The Friends of Freedmen's Cemetery


Slave Importation Certificates in Alexandria County Records, 1790-1845
Compiled by Timothy J. Dennee, 2001 and 2004, all rights reserved.

Perhaps a brief explanation of the shifting jurisdictions in Alexandria would be in order (as it always seems to be) before proceeding to the specific subject matter. The town of Alexandria was chartered by the Virginia legislature in 1749 and soon became the seat of Fairfax County. A portion of Fairfax County was incorporated into the new District of Columbia, however, and Alexandria officially came under the legal jurisdiction of the District in 1801, as part of the new Alexandria County. In 1847, Alexandria County was retroceded to the Commonwealth of Virginia. In 1870, the new Virginia constitution made Alexandria an independent city, separate from Alexandria County, which is now called Arlington.

This history usually complicates research, especially that of legislative and court records. Before 1801, Alexandria’s laws relating to owning, importing, punishing and manumitting slaves were generally written by the state legislature. When incorporated into the federal District of Columbia, Congress permitted Alexandria County to retain the Virginia laws previously in force.

During and after the Revolution, the institution of slavery seemed as though it might slowly die. The northern states increasingly passed laws banning the slave trade and slavery itself; the exhausted soils of the Chesapeake region discouraged demand for slaves; and cotton was not yet king in the Deep South. While slaveholders were still heavily dependent on slaves, they were in the minority of the nation. Even many masters exhibited ambivalence about the morality and ultimate necessity of slavery. Americans were embarrassed by the inherent contradictions in their simultaneous championship of liberty and use of slave labor. This question was shown in stark relief by the British policy of seizing and freeing American slaves.

Virginia passed a number of post-colonial laws relating to slavery. Among the first was a 1778 act "for preventing the Farther importation of Slaves." Possessing a sufficient and reproducing population of native-born slaves, the state could afford to take a humanitarian half-step, prohibiting further importation, especially for the purpose of sale (slaves brought in and remaining for a year would be set free). There were several exceptions, of course. The law did not affect travelers making a transient stay, nor citizens of Virginia temporarily residing elsewhere who returned with their slaves. The primary exception, however, was for those moving from another state in order to become residents.

Provided always, That this act shall not be construed to extend to those who may incline to remove from any of the United States, and become citizens of this, provided, that within ten days after their removal into the same they take the following oath before some magistrate of this commonwealth "I, A. B. do swear, that my removal to the state of Virginia, was with no intention to evade the act for preventing the farther importation of slaves within this commonwealth, nor have I brought with me, or will cause to be brought, any slaves, with an intent of selling them, nor have any of the slaves now in my possession been imported from Africa, or any of the West India islands, since the first day of November, 1778. So help me God."

This law—with some minor changes of language and a reporting requirement extended from ten to sixty days after arrival—was combined with other existing laws into a comprehensive act in 1792. The law and the above oath remained nearly the same, even after the formation of the District of Columbia.

The following are records of such oaths, extracted from four sources: Alexandria Hustings Court Deed Books, 1785-1800; Alexandria Deed Books, 1801-1853; Alexandria County Hustings Court Order Books, 1780-1799; Alexandria County Circuit Court Order Books, 1801-1866; and one entry from Abstract of Reports of Aliens Registered, Alexandria County, Virginia, 1801-1829, among the records of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, Alexandria County in the collections of the Library of Virginia. The Alexandria deed book citations are indicated below by an alphanumeric book and page number. The Fairfax County deed book book and page numbers are preceded by "Ffx." The Hustings Court orders are identified by "Hustings," the Circuit Court records are identified by "Circuit," and the Alien Register entry is simply "Alien." References in the court minute and order books represent notations of the presentation and attestation in court of already issued certificates and do not contain the names of the slaves. These records date from between one day to six years after each certificate was actually issued.

Because of the history of jurisdiction changes, the Alexandria and Fairfax County deed books overlap somewhat. The Fairfax deed books of the 1790s make reference to owners residing in the town of Alexandria and also include deeds and orders entered in the Alexandria Corporation Court. It is these citations that are included below. Fairfax County importations have been compiled elsewhere on this site.

Most of the following are from deed books, first appearing in 1792 (but dating as early as 1790) and concluding in 1845. These records include the slaveowners' names (and often a spouse, parent or guardian reporting for the actual owner); the slaves' names (and usually approximate ages, often surnames, and sometimes occupations), often the state of origin, and occasionally with the exact date of arrival. Possibly misspelled names of slaves have not been corrected, but likely proper variants or full names have been suggested in brackets to make searching for a particular first name easier with a browser. Keep in mind that many names used are diminutives, and that it is even possible that a slave may never have used or may never have been given a "full" first name.

The entries are organized by date. Some of the entries, and especially of the earliest, provide no names of slaves. For most of the slaves, no surname is given. They are arranged, as originally, under the name of the owner, since that may be a predictor of familial relationships between slaves. The slave names are almost universally recorded here in the order they appeared in the original records. While most slaves may have used a surname, masters typically did not dignify their servants by recognizing or using such names in speech or on paper. The slave surnames which appear are:

Amis, Blackburn, Bronaugh, Bruce, Dailey, Dyer, Gerrard, Halley, Howard, Jannefer, Lee, Loggins, Medley, Miers, and Washington.

