The Friends of Freedmen's Cemetery


Picture of Section B of Alexandria National Cemetery
Alexandria National Cemetery, Andrew Russell Photograph.
Library of Congress.

African American Soldiers of the Civil War Buried in Section B of Alexandria National Cemetery, 1864-1865

The Alexandria National Cemetery was founded as the "Soldiers’ Cemetery" or "Military Cemetery" in 1862 and was perhaps the first-established of the Civil War cemeteries which became part of the National Cemetery system. Despite this, African American soldiers who died in Alexandria were apparently first buried in the town’s public Penny Hill Cemetery (1863-March 1864), then in Freedmen’s Cemetery (March-December 1864), and finally in the Soldiers’ Cemetery, beginning the last week of December 1864. The burial of black soldiers in the Soldiers’ Cemetery caused something of a controversy, one more bureaucratic than racial. The African American troops were ultimately interred in a segregated section on the south end of the burial ground.

The list below is taken from The Roll of Honor. Names of Soldiers, Victims of the Rebellion, Buried in the National Cemetery at Alexandria, Virginia, (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1866). It has been cross-referenced with the "Gladwin Record" of deaths and burials of freed people, with Edward A. Miller, Jr.’s article, "Volunteers for Freedom," and, to a certain extent, with the National Park Service’s Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) in order to correct errors in names and units. There is no guarantee, of course, that all information is correct. The Roll of Honor contains a number of errors in unit designations; for instance; many men are recorded as belonging to U.S. Colored Troops regiments when, in fact, they belonged to state units. While only a small fraction of names has been checked against the CWSS, some discrepancies in unit designations have been found, and other names are simply missing from the Park Service data. In each case, the CWSS data has not been substituted, in order to remain faithful to the Alexandria data and because the ultimate sources of the CWSS data may be no more reliable. Additionally, there is naturally variation in names, but the "best guess" is presented here. Text in parentheses suggests spelling variants in the documents. Edward A. Miller, Jr. has done an impressive job of examining the gravestones and then plowing through an enormous number of military service and pension files. His fine article corrects many mistakes, particularly with regard to death dates. It also reinforces the impression, given by the Gladwin Record, that most of the "death dates" recorded by The Roll of Honor are actually burial dates.

It is assumed that, while mental and copying errors occurred frequently, most recorded dates have some significance. Therefore, where there are conflicts between dates, but the dates are chronologically close, the earlier has been taken as the death date and the later as the date of burial. Many of these cases—in which the death took place in 1864 and the burial in January 1865—represent re-interments from Freedmen’s Cemetery to the National Cemetery. Where three dates appear, the first is suggested as the death date, the second as the original interment in Freedmen’s Cemetery, and the third as the final burial in Alexandria National Cemetery. Where sources give dates that are completely incompatible, the Roll of Honor data has been retained. Reference should be made to Ed Miller’s list, which includes additional names mentioned in neither record, including Civil War veterans buried long after the war.

Finally, entries that are italicized indicate soldiers that are named in the Gladwin Record as presumably buried at Freedmen’s Cemetery but are not mentioned in the Roll of Honor. This suggests three possibilities: that the men were never buried in Freedmen’s Cemetery; that they were not re-interred from Freedmen’s Cemetery to the National Cemetery; or that the records of Alexandria National Cemetery simply do not record them because of the loss or confusion of their names.

 

Abbreviations:

Art. = Artillery

Cav. = Cavalry

Co. = Company

Col. = Colored

Cpl. = Corporal

Inf. = Infantry

Sgt. = Sergeant

USCI = United States Colored Infantry

The traditional abbreviations for the names of U.S. states are used.

Name (ranks are supplied for those above the rank of private)

Unit

Death, burial, (re-interment) date

Adams, Smith

27 USCI, Co. A

5/26/64, (1/1/65)

Allsop, Joseph

30 USCI, Co. A

11/4/64, (1/17/65)

Allen, Alexander

102 USCI

4/3/65

Anderson, Jackson

27 USCI, Co. D

8/16/64, (1/20/65)

Anderson, John

6/18/65

Anderson, Richard

23 USCI, Co. G

8/11/64, 8/18/64, (1/17/65)

Armstrong, James

28 Ind. Col. Inf., Co. C

9/18/64, (1/17/65)

Artist(e), Moses M.

