The Friends of Freedmen's Cemetery


Alexandria Real and Personal Property Taxes
Paid by African Americans, 1865

Drawing of Men Voting
By A.W. M'Callum, Harper's Weekly, June 22, 1867.
Library of Congress

Alexandria's 1865 tax assessments are the first to record, in substantial numbers, the names of the many African Americans who were, until less than three years earlier, still slaves. The names herein recorded are, of course, heads of households and adult males; the researcher looks in vain for most women and any children. Those with no information after their names were simply charged the "head tax" and owned no taxable real or personal property in town. Unlike most of Alexandria's tax assessments of the era, those of 1865 were arranged roughly alphabetically, by first name of surname (here, they have been placed in complete alphabetical order). Other years' assessments were taken in order as found along the tax collectors' canvassing routes, better pinpointing locations. For many of the real estate entries here, however, a street name is recorded. This, of course, narrows down the address, but only within the confines of the town ward. These entries are interesting, both in their valuations and descriptions. A "house & lot" indicates ownership of just that. A "house" alone, suggests the ownership of only a dwelling upon a lot occupied either by virtue of paying a ground rent to the lot's owner or by simply squatting. Descriptions in various contemporary sources suggest that, in the overcrowded war-era town, African American shantytowns sprang up on both abandoned property and rented lots. Valuations of as little as $25 or $50 do suggest the frequent appearance of veritable shanties, in a town where the smallest brick houses on lots would be valued at about $300. Transcribed by Timothy Dennée for the Friends of Freedmen's Cemetery, 2001, all rights reserved.

WARD ONE

ASHER, Albert, house $75

BENNETT, Daniel (David?), house Royal Street $200

BERRY, George

BIRD, Jacqueline

BOLTON, Rebecca, house Royal Street $100

BOOSE, Frederick, house Pitt Street $100

BROOKINS, Joseph, house Royal Street $50

BROOKS, Arthur

BROOKS, George, wagon & horse

CARTER, Francis, house & lot Royal Street $200

CARTER, Mary, house Royal Street $100

CAVINS, George

CHAPMAN, Addison

COLE, George W.

