorious conduct."

D. Boyd Smith

M-3:269

7/1/1852

Mary M. Foote and Francis L. Smith, executors of estate of William H. Foote of Hayfield, Fairfax Co., VA

Jane; Rosetta and her children, George and Betty; Ralph, Henry Parker; Moses; Elizabeth; Mary Elizabeth; Ellen and her children, Turner and William Henry; Susan; Sarah Ann and her children, Henry and Virginia; Jerry; Philip; Dick Simms; Dick Jasper; William Jasper; Eliza; Lucy; John Parker; Bob; Tom; Susan; Charles; Weston; John Williams; Lucy Carroll; Ann; Catherine; Martha Ann; Jesse; Louisa and her son, Dick; Toby; Priscilla; Frances Ann; Dolphia; Joe Parker; Robert; Isaac; and Aaron

The manumissions apparently came as the result of the will of William Foote and a suit by Negro Moses et al. vs. Foote's executors. The ages of the freed slaves were as follows: Jane, 9; Rosetta, 35, and her children, George, 6, and Betty, an infant; Ralph, 24; Henry Parker, 13; Moses, 21; Elizabeth, 10; Mary Elizabeth, 12; Ellen, 23, and her children, Turner, 3 months, and William Henry, 3; Susan, 11; Sarah Ann, 36, and her children, Henry, 4, and Virginia, an infant; Jerry, 46; Philip, 41; Dick Simms, 24; Dick Jasper, 32; William Jasper, 42; Eliza, 10; Lucy, 10; John Parker, 60; Bob, 13; Tom, 16; Susan, 15; Charles, 30; Weston, 38; John Williams, 55; Lucy Carroll, 48; Ann, 9; Catherine, 16; Martha Ann, 9; Jesse, 32; Louisa, 40, and her son, Dick, 4; Toby, 12; Priscilla, 15; Frances Ann, 7; Dolphia, 20; Joe Parker, 27; Robert, 46; Isaac, 49; and Aaron, 25.

Turner Dixon

O-3:546-577

P-3:183-185

9/1/1852

William D. Nutt, administrator of estate of Elizabeth Robinson

Louisa (aka Margaret [Margaret Louisa Johnson]) and her child, Fanny

A provision in Robinson's will required that Louisa be purchased and freed. For $250, Nutt bought Louisa and Fanny from John Lawson ("late of Alexandria") on 7/30/1849. Lawson failed to furnish their freedom papers, so Nutt now did.

J.A. Brewis, Washington L. Bodkin

N-3:508

12/1/1852

Edward B. Powell, surviving partner of William L. Powell & Son

John Washington

Washington, 28, was freed "in consideration of an agreement and contract heretofore made with S.H. Fisher."

Wells A. Harper

Q-3:251

3/7/1853

Martha Lunt, administrator of estate of Samuel Lunt

Mary Eliza Butler/ $250

Butler, 55, was freed in consideration of $250 paid to Samuel Lunt before his decease.

Charles P. Shaw

O-3:305

12/5/1853

Eleanor Ann Jenkins (free black)

Samuel Jenkins

Eleanor had purchased Samuel, her husband, from Thomas R. Love 12/1852.

Benjamin H. Berry

P-3:303

4/13/1854

Harriet C. Lamar of Brooklyn, NY

[Alexander] "Sandy" [Peters]

Sandy, a 41-year-old mulatto, was freed with the consent of Lamar's husband, G.B. Lamar. Sandy had been purchased for $500 from William G. Cazenove and Cassius F. Lee, executors of Anthony Charles Cazenove, 4/12/1854.

Jonathan S. Ely

S-3:24

6/12/1854

Robert H. Miller

Daniel Carmichael

 

William N. Brown

Q-3:232

2/27/1855

Edward Kingsford

Felicia Daniels

Daniels was about 35 years old.

None

Q-3:535

5/16/1855

Charles Curtis

Ann Maria and Adeline Curtis

Charles had purchased Ann Maria and Adeline, his daughters, from John J. Frobel of Fairfax Co., VA.  Charles had also purchased their mother before the time of their birth.