27 USCI, Co. D

5/25/64, (1/21/65)

Ballard, Jefferson

36 USCI, Co. I

9/12/64, (1/17/65)

Banner, James

27 USCI, Co. I

4/3/65

Bannon, Shadrach

8 US Col. Art., Co. A

4/22/65

Barclay, William

24 USCI, Co. D

9/26/65

Barnes, Francis

135 USCI, Co. A

6/10/65

Barrett, Daniel

30 USCI, Co. A

2/16/65

Beckman, Fletcher

135 USCI, Co. E

5/29/65

Benton, James W.

19 USCI, Co. F

8/10/64

Berry, John

29 USCI, Co. E

11/25/64, (1/6/65)

Bibb (Bible), Richard Owen

5 Mass. Col. Cav., Co. H

6/20/64, (1/21/65)

Blue, David

135 USCI, Co. I

6/9/65

Bognard, Philip

8 US Col. Art., Co. B

5/21/65

Bostwick, Joseph

19 USCI, Co. C

10/13/64, (1/17/65)

Boyle, Spencer

29 USCI, Co. E

11/25/64, (1/6/65)

Brace, Samuel

19 USCI, Co. C

12/22/64, 12/23/64

Brac(e)y, Wythe

29 Ill. Col. Inf. or USCI, Co. B

11/30/64, (1/6/65)

Brady, Oscar

27 USCI, Co. G

8/16/64, (1/20/65)

Brinsmade (Brindsmaid), Orlando

30 USCI, Co. C

7/12/64, (1/21/65)

Bristleton, Robert

43 USCI, Co. A

8/23/64, (1/21/65)

Browder, John

29 USCI

3/20/65

Brown, Andrew

39 USCI, Co. K

8/16/64, (1/20/65)

Brown, James

19 USCI, Co. I

11/25/64, (1/6/65)

Brown, Lewis

30 USCI, Co. K

12/10/64, (1/7/65)

Burden, Henry

28 USCI, Co. F

9/2/64, (1/21/65)

Burdickson, Daniel

28 USCI, Co. I

1/16/65, (1/16/65)

Burnett, Isaac

107 USCI, Co. G

7/7/65

Campbell, John H.

28 USCI, Co. B

8/12/64, (1/20/65)

Canere (Cancre), Stephen

USCI unassigned

12/4/64, (1/6/65)

Carnell, Israel

8 US Col. Art.

4/22/65, 5/30/65

Carr, Asa

26 USCI, Co. D

5/21/65, 5/22/65

Carr, Joseph

23 USCI, Co. E

4/18/65, 4/20/65

Cay, William H.

18 Ind. Col. Inf., Co. D

4/11/65

Chambers, David

27 USCI, Co. H

10/15/66, 10/16/65

Christopher, John

23 USCI, Co. K

11/30/64, (1/3/65)

Cleggett, Charles H.

28 USCI, Co. H

6/18/65, 6/24/65

Clements, Corp. William H.

28 Ind. Col. Inf., Co. C

7/4/64, (1/21/65)

Coleman, Corp. Washington

135 USCI, Co. E

7/3/65

Coleman, William

39 USCI, Co. E

7/1/64, (1/21/65)

Collins, James

43 USCI, Co. F

11/5/64, (1/17/65)

Color, Ansberry

135 USCI, Co. C

6/22/65

Conger, Benjamin

39 USCI, Co. F

12/4/64, (1/6/65)

Cook, Benjamin

28 USCI, Co. G

12/24/64, (1/17/65)

Cooley, John

27 USCI

5/5/64, (1/21/65)

Cooper, Lewis

19 USCI, Co. G

11/30/64, (1/6/65)

Criff, Goowon

3 USCI, Co. I

3/20/65

Cross, Corp. Robert

8 USCI, Co. D

7/4/65, 7/5/65

Crow, Harvey

4/10/65, 4/11/65

Dashiell (Dushid), Lewis W.

30 USCI, Co. I

2/23/65, 3/7/65

Davis, James [Indian]

24 N.Y. Cav., Co. F

9/7/64, (2/17/65)

Day, Nicholas

19 USCI, Co. I

8/11/64, (1/17/65)

Diller (Dillon), William

USCI unassigned

12/15/64, (1/7/65)

Dorsey, Solomon

39 USCI, Co. D

11/26/64, 11/27/64, (1/6/65)

Drey, Minor (see Ray, Minard)

Duffin, Michael D.