COLEMAN, James, house Pitt Street $100

COOK, Eli

CORUM, Benjamin

DAGAN, John, house & lot Water Street $1500

DUDLEY, Nancy, house & lot Royal Street $900; furniture; clock; three cows

EVANS, Edward, house & lot Royal Street $800

EVANS, Orlando

FOLE, Silas, house Gibbon Street $100

FOULKS (Faulkes), Basil, house Royal Street $100

GAINES, James

GAINES, John, house & lot Royal Street $100

GAY, Charles

GILDERSON, Strother, house Gibbon Street $100

GRIFFIN, Isaac, house Fairfax Street $200; watch

GRIFFIN, John

JACKSON, Alfred

JACKSON, Charles

JACKSON, Henry

JACKSON, Lemuel, house Royal Street $100; watch

JACKSON, Leonard, house Royal Street $100

JARBOE, Andrew

JOHNSON, Samuel

JOHNSON, Thomas, house Royal Street $150

JOHNSON, William

JONES, Benjamin

KEITH, Henry

KEITH, Samuel

KING, George

KITS, Moses

LACEY, Webb

LEE, Andrew, house Fairfax Street $50

LEE, Henry

LOUKINS, Joseph

LUCAS, David

LUCAS, John

MAGRUDER, Edwin, house at Wolfe & Royal Streets $200

MARSHAL, Samuel, house & lot Wolfe Street; clock

MARTIN, George, house & lot Fairfax Street $250

McGUIRE, William

MORGAN, James

MORGAN, Wesly

PARIS, Robert, watch

PARKS, Moses

PATTERSON, Samuel

RANDAL, Robert, house Gibbon Street $100

RANDALL, Reuben

SAVOY, Mary, house & lot Royal Street $1000; house & lot alley $300; clock

SCOTT, Logan

SEALES, George

SMITH, Benjamin

SMITH, Jeremiah

SMITH, William

STONNELL, John

STRAIGHT, George

SWANN, William

TANSELL [Tancil], Isaac

TAYLOR, John

TAYLOR, Joseph, house Gibbon & Royal Streets $100

TAYLOR, Robert

THOMAS, Jacob

THOMAS, Wellington

TRIPLETT, James

WARNER, Shelton

WASHINGTON, George, house & lot Royal Street $500

WASHINGTON, William

WASHINGTON, William, furniture

WEAVER, William, furniture

WEEKS, Henry

WHITE, Arthur, watch

WHITING, Carter, house & lot Wolfe Street $300

WILLIAMS, Jacob

WILLIAMS, John

WILLIAMS, Moses

WILLIAMS, Robert

WILLIAMS, Wesley

WILSON, Edward

WARD TWO

ALLEN, David, house $75

ALLEN, William, house $50

ARNOLD, Edward

BAILEY, Henry, house $100

BAKER, David, house $50

BANKS, Col, house $50

BARNES, John C., house $100

BARNES, Oscar, two houses $125

BARNETT, Richard, house $100

BEALL, Robert, house $75

BELL, Robert, house at Pitt & Prince Streets $400; three houses on Royal Street $300

BIAS, Selden, house $100

BIRD, William, house $100

BLACKBURN, James, house $50

BLACKWELL, James, watch

BLAIR, Benjamin P., house $50

BLUE, Virgine, house $50

BIRRELL, Lyttleton

BOHLS, Willoughby, house $100

BOTTS, George, house $150

BOWSER, John, house $100

BRADFORD, Thomas, house $50

BRENCH, Philip

BRENT, Arthur

BRIGGS, Eli

BROOKS, John, house $200

BROOKS, Peter, house $75; horse

BROWN, James, house $50

BROWN, Robert

BROWN, Willis, house $50

BROWN, Wolf

BUCKNER, Francis, house $50

BUCKNER, William, house $50

BUMBEE, Aaron, house $50

BUNDY, Fielding

BUNDY, John, house $50

BUTLER, Beverly, watch

BUTLER, Scott, house $75

CAMPBELL, Joseph

CARROLL, Thomas

CARTER, Jourdan, house $50

CHAMBERS, Frank, house $50

CHAPMAN, B., house $150

CHRISTIAN, Albert, house $100

CHURCHES, Albert

CLANNIGAN, Alex, house $50

CLARKE, Nelson, house $50

CLAYTON, John

COLEMAN, Gabriel

COLEMAN, Henry, house $50

COLEMAN, Thomas, house $50

COLEMAN, William

COMBS, Robert, house $50

CONWAY, A.G.

CONWAY, John, house $50

CORBETT, Frederick, house $75

CORBIN, William

COOPER, William

COOPER, William

CURRIER, Hiram

CRAIG, John, house $50

DANIELS, Willis

DAVIS, Arthur

DAVIS, Rebecca, house $100

DAVIS, William, house $150

DILLARD, Norwood

DOLEMAN, Thornton, house $50

DORSEY, John

DOUGLASS, Jesse

DOWELL, Anthony, house $100

DUNCAN, Cor., watch

EARLY, Orange, house $100

EDWARDS, Wilson, house $50

ESSEX, George, house $50

FENIX [Phoenix], Harrison

FONTAIN, Henry

FOOKS, Charles, house $50

FOOKS, Moses, house $50

FRANKLIN, George

FREEMAN, Henry

FRY, Joseph, house $50

FRY, Willis, house & lot $250

GARRY, Joseph

GIBBS, Moses, house $50

GIBBSON, Allen, house $50

GIBSON, Israel, house $75

GIBSON, Scott

GILES, Louis

GOODMAN, George, house $50

GRANT, Peter, house $100

GRAVES, Frederick, house $50

GRAY, Fettick

GREEN, Stephen, house $50

GRIFFIN, James

GRIFFIN, William

HALL, John

HARRIS, John

HARRIS, Thomas, house $50

HARRIS, William, house $50

HARRISON, Jeremiah, house $50

HARRISON, Lewis

HEATH, Thomas

HEDGEMAN, George, house $100

HENDERSON, Albert

HENDERSON, Samuel, house $150

HENTON, Miles, house $50

HEPBURN, Moses, house & lot on Pitt Street $1000

HILL, Jereh

HILL, John

HOLMES, Wilton, house $25

HOWARD, Daniel

HOWARD, Sven

JACKSON, Alfred

JACKSON, French, house $100

JACKSON, Gabriel, house $50

JACKSON, Moses

JACKSON, Reuben, house $100

JACKSON, William, house on Water Street $100

JENNINGS, Wilson

JONES, Alfred

JONES, Alfred, house $50

JONES, Daniel, house $50

JONES, Daniel, house $25

JONES, Samuel, house $100

JOSHUA, Thomas, house $125

KING, Albert T., house $75

KING, George T.