The dates given below are usually the dates the applicant took the oath and was given his or her certificate. This date was usually shortly after arrival in Alexandria County. When marked with an asterisk (*), however, they are instead the dates in which certificates were presented to the court and entered into the minute, order and/or deed books. As required by the 1792 law, the certificates were granted within sixty days of arrival. As mentioned above, however, appearances before the court ranged anywhere from one day to six years after the issuance of the certificate.

 

Date

Slaveowners (testators)

Where from (arrival)

Slaves' names and approximate ages, etc.

Citation

 

 

 

 

 

1/6/1790

MUIR, Rev. James

 

Kate

Hust. E:212

5/11/1790

WILLIAMS, Lilburn, of Alexandria

MD

Toney (male), Sen (male), Will, Anthony, John, Sophia, Nel [Nell], Harriot [Harriet], Kitty

Ffx. S-1:469

1/14/1792

FORD, John Edward

 

 

Hust. D:374

3/13/1792

CROOKE, Richard

MD

James, Silvia [Sylvia], Amelia, Stace

Hust. D:436

8/21/1792

EASTON, David

Imported in brig Cornwallis from Cura Hao

Prince Tom Lee

Hust. F:116

10/10/1792

SLACUM, George

 

 

Hust. D:486

10/31/1792

LYON, Walter

 

 

Hust. D:486

2/18/1793

WATTS, John

MD

Janey

Hust. E:97

4/6/1793

HAMPSON, Bryan

MD

Letty, 17; Sidney, 3; and Peggy, 9; acquired by marriage to Lucy Hatton

Ffx. W-1:149

6/11/1793

ROSS, Horatio

 

 

Hust. E:46

7/18/1793

HEARD, John

MD

Orwell ("boy").  A copy of the recorded certificate was "forwarded to Lucas Vanersdel, Herredsbury [Harrodsburg], Kentucky." 

Hust. E:144

8/7/1793

CLARK, Capt. Joseph

 

Maria

Hust. E:180

10/9/1793

WATTS, John

 

 

Hust. E:179

8/15/1794

McIVER, John

 

 

Ffx. X-1:393

1/10/1795

GRAHAM, James

 

Sam, Linder

Hust. F:117

2/20/1795

CROWE, Lanty

 

Mima, William, Eleanor

Hust. F:117

6/24/1795

TENNISON, Joshua

 

John, a “tolerable dark negro,” 5’8” to 5’10” tall

Ffx. Y-1:12

7/23/1795

POYER, Philip

Bay of Honduras

 

Hust. F:281

8/12/1795

ODEN, William

 

Mint, Mary

Hust. F:281

8/15/1795

PAGE, Charles

Bladensburg, Prince George's Co., MD

Arianna, born 1798-1799 in Bladenburg, MD, was given to Page by his father-in-law, Adam Craig of Bladensburg.

Hust. F:282

11/11/1795

CRAIK, Dr. James

 

Long Joe and Walt

Ffx. Y-1:157

11/11/1795

CRAIK, Mrs. Sarah

 

Henry and Nancy

Ffx. Y-1:157

3/7/1796

SMALLWOOD, Mary

 

 

Ffx. Y-1:398

4/4/1796

MAHONESS, John

 

 

Ffx. Y-1:399

5/5/1796

MUNCASTER, John

Charles Co., MD (4/27/1796)

Peter, born in Charles Co.

Hust. H:61

5/26/1796

VOSS, Nicholas

 

George , Israel, Anthony, Thomas, James, Cate [Kate], Dolly, Bello, Maria, Mildred

Hust. H:60

7/29/1796

SINGLETON, George

 

 

Hust. H:61

8/20/1796

NEALE, Joseph R.

 

Stephen, 15

Hust. H:60

8/30/1796

COLLARD, George

Washington , DC

 

Hust. H:59

9/21/1796

WATTS, John

 

Allen ("boy")

Hust. H:59

12/22/1796

BOONE, Aloysius

 

Benjamin, Maide, Lewis

Hust. H:269

1/28/1797

MARSHALL, Thomas

 

Frank, Charles, Peggy, Rose, Letty, James

Hust. H:433

2/20/1797

TENNISON, Jesse

 

 

Ffx. Z-1:289

4/5/1797

BOSSLEY, Joshua

 

Cass, 17, “mulatto girl”

Ffx. Z-1:327

5/2/1797

RONDLET, Francis

MD

Dina, 14

Ffx. Z-1:336

6/16/1797

RIGGEN, William

 

Peter, 16

Ffx. Z-1:434

7/12/1797

MUNCASTER, James Copper (reported by his father, John Muncaster)

Charles Co., MD (7/2/1797)

Polley [Polly] ("girl"), born Charles Co., MD and bequeathed to James Copper Muncaster by his grandfather, James Muncaster.

Hust. I:285

10/9/1797

LEE, Mary

MD (9/24 or 9/25/1797)

Celia, 18; Ned, 9; Eliza, 7

Hust. K:109

3/6/1798

RHODES, William

 

George and Ann

Hust. K:579

4/23/1798

DOXEY, Susannah

MD

Henney [Henny], 16

Hust. K:579

4/28/1798

LIVINGSTON, John

 

Sall, 35; Isaac, 10; George, 8 months

Hust. K:541

6/8/1798

TOHNIE, [FOLMIES] Robert

 

 

Hust. K:580

6/14/1798

WILEY, George

 

Anthony, 7

Ffx. A-2:521

8/31/1798

CANNON, Nathaniel

 

Jacob, 13

Ffx. B-2:44

9/26/1798

GREEN, Jesse

 

 

Hust. K:594

10/13/1798

SHERRARD, Francis

 

Rachel, Sophia

Hust. L:167

2/28/1799

EMACK, William

 

Sarah

Hust. L:269

5/8/1800

DOXEY, Mary

St. Mary's Co., MD

Davey, born St. Mary's Co., MD about 1788 and left to Doxey by her late father, Austin Sanford Doxey.