29 USCI, Co. D

8/30/64, 8/31/64, (1/?/65)

Dyer, Peter

43 USCI, Co. C

2/5/65, 2/6/65

Elsie, Arthur

29 USCI, Co. B

5/28/65

Estman, Adam

135 USCI, Co. K

6/5/65

Evans, Andrew

28 USCI, Co. E

10/7/64, (1/17/65)

Fields, James

30 USCI, Co. K

5/27/65, 5/28/65

Flemming, Samuel

28 USCI, Co. G

11/4/64, (1/17/65)

Foster, Nicholas

39 USCI, Co. I

11/20/64, (1/17/65)

Freeman, Jackson

17 Mich. Col. Inf.

4/10/65

Front, Tobias

31 USCI, Co. C

4/17/65

Garrison, Edward

30 Conn. Col. Inf., Co. C

6/20/64, (1/21/65)

Gateford, James

43 USCI, Co. E

9/27/64, (1/17/65)

Getson, James (or James, Getson)

5 Mass. Col. Cav.

12/22/64, 12/23/64, (1/?/65)

Glover, Corp. Christopher

135 USCI, Co. C

6/1/65, 6/3/65

Gordey, Henry

39 USCI, Co. I

9/28/64, 9/29/64, 1/17/65

Gordon, James

30 USCI, Co. E

8/24/65, 8/25/64, (1/21/65)

Gorgo, Charles A.

1 Mich. Sharpshooters, Co. K

1/20/65

Goss (Gass), James

29 Ind. Col. Inf., Co. E

6/21/64, (1/21/65)

Gould, John

23 USCI, Co. I

1/5/65, 1/6/65

Green, John

23 USCI, Co. K

9/21/64

Green, Joseph

23 USCI, Co. I

4/24/65, 4/25/65

Green, Thomas

28 USCI, Co. C

5/28/65, 5/30/65

Gregory, Oscar

43 USCI, Co. E

5/5/65, 5/6/65

Hackett, Henry

USCI unassigned

11/9/64, (1/17/65)

Hall, John

29 USCI, Co. C

10/22/64, (1/17/65)

Haman, Arthur

135 USCI, Co. C

6/30/65, 7/1/65

Hamey, George

28 USCI, Co. I

7/20/65

Hamilton, Thomas

39 USCI, Co. B

3/16/65, 3/17/65

Hampton, Wade

39 Ill. Col. Inf., Co. C

6/24/64, 6/26/64, (1/21/65)

Hansbro, Henry

Va. Home Guard, Co. A

8/14/65

Harligood, John

28 USCI, Co. E

1/3/65

Harrison, Peter

23 USCI, Co. D

5/17/65, 5/20/65

Herbert, James

28 USCI

6/29/65

Hill, Henry

135 USCI, Co. H

6/9/65

Holmes, Bennett

8 USCI

2/17/65, 2/21/65

Holmes, Francis

28 USCI, Co. C

7/3/65, 7/5/65

Horton, Frederick A.

USCI unassigned

12/5/64, 6/6/65

Houston, Alexander

30 USCI, Co. E

7/4/64, (1/21/65)

Howe, Henry

135 USCI, Co. A

6/28/65, 6/29/65

Hubbard, David

29 USCI, Co. H

7/24/65

Hurse, Samuel

27 USCI, Co. I

11/19/64, (1/17/65)

Jackson, Augustus

30 Conn. Col. Inf., Co. C

5/12/64, (1/3/65)

Jackson, Thomas

USCI

3/1/65, 6/21/65

Jackson, William A.