KING, William

KYER, Sandy, house & lot $100

KYLE, Marshal, house $50

LEE, Armistead, house on Pitt Street $100

LEE, Wesley

LEVERETT, Jackson, house $50

LEWIS, Jesse, house $75

LEWIS, Robert

LOMAX, David

LUCAS, Albert, house $25

LUCAS, George, house $50

MALVIN, Henry

MARRS, John, house $50

MARSHALL, Henry, house $100

MARSHALL, Johannah, house $50

MASON, Charles

MASON, John

MASON, Peter

McGEE, Daniel

MINOR, John, house $50

MINOR, Thomas, house $50

MONROE, George, house $100

MORGAN, Augustus

MORGAN, Haywood, house $50

MORGAN, Lewis

MORRIS, James, house $50

MURPHY, Elijah, house $300

MURRAY, William, house $400; two clocks

NEWMAN, Hamilton

NEWMAN, Henry, house $75

PARKER, Christopher, house $50

PARKER, Richard, house $50

PAYNE, James

PEACH, Gibson, house & lot on Queen Street $1000; lot at Pitt & Queen Streets; lot on Queen Street $200

PENDLETON, Boyd, house $50

PENDLETON, Spencer

PIPER, James, horse & wagon; clock

POLES, Miner

PORTER, Jacob, house $50

POTTER, Levi, house $150

PRICE, Addison

PRYOR, James, house $100

QUARLES, Levi

REDDICK, Benjamin

RICHARDSON, William

ROBINSON, H.C.

ROGERS, Reuben, house $50

ROLLINS, Dennis

ROSS, Robert, two houses $100

ROY, Daniel

ROYSTER, James, house $50

SLAUGHTER, Richard, house $100

SMALLWOOD, William

SMITH, Edward

SPLOSER, George

STEWART, Albert

STEWART, Samuel

STROTHERS, Horace, house $25

SUDDEN, Lewis, house $50

SUMWELL, Joseph

TATE, James

TAYLOR, Moses, house $25

TAYLOR, Robert, house $50

THOMAS, John, house $100

THORNTON, Harrison

TEBBS, Albert, house $75

TEBBS, Limerick, house $50

TIBBS, Albert, house on Water Street $100

TIBBS, Conway, house $50

TIBBS, Gibbon, house on Water Street $100

TIBBS, Nimrod, house on Water Street $100

TIBBS, Simeon, house $50

TOLER, Peter, house $50

TOLER, Philip, house $50

TOLLIVER, Alexander, house & lot $50

TOLLIVER, Matthew, house on Water Street $100

TOLLIVER, Samuel

TOLLS, Arthur, house $50

TOLLS, Jared, house $50

TURNER, Thomas

TWINEMAN, George

VAUGHN, Thomas, house $50

VERNON, John, house $50

VERNON, Patrick

WALKER, David, house $25

WALTON, Mrs. George, house $50

WARD, Luke

WARD, Ryland

WARE, Kinsey, house $75; piano

WARNER, Henry, house $50

WASHINGTON, Alfred, house $50

WASHINGTON, George

WASHINGTON, George

WASHINGTON, George

WASHINGTON, George, house $50

WASHINGTON, Haywood, house $100

WASHINGTON, Henry

WASHINGTON, James

WASHINGTON, James, house $50

WASHINGTON, Lee, house $25

WASHINGTON, William

WEBB, Smith, house $200

WEBSTER, Andrew

WELFORD, Samuel, two houses $50

WEST, Major

WHEELER, Richard

WHITE, Daniel

WHITE, Erasmus, house $50

WHITE, Temple

WHITING, Peter

WICKS, Benjamin, house $100

WILLIAMS, Edward

WILLIAMS, John, house $100

WILLIAMS, Sandy

WILLIAMS, Thomas

WINDFRY, James

WINFIELD, Augustus

WINFIELD, Robert

WINTERS, William

WINTERS, Pap, house & lot $500

WISE, Nelson, house $50

WRAY, William, house $75

WRIGHT, William

YONNEL, G.W.