Hust. N:158

12/31/1800

EASTON , Jane (reported by her father, David Easton)

 

Maria ("girl")

Hust. O:251

6/4/1801

KILTY, William

MD

Joseph, 30 (manumitted by Kilty 5/1801 to take effect 5/1803); Nancy, 14 (“sold for a term of years by Philip B[arton] Key”)—both born MD

A:379

6/4/1801

WALKINS, Tobias (reported by his guardian, William Kilty)

MD

Sophia, 8 ("mulatto"), born MD

A:379

6/12/1801

HUTCHENSON, Samuel

NY (6/8/1801)

girl, 18

A:184

6/24/1801

TUCKER, Capt. John

Bermuda

Samuel and Dinah Bruce.  Samuel Bruce was born in Africa ca. 1775-1776 and was a "Dutch citizen."  Dinah Bruce, probably Samuel's wife, was born in Bermuda ca. 1770-1771.  The two were servants of Bermudan immigrants John and Frances Tucker.  It is not certain whether the two were actually slaves.

Alien

6/27/1801

RILEY, William

MD

 

A:145

8/1/1801

LYLES, George N.

 

Betty, Hannah, Daniel, Linney ("girl"), Rachel ("girl"), Philip ("boy")

B:382

9/18/1801

CLAGETT, Thomas

 

 

B:380

10/24/1801

LAKE , Levin

 

Dillah, 10

C:335

11/4/1801

WILLIAMS, Thomas

 

Richard, 24

B:381

1/11/1802*

KOONES, Frederick

 

 

County

1/20/1802

HEREFORD, John

 

 

B:391

1/23/1802

DYER, Thomas B.

MD (1/22/1802)

Milly, Juliet, Lissay

O:496

3/24/1802

WILLIAMS, Thomas

 

Deborah, 11

B:362

4/10/1802

PEARCE, Gideon

 

Levy, 11

B:372

6/12/1802

DERDAYEN, John Lewis (reported by his wife, Catharina Derdayen)

 

Lucy, 19; Fill [Phil], 7; Mima, 3; Dina, 2

C:41

6/22/1802

SCOTT, Dennis (reported by his father, Charles Scott)

 

Pompey; Rachel and her children, Sandy and Tom; Jez and her son, Bill

C:410

6/29/1802

GRIMES, James

 

 

C:43

6/30/1802

CONTEE, Jane

MD (5/15/1802)

Monaca, Esther, Nell, Basil [Lee], Amey

E:50

9/9/1802

WARFIELD, Basil H.

 

Henry, 9

D:279

12/10/1802

RICHARDSON, Margaret

 

 

D:131

12/10/1802

RICHARDSON, Sabra

 

 

D:131

3/19/1803

HEBB, Sarah T.

 

Jacob, John, Sophia, Matilda ("girl")

D:298

3/19/1803

HEBB, Susannah

 

James, Leonard ("boy"), Janney, Nell, Anna ("girl"), Celia

D:299

5/8/1803

HODGKINS, Thomas

Prince George’s Co., MD

 

O:410

7/12/1803

DEBLOIS, Lewis

[Washington, DC or MD?]

Jacob

F:122

7/19/1803

SPEAKE, Josiah

Washington , DC

Isaac, 16; Lucy, 15; Ann, 7

G:353

2/8/1804

READER, Thomas

 

 

G:400

6/1/1804

BRANDT, Richard B.

 

 

H:100

8/2/1804

DYE, Reuben

 

 

H:344

8/8/1804

POSEY, Benjamin

 

Isaac, 19

H:221

11/29/1804

DAVIDSON, Basil

 

George

H:348

12/3/1804

ROZIER, Mary Helena Hall

MD

Ignatius, George, Daniel, Minta, Rozelina, Emma

H:424

12/11/1804

RICHARDSON, Richard P. [Jr.?]

Anne Arundel Co., MD

Charles, 25; Lucy, 25, and her daughter, Charlotte, 2; Hannah, 23, and her children, Erasmus, 3 years, 6 months, and Louisa, 18 months.  Richard Richardson [Sr.?] of Anne Arundel Co., MD bequeathed the slaves to Richardson's [Jr.?] wife, Sarah Richardson.  Richardson [Jr.?] was a Quaker.

H:422

12/13/1804*

ROZIER, Henrietta Maria Michelina

[MD]

 

County

1/2/1805

MATHANEY, Thomas

MD

Sidney (female) and Delia

I:473

3/16/1805

O'REILEY, Robert

 

 

K:395

3/25/1805

SIMMS, Eleanor

MD (3/5/1805)

Charles, 27; Ors, 17; John, 10; Gusty, 7; Grandison, 4; Nancy, 30; Tracy, 17; Alcey, 1; Eliza, 5

I:474

4/13/1805

SARRATT, Nathaniel

[MD?]

Millie

K:96

4/29/1805

SEWELL, Clement

 

Stace, 42; William, 9

K:97

5/6/1805

CLARY, Michael

 

Charity and her children: Harry, John and Jane

S:358

5/24/1805

SIMMS, Sally

Washington , DC (early 4/1805)

Joe, 4.  Simms took up residence at Summer Hill, Alexandria Co.