39 USCI, Co. B

12/28/64, 1/3/65

Jacobs, Adolphus

28 USCI, Co. D

8/14/64, (1/20/65)

Jacobs, George

19 Md. Col. Inf., Co. F

3/19/65, 3/21/65

James, Getson (see Getson, James)

James, John

? UCST, Co. A

8/23/64, (1/21/65)

Johnson, Frank

135 USCI, Co. A

6/6/65, 6/7/65

Johnson, Frisby

USCI unassigned

12/15/64, (1/17/65)

Johnson, George

43 USCI, Co. G

8/18/64, (1/20/65)

Johnson, Henry

39 USCI, Co. B

7/8/64, (1/21/65)

Johnson, James

30 Md. Col. Inf., Co. H

11/22/64, (1/17/65)

Johnson, Robert

30 USCI, Co. D

1/30/65, 2/1/65

Johnson, William

25 USCI, Co. H

5/4/65, 5/8/65

Jones, David

43 USCI, Co. A

3/15/65, 3/17/65

Jones, George

3 US Col. Art., Co. E

6/1/65

Jones, William

23 USCI, Co. B

8/19/64, (1/20/65)

Lamb, Hiram

28 USCI, Co. D

11/11/64, 11/12/64, 6/17/65

Lane (Lain), Corp. David

28 USCI, Co. C

12/20/64, (1/17/65)

Lane, Edward

135 USCI, Co. E

7/1/65

Langley (Lawley), Lucas

29 or 39 USCI, Co. G

12/14/64, (1/6/65)

Larew, George

31 USCI, Co. E

8/13/64, (1/17/65)

Larken, Miller

28 USCI, Co. D

12/26/64, 12/29/64

Lawley, Lucas (see Langley, Lucas)

Lincoln, Perry

28 USCI, Co. I

11/9/64, (1/17/65)

Linger (Lyngus), [Orin] James

39 USCI, Co. I

5/17/64, (1/21/65)

Lowe, King

135 USCI, Co. G

7/5/65

Lyle, Peter

135 USCI, Co. A

6/27/65

Lyngus, [Orin] James (see Linger, James)

Mapp, Levi

10 USCI, Co. B

1/21/65, (1/28/65)

Marshall, James

31 USCI, Co. I

10/2/65, (1/10/65)

Mason, Caleb

39 USCI, Co. B

12/20/64, 12/22/64

Mason, George

135 USCI, Co. I

6/6/65

Mason, William

28 USCI, Co. C

11/1/64, (1/17/65)

Maton (Matver), Charles H.

27 USCI, Co. A or G

5/19/64, (1/21/65)

Mattis, Alfred

18 USCI, Co. H

6/7/65

Maxwell, Carter

27 USCI, Co. D

11/8/64, (1/17/65)

McCall, Corp. Gideon

31 USCI, Co. C

10/8/64, 10/9/64, (1/17/65)

McFarren, Albert

116 USCI, Co. A

6/11/65, 6/12/65

McGill, Corp. Albert

28 USCI, Co. G

8/13/64, (1/20/65)

McGrundy, William

29 Ill. Col. Inf., Co. B

7/9/64, (1/21/65)

McNeil, Ramsey

135 USCI, Co. G

6/9/65

Mickley, Corp. Dudley

135 USCI, Co. G

5/18/65, 5/20/65

Miller, Benjamin

30 USCI, Co. K

1/22/65, (1/30/65)

Molson, Samuel

43 USCI, Co. D

8/31/64, (1/21/65)

Moore, Simeon

43 USCI, Co. F

5/16/64, (1/21/65)

Morton, Henry

56 Mass. Inf., Co. E

1/9/65, 1/11/65

Mullen (Mullin), Israel

43 USCI, Co. A

9/16/64, (1/17/65)

Murphy, Shadrach

23 USCI, Co. B

12/25/64, (1/17/65)

Nance, Charles

27 USCI, Co. K

1/12/65, (1/13/65)

Nash, Henry

19 USCI, Co. C

11/14/64, (1/17/65)

Neal, James

23 USCI, Co. B

5/3/65, 5/5/65

Nealey, Isaac

8 USCI, Co. L

4/27/65, 4/28/65

Nelson, Thomas

23 USCI, Co. B

8/22/64, (1/21/65)

Nichols, Columbus

35 USCI, Co. K

6/13/65

Nicholson, John

4 USCI, Co. E

1/21/65

Notts, Richard

43 USCI, Co. G

10/31/64, (1/17/65)

Palmer (Parmer), George

27 USCI, Co. K

2/8/65, 2/10/65

Pannell, Sgt. Frank

1 USCI, Co. K

10/10/65

Parker, Franklin

135 USCI, Co. C

6/7/65, 6/8/65

Parker, Lewis

22 Ind. Col. Inf., Co. B

8/26/64, (1/21/65)

Parker, Littleton

8/14/65

Parren (Parm), Abram

28 USCI, Co. F

1/1/65, 1/3/65

Patrick, Freeman

29 USCI

8/11/65

Paterson, Alex (see Peterson, Alexander)

Paterson, James H. (see Peterson, Jas. H.)