Benjamin H. Berry, Franklin L. Brockett

R-3:18

12/13/1855

John Hooff

Daniel

 

Charles R. Hooff, Edgar? Snowden

Q-3:558

3/27/1856

Robert G. Violett

Andrew Brown

Brown was "now in the state of Louisiana in New Orleans in the service of my brother W. Alfred Violett." He was described as 25 years old, "copper coloured or dark brown."

Benjamin H. Berry

R-3:344

5/2/1857

James Hendley Simpson of Fairfax Co., VA

John Henry Payne

Payne was freed "from the motives of benevolence."

John Summers

S-3:188

9/30/1859

Ann D. Irwin

Mary Ball and her children, Ann Maria, Elizabeth Jane, Mary Josephine, Leah Rebecca and Oscar Eugene Ball

Mary Ball was described as a mulatto, 36 years old. The ages of her children were: Ann Maria, 10; Elizabeth Jane, 8; Mary Josephine, 6; Leah Rebecca, 3; and Oscar Eugene, 17 months.

William C. Yeaton

U-3:126

2/22/1860

Elizabeth L. Thompson

Beverly Winters/ $200

 

Charles R. Hooff, Catherine V. Thompson

U-3:272

1/8/1861

Daniel Carmichael

Rachael Carmichael (aka Rachael Johnson) and her child, Mariana

Rachael, the wife of Daniel Carmichael, had been purchased from Andrew Jamieson 5/1/1856. Jamieson had purchased her from Henry Daingerfield 5/1/1852.

Andrew Jamieson

U-3:579

1/1/1863

Lewis McKenzie

Charles Seals

Seals, 47, had been purchased from Solomon S. Masters for $270. Masters had purchased him from William C. Yeaton for $525 on 11/19/1852, agreeing not to sell him outside of Alexandria. Yeaton had purchased Seals for $525 from Albert N. Mills of Alexandria and his brother, John R. Mills, of Frederick Co., MD 11/10/1852. Seals had been the property of the Millses' grandmother, Ann Leap, as conveyed to her by a deed of gift 4/4/1831.

W.B. McClure

V-3:422

1/1/1863

Lewis McKenzie

Clara Quander

Quander had been purchased of William H. Foote of Fairfax Co., VA.

None

V-3:599


Freedmen's Cemetery Historical Site Marker - E 109 Freedmen's Cemetery - Federal authorities established a cemetery here for newly freed African Americans during the Civil War. In January 1864, the military governor of Alexandria confiscated for use as a burying ground an abandoned pasture from a family with Confederate sympathies. About 1,700 freed people, including infants and black Union soldiers, were interred here before the last recorded burial in January 1869. Most of the deceased had resided in what is known as Old Town and in nearby rurual settlements. Despite mid-twentieth-century construction projects, many burials remain undisturbed. A list of those interred here has also survived.

Friends of Freedmenís Cemetery
638 North Alfred Street
Alexandria, Virginia 22314
E-mail: freedmen@juno.com

Freedmen's Cemetery Logo - This logo was designed by Alexandria Archaeology Assistant City Archaeologist, Dr. Steven Shephard, in 2006. The beautifully executed final drawing was made by Alexandria Archaeology volunteer, Mr. Andrew Flora, who made a few modifications. At the center of the logo is a headboard of the design seen in historic photographs of the Alexandria National Cemetery, established at the north end of Wilkes Street in 1862. These grave markers were supplied by the U.S. Army Quartermaster Department in Alexandria and records state that this department also supplied the headboards and coffins for Freedmens Cemetery. The pine boards were whitewashed and the plot number, and presumably, the name of the deceased, and possibly the date of death, were painted in black on the headboard. The number 1864 in the logo represents the year that the cemetery was established. The black silhouette of the African American woman in the center of the board is meant to represent the people, the Freedmen, who were buried at the cemetery. Civilian men, women and many children were buried here, along with African American soldiers of the United States Colored Troops. The rays radiating from the top of the headboard are meant to represent the light of freedom, as well as the souls of the Freedmen ascending into heaven and their final reward. The F and C are for Freedmen's Cemetery. The surrounding broken chain wreath symbolizes the severed bonds of slavery which resulted from the American Civil War which transformed Alexandria and the nation.

April 29th, 2007