K:95

6/15/1805

CASEY, Frances Pamelia

MD

 

K:505

10/18/1805

MUNCASTER, James Copper (reported by his father, John Muncaster)

[Charles Co., MD] (9/2/1805)

Henry, 3, bequeathed to James Copper Muncaster by his grandfather, James Muncaster.

K:396

11/18/1805

KING, William

 

 

K:396

12/20/1805

ROZIER, Mary Helena Hall

[MD]

Betty, Biddy

L:251

1/18/1806

CLARE, Christiana (reported by guardian Leonard Cooke)

(1/3/1806)

Sarah, 16, was bequeathed to Christiana Clare by her father, John Clare, 4/1804

M:25

2/28/1806

SIMMS, Sarah

[Washington, DC]

Dick, Hannah, Sarah, Charity, Anna, Clem, Frank, Rachel

L:542

3/27/1806

HUTCHINS, Thomas

 

Toby, Maryann, Mordecai, Zin, Pat, Sarah

M:58

3/4/1806

SEWELL, Clement

 

Chiney, 15; Rachel, 9

M:90

3/31/1806

SPEAKE, Mrs. (reported by her husband, Josias M. Speake)

Washington Co., DC

Airy, 17, was a "mulatto" woman inherited by Mrs. Speake.

M:91

6/27/1806

ALLEN, Sarah

 

Sarah, Matilda, Richard, Dafny [Daphne]

N:158

7/9/1806

WHITTINGTON, Thomas

 

Polly

N:128

9/24/1806

GENERES, Mrs. (reported by her husband, John Constantine Generes)

[Anne Arundel Co.?] MD (early 9/1806)

Eliza, 7-9 years old, had been property of Mrs. Generes before her marriage.

M:363

12/9/1806

ROZIER, Mary Helena Hall

[MD]

Rachel

M:394

12/18/1806

O’REILEY, Henry

 

 

M:108

1/10/1807

ARMISTEAD, Lucy

 

Symon [Simon] D. Amis [Amos or Amiss?]

M:467

1/12/1807

WILSON, Aaron

 

Solomon

N:481

1/13/1807

VIOLETT, William

MD

David, Samuel, Grace, Richard, Hannah

N:479

2/9/1807

MAGRATH, Rev. Owen F.

 

Bill, 11

N:478

2/26/1807

LYNCH, Stephen

 

Jerry, 21; Feidely [Fidelity?], 11; Sarah, 6

N:481

4/10/1807

JAMIESON, Violetta Barnes

 

Martin ("boy"), Lissy ("girl")

N:478

4/10/1807

NEVITT, Charles L.

 

Abraham, Masheck [Meshach], Priss, Rachel, Abaigal [Abigail], Nace, Abednego

N:480

6/26/1807

DAVIS, Rebecca

 

 

P:318

8/27/1807

COE, Richard

 

Patsy, 13

P:197

9/2/1807

DYER, Anthony

 

Rebecca, 9

P:196

1/2/1808

NEALE, Jeremiah

 

Daniel, 28; Sue, 2; Nancy, 22; Ned, 40; Kitt, 1; Bill, 35; Augusta, 35

Q:439

1/4/1808

MORELAND, Levin

 

Charity, 15

P:474

1/21/1808

HADEN, Stephen

 

Joseph, 17

O:495

4/12/1808

McDONALD, John

 

Nick, 16; Kate, 18; Sall, 18 months

O:494

8/8/1808

GENERES, John Constantine

[Anne Arundel Co., MD?]

Nelly, 6

R:72

10/21/1808

CATON, William

 

Dennis, 21; Tom, 19; Polly, 40; John, 14; Tom, 12; Sam, 45; Charles, 45; Tom, 5; George, 6

R:71

12/5/1808

DOXEY, Briscoe S.

 

Andrew had been inherited from Doxey’s father

Q:396

1/16/1809

BEALL, Thomas K.

 

Solomon, 23; George Washington, 15?; Sucey [Sukey], 42; Patty, 15; Fanney [Fanny], 15; Job, 9; Rose, 27; William, 9; Daniel, 7; Beverly, 5; Charity, 23; Austin, 8; George, 7; Billy, 2; Rebecca, 3; George, 18; Harry, 27

Q:440

1/24/1809

HALL, Robert Clark Minor

 

Sabra, 15; Cease [Cecil?], 17

Q:440

2/27/1809

CLARE, Mary

 

China , 16; Maheney, 15

R:523

7/5/1809

NEWTON, William C.

 

 

S:95

8/4/1809*

RHODES, Thomas

 

 

R:326

11/7/1809

WALES (Wailes), Susannah George

[St. Mary's Co.] MD

Bob, 22; Len, 20; Ned, 15; Jim, 14.  [Bob and Len had been conveyed to Wales by Dorothy Wailes of St. Mary's Co., MD 9/1/1809.]