Patterson, Alexander

23 USCI, Co. K

8/7/65, 8/8/65

Paul, Corp. Isaac T.

27 USCI, Co. B

11/20/64, (1/17/65)

Payne, James

31 USCI, Co. G

1/17/65, 1/18/65

Percy, Leonard

23 or 30 USCI, Co. B

8/1/64, (1/21/65)

Peters, Joseph

29 USCI

3/8/65, 3/12/65

Peterson (Paterson), Alexander

31 USCI, Co. D

8/16/64, (1/20/65)

Peterson (Paterson), James H.

31 USCI, Co. E

9/15/64, 9/16/65, (1/17/65)

Posey, Corp. Edward

30 USCI, Co. E

11/9/64, (1/17/65)

Poyle, John F.

19 USCI, Co. A

1/17/65

Quillar (Quillen), Sgt. Elias H.

30 Conn. Col. Inf., Co. C or D

12/11/64, (1/7/65)

Ratcliff, Linton

8 US Col. Art., Co. B

6/5/65, 6/6/65

Ray, Corp. Minard (or Drey, Minor)

43 USCI, Co. E

11/28/64, (1/6/65)

Reddon (Redding), Abraham

28 USCI, Co. A

6/17/65

Reid, David

31 USCI, Co. I

2/10/65, 2/12/65

Ridout, James K.

31 USCI, Co. C

11/29/64, (1/6/65)

Roberts, Harland (Hyland)

3(0?) Conn. Col. Inf., Co. B

6/25/64, (1/21/65)

Rob(b)ins, Willis

28 Ind. Col. Inf. or USCT, Co. D

6/1/64, 6/7/64, (1/21/65)

Roy, Henry

23 USCI, Co. G

6/30/64, (1/21/65)

Russell, John

23 USCI, Co. E

7/3/65

Shephard (Sheppard), Miles

29 Conn. Col. Inf., Co. H

11/5/64, 11/6/64, (1/17/65)

Shirley, William

28 USCI, Co. E

6/29/64, (1/21/65)

Short, Michael

19 USCI, Co. K

12/17/64, 12/18/64, (1/17/65)

Short, William

19 USCI, Co. K

8/22/64, (1/21/65)

Smith, Adam (see Adams, Smith)

Smith, Henry

23 USCI, Co. H

9/3/64, (1/21/65)

Smith, James

39 USCI, Co. E

6/23/64, (1/21/65)

Smith, John

29 Ill. Col. Inf., Co. B or C

12/7/64, (1/6/65)

Smith, Nelson

27 USCI, Co. E

11/2/64, (1/17/65)

Spriggs, George

19 USCI, Co. F

12/1/64, (1/6/65)

Stanton, Frank

17 Army Corps pioneers, Co. C

8/10/65

Stephens, George

19 USCI, Co. K

11/5/64, (1/17/65)

Stephens, Mason

37 USCI, Co. E

2/14/65

Stewart, Lawrence

19 USCI, Co. I

8/17/64, (1/20/65)

Stowers, Samuel

117 USCI, Co. D

9/20/65, 9/29/65

Stop, Henry

27 USCI, Co. I

12/10/64, (1/7/65)

Sutton, James

4/9/65, 4/11/65

Tatterson, John

135 USCI, Co. D

6/12/65

Thomas, Daniel

23 USCI, Co. H

1/3/65

Thomas, Risdon

30 USCI, Co. I

5/10/64, (1/21/65)

Thompson, Corp. George

30 USCI, Co. E

12/9/64, (1/6/65)

Thompson, John

125 USCI, Co. H

9/12/65

Thompson, Robert

29 USCI, Co. E

2/4/65, 2/6/65

Thompson, William H.