WARD THREE

ADDISON, Thomas

ALLEN, James, house $200

ALLEN, Thomas

ARNOLD, Hiram, silver watch

ATWELL, Albert, house $150

BAILEY, Daniel

BAKER, Ed., horse & wagon

BAKER, Wesley

BALLARD, Demos, house on Queen Street $100

BALTIMORE, James

BALTIMORE, Peyton, silver watch

BARBER, John, clock

BECKLEY, Rozier D., furniture

BELL, Elijah

BELL, Henry, house on Washington Street $50

BERRY, Thomas, house $50

BLISH, Henry, house on Queen Street $100

BRADDOCK, Robert, four houses & lots on alley $1150; furniture

BROOKS, Francis

BROOKS, Wesley

BROWN, George, house $50

BROWN, Henry

BROWN, Martha, house $200

BROWN, Nathaniel, house on Queen Street $100

BURKE, William H., cow

BURRELL, Thomas, house $100

BUTLER, Welfrey, house $25

BUTTS, William, silver watch

CANLEY, Thomas, house on Queen Street $200

CAREY, Isaac, house $100

CARROLL, Edward, house on Queen Street $50

CARROLL, Henry

CARTER, Ann, house & lot at Patrick & Cameron Streets $200

CARTER, James, silver watch

CARTER, Philip, house on Henry Street $150

CARTER, Robert, house $50

CHAMBERS, Perry

CHASE, Francis

COBBIN, Robert

COLE, Elias, house & lot on Queen Street $50

COLE, Thomas, house & lot on Queen Street $200

CONLON, Catherine, house & lot on Fayette Street $400

CONN, John A.

COPELAND, David

CRAIG, Welson, house on Washington Street $50

CRISMOND, George

CROSS, Anderson, house on Fayette Street $100

CRUMP

DAVENPORT, Christopher

DAVIS, David, watch

DAVIS, John

DAVIS, Thomas, watch

DEAN, Robert, house on Payne Street $100

DEERING, Jesse

DIGGS, Peter, house $50

DIGGS, William, house $50

DIX, George

DIXON, John, clock

DIXON, Nimrod, house on Queen Street $100

DONNELL, Louisa, horse & wagon

DORSEY, James

DOUGLASS, George P.