R:325

R:483

11/28/1809*

BOURNS, Daniel

 

 

R:326

1/16/1810

THOMAS, Joseph

Washington Co., DC

Ben, 30; Maid, 27; Lewis, 15; Milly, 13; Eliza, 9; Seely [Celie/Celia/Cecelia?], 3; Benedict, 4 months; Jim, 26; Henry, 25; Sall, 4; Ned, 2; Lucy, 19; Emma, 2; Kelley, 17; Adam, 14; Poll, 13; Lett, 10; Leanah, 8; Tom, 6; Margery, 39; Nell, 26; Nace, 21; Frank, 17; Charity, 12; Jim, Jr., 6; George, 4; Bill, 3; Louisa, 2; Trueman [Truman], 28; Basil, 8; Sandy, 6

S:355

2/28/1810

SOLLARS, Henrietta

MD

Sam, 37; Mary, 8

S:354

3/4/1810

HENDERSON, Dorcas

 

Dennis, 18; Jesse, 3; Simiremas [Semiramis], 30; Daniel, 5

S:289

3/4/1810

MOTT, Randolph

 

George, 34; Daniel, 17; Robert, 4; Letty, 20; Polly, 9; Maria, 7; Caroline, 5; Cecelia, 1

S:496

3/9/1810

BLACKABY, Gregg

Fauquier Co., VA

 

S:356

3/10/1810

HUGUELY, George (husband of Sarah Huguely)

 

Linder, 25; Nace, 27; Cato, 22; Jin, 16; Suck [Sukey?], 13; George, 8; Charity, 7; Mimy [Jemima?], 1

S:290

3/10/1810

HUGUELY, Sarah (wife of George Huguely)

 

Laurence [Lawrence], 30; Anna, 25; Jetson, 10; Sarah, 4

S:290

8/1/1810

JACKSON, Ann

 

Esther, 34; Lydia, 10; Mary, 6; Britain, 3

U:192

8/6/1810

RANTIN, Nathaniel Thomas

 

Jennet [Janet?], 15

S:357

9/25/1810

DAINGERFIELD, Dr. Henry P.

 

Philis [Phyllis], 45, and her child, Edmund, 5; Edmund, 10.  The slaves were the property of Daingerfield's late wife, Harriet Rozier Daingerfield.

T:313

11/30/1810

DUNBAR, Alexander

MD

Suckey [Sukey], 9

T:358

12/12/1810

JONES, Walter Jr. (attorney)

Washington City , DC

Tom and Winney; and Charles, the property of E.B. Duval and hired for one year

U:46

12/27/1810

COMPTON, Henry (reported by guardian [father?] Henry T. Compton, administrator of estate of Edward Swann)

Prince George’s Co., MD

Nelly, 40; Nelly’s daughter, Kitty, 9; Nelly’s son, Tom, 14; Kitty, 13; Chrissy, 7; Nace, 28; Mary, 20, and her son, John Henry, 1; Betty, 18; Bathsheba, 47

T:359

1/22/1811

SEWALL, Nicholas Lewis

MD

Jacob, 22

T:355

2/19/1811

SWANN, William Thomas

 

Jack, 45; Frank, 28; Harry, 28; Ned, 27; John, 20; Lucy, 20; Hanson, 13; Henry, 27; James, 7; Harry, 5; Ora, 4; Nace, 6; infant, 1

U:193

4/29/1811

SARRATT, Nathaniel

 

Milly, 14

T:354

9/9/1811

BERRY, Richard

Montgomery Co., MD

John, 12

U:350

12/13/1811

JACKSON, Tabitha

Charles Co., MD

Sarah, 28; Daniel, 9; Henson, 4

U:368

12/13/1811

KOONES, David

Prince George’s Co., MD

Maria, 23; Josias, 2; and a male infant

V:310

12/16/1811

HUNTER, Henrietta Dent Hatton (reported by husband, Colin Hunter)

Prince George’s Co., MD

Ishmael, 26; Sarah, 17; Susan, 32; and Susan’s infant—all willed to Harriet by her father, George Hatton

V:166

12/23/1811

HAGAN, Francis

Fairfax Co., VA

Dennis, 27; Frank, 37; Nell, 27; King, 12; Daniel, 9; Bet, 8; Luce, 6; Eli, 2; infant

V:263

1/15/1812

GORDON, Daniel

Botetourt Co., VA

Charles, 38; Tom, 25; Luce, 24; Abram, 8

V:310

2/12/1812

KEIBARD, Elizabeth

Charles Co., MD

Briton, 25; Bob, 23

V:311

6/25/1812

WATERS, Benjamin

Montgomery Co., MD

Nan, 40; Cassy, 13; Clarissa, 7; Solomon, 5; Rudolph, 3; Nell, infant

W:20

7/16/1812

HOXTON, Mary (reported by her father, Stanislaus Hoxton)

Prince George 's Co., MD

Lucy had been bequeathed to Mary (a minor) by her grandmother, Susanna Hoxton.

W:34

7/16/1812

HOXTON, Stanislaus

Prince George 's Co., MD

Sarah

W:34

12/29/1812

WILMER, Rev. William Henry

MD

Maria, 12; Henry, 10

W:413

5/11/1813

BROWN, Emily

 

James, Henry

F-2:303

5/26/1813

PATTERSON, Benjamin D.

Patterson’s MD  plantation

Abraham, Sandy, Nace, Major, Colonel, Jenny, Daffney [Daphne], Bet, Reynor, Peg, Fanny, Ann, Charlotte, Maria—all devised to Patterson ca. 1810-1811

Y:333

10/7/1812

SCOTT, Elizabeth

Prince George’s Co., MD

Rachel, 30; Kitty, 18 months

Y:334

10/22/1813

VOWELL, Ebenezer

Allegany Co., MD

Jane, 14; Nancy, 12

Y:127

12/24/1813

FAIRFAX, Eliza Blair Cary (reported by her husband, Ferdinando Fairfax)

[Fairfax Co., VA?]