19 USCI, Co. E

8/18/64, 8/20/64, (1/21/65)

Thornhill, Reuben

29 Ill. Col. Inf., Co. C

8/20/64, (1/21/65)

Tue, James

30 USCI, Co. H

8/21/64, (1/21/65)

Turner, Alexander

39 USCI, Co. D

8/19/64, (1/20/65)

Underwood, Eugene

115 USCI, Co. B

9/1/65, 9/2/65

Vinegar, George Washington

16 USCI

5/10/65, 5/12/65

Wade, Frank

27 USCI, Co. K

12/25/64, (1/17/65)

Walker, Robert

23 USCI, Co. G

7/24/65

Watkins, Henry

28 USCI, Co. K

11/24/64, (1/6/65)

Watkins, Henry

39 USCI, Co. G

8/16/64, (1/20/65)

Watson, Henry

23 USCI, Co. G

8/25/64, (1/21/65)

Watts, Emery

39 USCI

6/19/65, 6/20/65

White, George

31 USCI, Co. A

12/9/64, (1/7/65)

White, Sgt. Samuel

29 Ill. Col. Inf., Co. A

9/5/64, (1/21/65)

Whiting, Sgt. Alfred

54 USCI, Co. I

6/26/65, 6/27/65

Wilkinson, James Henry (Joseph H.)

39 USCI, Co. K

8/13/64, (1/20/65)

Williams, Elias

28 USCI, Co. C

5/2/65, 5/3/65

Williams, James

29 USCI, Co. A

10/23/64, (1/17/65)

Williams, Robert

19 or 39 USCI, Co. C

6/28/64, (1/21/65)

Willis, John H.

23 USCI, Co. H

5/8/65, 5/9/65

Wilson, Joseph H.

5 Mass. Col. Cav., Co. F

3/25/65

Wilson, Perry

30 USCI, Co. G

12/28/64, (1/2/65)

Wilson, Reuben

29 USCI, Co. E

8/20/64, (1/21/65)

Wilson, Samuel

27 USCI, Co. C

12/20/64, 12/22/64

Wood, William

39 USCI, Co. D

1/9/65, 1/11/65

Woolford, John

19 USCI, Co. G

8/10/64

Wright, Stephen H.

39 USCI, Co. K

6/20/64, 629/64, (1/21/65)

York, James

39 USCI, Co. C

11/14/64, (1/17/65)

Young, Samuel

39 USCI, Co. G

12/6/64, (1/6/65)

 


Freedmen's Cemetery Historical Site Marker - E 109 Freedmen's Cemetery - Federal authorities established a cemetery here for newly freed African Americans during the Civil War. In January 1864, the military governor of Alexandria confiscated for use as a burying ground an abandoned pasture from a family with Confederate sympathies. About 1,700 freed people, including infants and black Union soldiers, were interred here before the last recorded burial in January 1869. Most of the deceased had resided in what is known as Old Town and in nearby rurual settlements. Despite mid-twentieth-century construction projects, many burials remain undisturbed. A list of those interred here has also survived.

Friends of Freedmenís Cemetery
638 North Alfred Street
Alexandria, Virginia 22314
E-mail: freedmen@juno.com

Freedmen's Cemetery Logo - This logo was designed by Alexandria Archaeology Assistant City Archaeologist, Dr. Steven Shephard, in 2006. The beautifully executed final drawing was made by Alexandria Archaeology volunteer, Mr. Andrew Flora, who made a few modifications. At the center of the logo is a headboard of the design seen in historic photographs of the Alexandria National Cemetery, established at the north end of Wilkes Street in 1862. These grave markers were supplied by the U.S. Army Quartermaster Department in Alexandria and records state that this department also supplied the headboards and coffins for Freedmens Cemetery. The pine boards were whitewashed and the plot number, and presumably, the name of the deceased, and possibly the date of death, were painted in black on the headboard. The number 1864 in the logo represents the year that the cemetery was established. The black silhouette of the African American woman in the center of the board is meant to represent the people, the Freedmen, who were buried at the cemetery. Civilian men, women and many children were buried here, along with African American soldiers of the United States Colored Troops. The rays radiating from the top of the headboard are meant to represent the light of freedom, as well as the souls of the Freedmen ascending into heaven and their final reward. The F and C are for Freedmen's Cemetery. The surrounding broken chain wreath symbolizes the severed bonds of slavery which resulted from the American Civil War which transformed Alexandria and the nation.

April 29th, 2007