FAIRFAX, George S., house & lot on Henry Street $300

FAIRFAX, James, house & lot at Patrick & Cameron Streets $300

FIELDS, John, watch

FIELDS, Richard, house $50

FIELDS, Thomas

FLETCHER, Robert, house $75

FOOTE, William, furniture; clock

FORD, Daniel

FOSTER, Thomas

FOURD, Willaim

FRACTIOUS, Hamshier [Hampshire], house & lot on Queen Street $2100

FREEMAN, Thomas, house on Payne Street $200

GANETT, Matthew

GANT, Charles, house on Queen Street $100

GANT, James, house on Queen Street $300

GASKINS, Frank, house $50

GIBSON, Carrol

GRAY, Jacob, house $100

GRAY, William, house & lot $800; three houses and lots on Peyton Street $1500

GRAYSON, Thomas, house & lot on Henry Street $300

GRAYSON, Walker

GREEN, Henry

HAILSTON, Broadus

HARRIS, John, house & lot on Queen Street $100

HARRIS, Samuel, house on Fayette Street $100

HARRIS, Spencer

HARRIS, Thomas, house $50

HARVEY, Peter

HARVEY, Samuel

HAWKINS, George, house $50

HAWKINS, William

HENDERSON, William, clock

HEPBURN, Moses

HEWES, Charles

HODGE, Solomon

HOWARD, James, house $50

HUDLEY, Joseph, house on Payne Street $300

JACKSON, Andrew, house $50

JACKSON, Anthony

JACKSON, George

JACKSON, Harriet, house $100

JACKSON, Thomas, house $50

JACKSON, Warren, house $50

JOHNSON, Alfred, house & lot on Queen Street $100

JOHNSON, Benjamin, house $50

JOHNSON, Frank, house & lot on Fayette Street $100

JOHNSON, John

JOHNSON, Peyton

JOHNSON, Richard, house $50

JOHNSON, Samuel, watch

JOHNSON, Thomas, house on Washington Street $50

JOHNSON, Thornton

JONES, Benjamin

JONES, Daniel

JONES, Mary, house & lot on Queen Street $200

KING, Hannibal

KING, William, house on Queen Street $100

LANES, Lewis

LAWSON, John, house on Queen Street $200

LEE, Adam

LEE, Friday

LEE, George

LEE, Lewis, house on Fayette Street $100

LOMAX, Page

MADDEN, Burgess, house on Payne Street $150

MADDING, William, house $50

MADEN, Strother, house & lot on Queen Street $100

MADISON, James

MAJORS, William

MANSFIELD, John

MARSHAL, Thomas, house on Queen Street $125

MARTIN, George, house $100

MASSEY, Edward, house on Fayette Street $100

McCOY, Horatio, house on Queen Street $200; horse & wagon

MEDLEY, John

MILES, James, house at Payne & Queen Streets $150

MILLER, Matthew

MILLER, Wesly

MILLS, William

MINER, Strother, house on Fayette Street $150

MOORE, John

MOORE, John

MOORE, William

MOXLEY, Richard

MURRAY, George

NEWMAN, Horace, house on Queen Street $100

NEWTON, Mason, house on Fayette Street $100

NICHOLS, Charles

NOBLE, Edward

NORRIS, David, clock

NUBY [Newby?], Daniel

OLIVER, William

ORES, Surry

PAGE, Fielding

PAUL, Vincent, house on Queen Street $100

PAYNE, Alex

PAYNE, Alexander

PAYNE, John

PETERS, Henry

PHILIPS, Nelson, house on Queen Street $150

PINKNEY, Frank

PINKWOOD, Spencer

PIPER, James, house & lot on St. Asaph Street $300; house & lot on St. Asaph Street $100

POWELL, Birrell

POWELL, Morton

PRESTON, Charles

QUANDER, Ann, house on Patrick Street $150

RANDALL, Edward, house on Queen Street $100

RANDALL, Edward, house $50

RICHARDS, Charles, house $50

ROY, Caleb, house on Fayette Street $100

ROY, George, house on Washington Street $50

ROY, William & Henry Williams, house & lot on Henry Street $400; clock; two watches

RUSSELL, Moses, house & lot on alley $00; horse & wagon

SCOTT, John, house $50

SCOTT, William

SCOTT, Wilson

SHARP, John, house $50

SHELTON, Jeremiah, house on Queen Street $100

SKINNER, Daniel

SMITH, Enoch, house $300

SMITH, Henry, house on Queen Street $150

SOLOMON, Wilson

STEWART, Arthur

STEWART, Leonard

STROTHER, James

THOMAS, Samuel

THOMPSON, George, house & lot $50

THOMPSON, William, house on Queen Street $100

THORNTON, John

THORNTON, Lucinda, house & lot on alley $200

TRAVERS, John, house $50

TRUEMAN, house $50

TUCKER, Caesar

WANZER, Carter, house on Washington Street $25

WARNER, Henderson, house $50

WASHINGTON, George, house $50

WASHINGTON, Violet, house on Queen Street $25

WATSON, James

WEST, Charles

WEST, Malcolm, house on Payne Street $100

WHITE, Charles, house $50

WHITE, Joseph

WHITE, Pearson, house on Queen Street $100

WHITING, Francis

WILLIAMS, Benjamin, two houses on Queen Street $300

WILLIAMS, Henry & William Roy, house & lot on Henry Street $400; clock; two watches