“Phill [Phil] an old man, and his wife Easter [Esther?] Gerrard a mulatto, between twenty and thirty years of age; Diana a young negro woman; Sally and Charlotte two negro girls, daughters of Pamela; and Julia a mulatto girl; the last three having been conveyed by deed of trust by Wilson M[iles] Cary Esqr. for the use and benefit of his daughter…”

Y:330

2/11/1814

HOXTON, Stanislaus

Prince George’s Co., MD

Susan

Y:329

2/25/1814

BRANDT, Elizabeth L.A.

Charles Co., MD

Hezekiah, 14; Sophia, 30; Celia, 8

Y:331

2/25/1814

BRANDT, Richard B.

Charles Co., MD

Letty, 17; Delia, 18

Y:331

2/25/1814

WALES, Daugherty

St. Mary’s Co., MD

Harriet, 21

Y:332

3/4/1814

NEALE, Zachariah

Prince George’s Co., MD

Jim, 25; Esther, 50; Nace, 14; Cloe, 20; Mary, 5

Y:334

5/11/1814

HOXTON, John Thomas (reported by his father, Stanislaus Hoxton)

Prince George’s Co., MD

Sam had been bequeathed to John by his grandmother, Susanna Hoxton.

Y:457

6/22/1814

McCOY, Elizabeth

St. Mary’s Co., MD

Cornelius, 17; Maria, 14; Ralph, 7

X:511

12/28/1814

FENDALL, Benjamin

Charles Co., MD

Adam, 24; David, 24; Burnett, 12; Addison, 8; Griffin, 3; Rachael, 35; Cloe, 18; Avira, 18; Margaret, 5; Kitty, 3; Cecelia, 4; Maria, 40

Z:328

4/20/1815

SANDFORD, Thomas

Prince George’s Co., MD

Peter Ball, 60; Nancy Smith, 22

A-2:342

4/22/1815

CLEMENTS, Leonard

Charles Co., MD

Ben, 25

Z:125

8/22/1815

SANGSTER, Alexander

 

Ben, 224

Z:224

8/29/1815

SANGSTER, Alexander

 

Ann, and Ann’s female child, 2

Z:225

10/24/1815

ARMISTAD, Walker

 

John, 16

Z:223

1/19/1816

BOSWELL, William H.S.

 

man, 23

C-2:57

3/5/1816

NEILLE, Lewis

Jefferson Co., VA

Sidney, 15; Tarlton, 8; Sarah, 10

C-2:58

3/9/1816

BLACKLOCK, Nicholas F.

Prince George’s Co., MD

Kitty, 23, and her daughter, Meeky, 8

C-2:55

3/15/1816

SEDWICK, James C.

Charles Co., MD

Lavina, 19

B-2:217

3/25/1816

CLARKSON, Charles

Prince George’s Co., MD

Bob, 47; Philip, 21; Nancy, 37; Rachel, 10

C-2:56

4/15/1816

FENDALL, Mary T.

Charles Co., MD

William, 28; Sam, 25

B-2:293

4/16/1816

VEITCH, James

Prince George’s Co., MD

Mary, 22; Nich [Nicholas], 19

B-2:238

10/21/1816

NEALE, Rev. Francis

Washington Co., DC

Dennis, 42

C-2:178

10/21/1816

STONE, Mary

Fairfax Co., VA

Joe Blackburn, 25

C-2:271

11/20/1816

STONE, Sarah

Fairfax Co., VA

Cloe, 30; Thomas, 6; Jane, 1

C-2:271

11/23/1816

STONE, Penelope (sister of Alevia Stone)

Fairfax Co., VA

Dennis, 27; Bil Halley, 9; Dennis, 4

C-2:270

12/17/1816

BOWIE, Reuben S.

Baltimore, MD

Haga, 40

C-2:429

1/15/1817

EDELIN, Samuel

Prince George’s Co., MD

Patrick, 15

E-2:158

5/9/1817

BROWN, Jesse

Hagerstown , MD

Adam, 30; Jack, 22; Patty, 25; Henry, 10; William, 7; Nancy, 3; Jude, 13

E-2:60

7/15/1817

NEALE, Mildred

Charles Co., MD

Ben, 8

E-2:160

7/25/1817

WILLIAMS, Samuel

Charles Co., MD

Henry, 40; Caroline, 8

E-2:161

9/1/1817

McKAY, Benjamin

 

Rose (“black”), 12

D-2:477

10/30/1817

RAWLINGS, Ann

 

Rachel, 19

E-2:162

11/4/1817

BARKLEY, Samuel

 

Pricilla, 20

E-2:160

12/1817

COAD, John

St. Mary’s Co., MD

Ann, Prsicilla, Lucresy, Large Samuel, Small Samuel, Harriot, Joseph, George, James, Elleanor [Eleanor]

F-2:286

1/13/1818

TYLER, John C.

Washington City, DC

Frank, 28

H-2:3

1/22/1818

LYLES, Dennis M.

Prince George’s Co., MD

James Loggins, 35, and Kitty, 27, and their son, Nathan, 2; Tom, 8

E-2:372

3/3/1818

PAINE, Joseph

St. Mary’s Co., MD

Lewis, 19; Simon, 11

F-2:285

3/14/1818

CAWOOD, Delilah

Anne Arundel Co., MD

Tom, 9

E-2:366

3/20/1818

WHITING, John

King George Co., VA

Milly, 35; Ellzey, 28; Harriet, 20; Helen, 18; Clarissa, 16; Kitty, 12; Sophia, 10; Jack, 8; Thacker, 4; Charles, 2

F-2:303

4/11/1818

ROWE, Thomas

Somerset Co., MD

sundry Black servants Hereafter entitled to freedom…” Henry, 18; Stela [Stella], 12; Gusta, 4

F-2:333

4/13/1818

McIVER, John

Fairfax Co., VA

Bill, 19; Sally, 15

E-2:365

4/27/1818

SIMMS, William

Fairfax Co., VA

Kitty, 15

E-2:446

7/20/1818

CLAGETT, Horatio

Charles Co., MD

Ben Marshall, 40; Agnes, 25, and her two sons, Horace, 6, and Alfred, 1; Suckey [Sukey], 25, and her child, Eliza Ann, 9 months; Ann, 17; and Sarah, 15

H-2:4

10/12/1818

SHEPHARD, Joseph

Frederick Co., VA

Pheby [Phoebe], 30; Malinda, 26; Jilson, 17; Eviline [Eveline], 7; Frederick, 5; George, 3

G-2:142

4/15/1819

WELLS, Joshua

 

 

H-2:374

4/15/1819

CARSON, Nehemiah

Baltimore , MD

Jacob, 21, “for a term of years”; Charlotte, 25; Caroline, 9

K-2:32

5/25/1819

WESTON, Clement B.

Baltimore, MD

Harry, 20, "dark mulatto," 5’6” tall, crooked right leg, born in Baltimore and purchased from William S. Moore of Baltimore 4/1819

I-2:90

1/19/1820

BASFORD, Sarah

 

 

I-2:391

10/4/1820

PEYTON, Craven T.

 

 

K-2:196

6/18/1821

BOLING, Amelia

St. Mary's Co., MD

Sarah, 25; Ralph, 3; and Jackson, 18 months

L-2:154

7/21/1821

SMOOT, James H.

[St. Mary’s Co., MD?]

Henny, 5’2”, light complexion, “stout made,” and with a scar on neck just below chin; Lucinda Ann, 11, 4’, dark complexion, “fingers of the right hand contracted occasioned by a Burn”

L-2:328

12/17/1821

HUCHINSON, John S.

NC

Kitty, 12

L-2:260

2/19/1822

CLARKE, Edward

 

Isaac, 50, “common sized”; Evaline [Eveline], 17, “middle sized”; Julianna, 16, “of low stature”; Caroline, 14, “usual size”; Malvina, 13, “low stature”; Eliza, 10, “yellow” complexion, “common size”

L-2:401

5/3/1822

SEXSMITH, Matthew

 

Bill, 27, 5’7”, "black"; Moses, 40, nearly 5’7”, "black"; Winny, 21, 5’6”, "black"; Winny’s two children, one 3 years old, the other, 2-3 months

M-2:13

1/23/1823

FENDALL, Mary

 

Harriett, 38-39 years old

M-2:379

4/5/1823

BETTON, Joseph E.R.

 

Benjamin, 25, 5’8”, “not very Black”; Henney, 24, 5’4”, “Deaf and Dumb”; Ann, 20, 5’5”, “high dark complexion”; Louisa, 12, “bright Complexion”; John, 1; Minty [Araminta], “very black, middle sized”

N-2:48

5/10/1823

CANNELL, Isaac

 

Dinah, 20; Mary, 12

M-2:483

5/10/1823

WILMER, Ann Eliza

 

Caroline, 15

M-2:484

7/11/1823

MILLS, William

 

Pricilla [Priscilla]

R-2:487

10/22/1823

PEYTON, Eliza

 

 

N-2:177

12/25/1823

TURPIN, William S.

 

Caleb, 35, and Wassy, 30

N-2:542

1/3/1824

SMOOT, George H.

[St. Mary’s Co., MD?]

 

N-2:315

1/3/1824

SMOOT, Ann C.

[St. Mary’s Co., MD?]

Nace, Clare

N-2:327

4/12/1824

HELLEN, Adelaide

 

Arianna, 14, and Mary, 10

N-2:319

7/28/1824

BASSETT, William H.

 

Eliza, 19-20 years, 5’4½”, “dark complexioned…chunky in her make”

O-2:32

4/21/1826

FLETCHER, Rosa Marshal (reported by her father and guardian, Charles Fletcher)

Charles Co., MD (3/8/1826)

Ellen Dyer, 13

P-2:375

4/13/1827

SIMMS, Martha

[MD]

Tom, 20, dark complexion; Polly, 24, dark; Curlistus, 4; Chloe Ann, 8, “bright mulatto”—all born and raised in MD

Q-2:82

2/3/1828

SMOOT, George H.

[St. Mary’s Co., MD?]

Lewis

Q-2:435

7/15/1828

FLETCHER, Columbia (reported by her father and guardian, Charles Fletcher)

MD (5/25/1828)

Winney Dailey, 7

R-2:149

7/27/1828

RATCLIFFE, Ignatius

MD

Benjamin, nearly 17 years old

Q-2:357

12/30/1828

TRAVERS, Thomas

 

Jane, 26; John Miers, 22

R-2:157

6/8/1829

HARPER, Samuel

 

Becky, 45; Henny, 17

R-2:353

9/17/1829

MOFFITT, John

 

Mary, 14

R-2:328

3/3/1830

DEMENT, John E.