WILLIAMS, Lewis, house $100

WILLIAMS, William

YOUNG, Stephen

WARD FOUR

ADDISON, Stepney, house $100

ALEXANDER, John, house on Duke Street $100

ALLEN, James

ANDERSON, Lewis

ANDERSON, Richard

ASH, Edmund

BARKER, A., house $125

BATISTE, William

BECKLEY, John, house & lot on Prince Street $800; furniture

BECKLEY, Rozier D., lot on Fayette Street $200

BECKLEY, William

BELL, George

BERRY, Bassett

BERRY, Lambeth, house on Duke Street

BERRY, William

BIGGS, Daniel

BLACKBURN, Joseph

BLACKBURN, Richard

BLACKWELL, B., house $100

BOWE, Charles, house $200

BROWN, Cubit

BROWN, Francis, house & lot on St. Asaph Street $700

BROWN, Henry

BROWN, Robert

BROWN, William

BRUCE, Charles

BRYAN, Edward, house on Commerce Street $100

BRYAN, George, house & lot on Gibbon Street $500

BRYAN, Thomas B., house & lot on Prince Street $800

BRYANT, W.C., house & lot on Washington Street $500

BURKE, Dulany

BURL, Paris, house & lot on alley $600

BURL, Washington, house $100

BUTLER, Alonzo & James Harris, lot $200

BUTLER, Robert, house & lot on Washington Street $350

CASTLE, Daniel

CHAPMAN, George, house & lot on Duke Street $1000; furniture; clock

CHAPMAN, Henry

CHASE, Robert

CLAGGETT, William, clock

CLARK, Nathaniel

CLARK, Sarah, house & lot on Gibbon Street $400

COATES, James

COLE, William, horse & wagon

COLES, Isaac

CONTEE, Jonathan

COOLEY, John, house $200; furniture

COOPER, George, house $250

CORBIN, James, house $100

CRAIG, William, house at Duke & West Streets $100

CREDIT, John

CROGIN, Charles, house $200

CUBITT, Robert

DARNELL, Henry, house & lot on West Street $400

DARNELL, Robert

DAVIS, John, house & lot on St. Asaph Street $700

DIGGS, Richard, house & lot on Alfred Street $250

DIGGS, William

DODSON, Sidney

DOGAN, Charles

DORSEY, Alexander

DORSEY, Benjamin

DULANEY, Henry, house & lot on Columbus Street $500

DUNDAS, Samuel, house on Alfred Street $50

FAIRFAX, George, house $400; clock

FANTROY, Champ

FANTROY, John

FANTZ, Richard

FERGUSON, Joseph

FITZHUGH, Stephen

FOSTER, Robert, house at Duke & West Streets $100

FRANCIS, A., house $100

FRANKLIN, Benjamin

FRANKLIN, George, house at Duke & Columbus Streets $200

FRANKLIN, estate of Robert, three houses & lots at Washington & Gibbon Streets $1500

FRAZIER, George D., house at Commerce & Payne Streets $100

GASKINS, Albert

GASKINS, John

GRAY, William, house & lot on Prince Street $1500; horse & wagon; furniture; clock; watch

GREY, Jeremiah, house $100

GRIMES, Washington, house $125

GWYNNE, Jeremiah, house $150

HALL, Beall

HALL, Benjamin

HALL, Henry

HARRIS, Edmund

HARRIS, Norval, house $300

HAWKINS, Richard

HAWKINS, Robert

HEDLEY, Charles, house on Commerce Street $100

HENDERSON, Charles, house at Duke & West Streets $100

HENDERSON, Ephraim, house & lot on Washington Street $250

HENRY, Charles

HENRY, Edward

HOLMES, Tolliver

HOPKINS, Peter

HOPPER, Evaline, house & lot on Duke Street $800

HUDGIN, Robert, house $100

IVES, William, house $150

JACKSON, Andrew, house $100

JACKSON, Caleb, house $100

JACKSON, Dennis, house $150

JACKSON, Edward

JACKSON, Turner

JACKSON, Warner, house on Alfred Street $150

JOHNSON, Nace

JOHNSON, Robert

JOHNSON, Sandy

JOHNSON, Willis, house on Washington Street $150

JONES, Albert

JONES, Henry

JONES, Seth

JORDAN, Thomas

KELLY, Robertson

LANCASTER, Richard, horse & wagon; cow

LANGDON, John

LEE, Moses, house $100

LEONARD, Peter

LEWIS, Daniel

LEWIS, Thomas

LLOYD, John

LOCKMAN, William

LOGAN, Noble

LOGAN, William, house & lot on alley $400

LOGAN, William

LOGANS, Sallie, house & lot $600

LONDON, Frederick

LONDON, George

LUCAS, Walter

LYLES, Richard, house & lot on Columbus Street $400; furniture

LYLES, William, house & lot on Alfred Street $600

LYNCH, Jeremiah, furniture; clock

MADELLA, John, clock

MAGRUDER, Peter

MARBLE, Israel, two houses and lots on St. Asaph Street $1400

MARSHAL, Charles

MARSHAL, Moody

MASON, George

MASON, Matthew, Mason, house $100

MATTHEW, George

MEDELLA, Silas, clock

MILLS, William

MITCHELL, George, house on Prince Street $100; house & lot on Prince Street $800; clock