Charles Co., MD (1/18/1830)

Philip, 50; Albert, 25; Letty Ann, 20; Lucinda, 18; Maria, 10; Celia, 7

S-2:435

6/21/1830

MARYMAN, Horatio

 

Ann, 23; Sirus [Cyrus], 3 months

S-2:577

9/2/1830

LAWRENCE, John

 

John Howard, Cassey Howard, James Howard

S-2:334

11/15/1830

MARYMAN, Horatio

 

Joseph, 24; Maria, 7

S-2:388

1/31/1831

MANN, Charles

MD

Spencer

S-2:672

2/3/1831

MILLS, William

 

Prince, 38

S-2:647

3/3/1831

HARPER, Samuel A.

 

John, 15; Jack, 40; Kitty, 35; Nancy, 40; Eliza, 5

S-2:725

3/15/1831

BALLARD, Edward J.

 

Leven, 21

S-2:635

6/13/1831

GREER, Margaret M.

 

Tom Jannefer, 24; Lucinda, 22; Clarcy, 7

T-2:89

2/20/1832

BRANDT, Ann Caroline

 

Sarah, Charity, Ellen

T-2:191

4/2/1832

HARPER, Samuel B.

MD

Notley, 13

T-2:370

4/17/1832

BALLARD, Edward J.

 

Robert, 19

T-2:160

11/5/1832

DAVIDSON, Francis K.

 

Chloe, 6

T-2:312

9/25/1833

FRENCH, D’Arcy A.

 

Charles, 14

U-2:421

10/7/1833

BRANDT, Ann Caroline

 

Rachael

U-2:366

11/3/1833

CLARKE, Henry

 

Susan, 14

U-2:369

5/22/1834

RATCLIFF, Richard B.

 

Ann, 6

V-2:7

5/27/1837

LeGRANDE, Claudius F.

 

Amos, Lawrence

W-2:441

8/3/1837

LEDIVER, John L.

MD

Fanny, 14-15

X-2:186

3/1/1838

KENT, Alice

 

Henney, 37; Betsey, 12; Frances, 44; John, 13; William, 6

X-2:457

4/24/1838

CONTEE, Eleanor Russell

 

Polly, 15

X-2:455

10/15/1838

SIMPSON, Peter W.

 

Stephen Bronaugh, 22

C-3:52

3/14/1839

DAVIS, Jane

 

Emaline [Emmeline], 11

Z-2:273

7/23/1839

POWELL, William L.

(7/1/1839)

Alfred

Z-2:303

10/8/1839

REESE, Levi

MD

Henry, 12

Z-2:367

9/21/1840

DAVIS, Jane M.W.

MD

Charity, 14

A-3:199

12/26/1840

SMITH, Francis L.

 

Nora, 22; Frank, 15

C-3:52

2/12/1841

BRADFORD, Sarah

MD

Amanda, 19

A-3:322

5/11/1841

MURDOCK, Robert Henry

 

Lucinda, 22, and her children: George, 3, and Jacob, 12 months

A-3:329

11/17/1842

WALDEN, Cornelius G. & Elizabeth E.

 

Rachael, 17; Ann, 10; John, 7

B-3:443

12/23/1842

HANNON, Julia Ann

(7/1842)

Laura, 9

F-3:286

 

TURLEY, Simon

MD (after 8/20/1841)

Lewis Medley

C-3:525

10/13/1845

DYSON, Elizabeth

 

Mary Jane

G-3:16


Freedmen's Cemetery Historical Site Marker - E 109 Freedmen's Cemetery - Federal authorities established a cemetery here for newly freed African Americans during the Civil War. In January 1864, the military governor of Alexandria confiscated for use as a burying ground an abandoned pasture from a family with Confederate sympathies. About 1,700 freed people, including infants and black Union soldiers, were interred here before the last recorded burial in January 1869. Most of the deceased had resided in what is known as Old Town and in nearby rurual settlements. Despite mid-twentieth-century construction projects, many burials remain undisturbed. A list of those interred here has also survived.

Friends of Freedmenís Cemetery
638 North Alfred Street
Alexandria, Virginia 22314
E-mail: freedmen@juno.com

Freedmen's Cemetery Logo - This logo was designed by Alexandria Archaeology Assistant City Archaeologist, Dr. Steven Shephard, in 2006. The beautifully executed final drawing was made by Alexandria Archaeology volunteer, Mr. Andrew Flora, who made a few modifications. At the center of the logo is a headboard of the design seen in historic photographs of the Alexandria National Cemetery, established at the north end of Wilkes Street in 1862. These grave markers were supplied by the U.S. Army Quartermaster Department in Alexandria and records state that this department also supplied the headboards and coffins for Freedmens Cemetery. The pine boards were whitewashed and the plot number, and presumably, the name of the deceased, and possibly the date of death, were painted in black on the headboard. The number 1864 in the logo represents the year that the cemetery was established. The black silhouette of the African American woman in the center of the board is meant to represent the people, the Freedmen, who were buried at the cemetery. Civilian men, women and many children were buried here, along with African American soldiers of the United States Colored Troops. The rays radiating from the top of the headboard are meant to represent the light of freedom, as well as the souls of the Freedmen ascending into heaven and their final reward. The F and C are for Freedmen's Cemetery. The surrounding broken chain wreath symbolizes the severed bonds of slavery which resulted from the American Civil War which transformed Alexandria and the nation.

April 29th, 2007