MORGAN, Daniel

MORGAN, William, silver watch

MORTON, Strother, house & lot on St. Asaph Street $1200; horse & wagon; furniture, clock

MOSS, Thomas M., house $100

MOWER, William

MURRAY, Lawrence

MYERS, Basil, horse & wagon

NELSON, George, house & lot on Alfred Street $250

NELSON, Georgianna, house $100

NELSON, W., house $100

NICKINS, Hezekiah

NICKINS, James

NICKINS, William, lot $150

NORRIS, Oliver, house on St. Asaph Street $150

NOWLAND, Alfred

NOWLAND, G., house $100

PARKER, Joseph, house $400

PAUGH, Anderson

PAYNE, John

PAYNE, John, house on Gibbon Street $600

PINN, Travis B., house & lot on Duke Street $500

POORER, Pompey, lot on Alfred Street $100

QUEEN, Henry, house $100

RANDALL, Lewis

RANDOLPH, Henry, house $150

RANDOLPH, William

RECTOR, Robert

REEVES, M., two houses $100

ROBBINS, John

ROE, Henry, two houses & lots on West Street $500; horse & wagon

ROSS, John, furniture

RUNNELLS, Ephraim

SAUNDERS, John

SEALES, Charles, house on Alfred Street $150

SEATON, estate of George, two houses & lots on Washington Street $500; five houses & lots at Franklin & Washington Streets $2000

SEATON, George, two houses and lots on Gibbon Street $1000; house & lot at St. Asaph & Wolfe Streets $2500; lot at Washington & Gibbon Streets $600; furniture; clock

SEATON, Wallace

SHELTON, H., house $150

SHEPHARD, Thornton, house on Gibbon Street $200; clock

SHORT, Martin

SINGLETON, Charles, watch

SMITH, Elsey

SMITH, James

SMITH, John O., house at Duke & West Streets $100

SMITH, Robert

SOLOMON, Townshend, house & lot on West Street $400

SPRIGG, Mary, house & lot on Gibbon Street $150

SPRIGGS, Daniel

SPRIGGS, Fielding, house at Commerce & Payne Streets $150

STEWART, Fendall, house at Alfred & Gibbon Streets $150

STEWART, M., house $125

STROTHER, Presley, house on Washington Street $200

STUKELY, William, furniture

SUMBY, Henry, clock

SUMMERS, Wesley

SYPHAX, Lewis, watch

TAYLOR, Beverly

TAYLOR, John

TAYLOR, Robert, house $300

THOMAS, Walker, house $150

THOMPSON, Eli

THORNTON, Samuel, house & lot on Columbus Street $500

THORNTON, Thomas

TIBBS, Solomon

TOLIVER, Charles, house on Alfred Street $350

TURNER, John

VALENTINE, Thomas

VALES, Spencer

VANDERGRIFT, V., house $100

WARD, Charles

WARNER, Thomas

WASHINGTON, George, house & lot on Prince Street $800

WASHINGTON, William, house on Commerce Street $50

WASHINGTON, William

WASHINGTON, William H., house & lot on St. Asaph Street $500

WATSON, Charles, house & lot on alley $400; horse & wagon; watch

WATSON, John, house on Gibbon Street $100

WATSON, Laura C., house & lot on Gibbon Street $500

WATSON, William

WEBSTER, James, house & lot "back of Church" $400; watch

WEBSTER, James, house on Alfred Street $400

WEST, Armistead

WILKINSON, Alexander, house on Commerce Street $150

WILLIAMS, Harriet, house & lot on St. Asaph Street $700

WILLIAMS, Henry

WILLIAMS, James

WILLIAMS, James

WILLIAMS, James

WILLIAMS, James

WILLIAMS, Louis, two houses and lots on alley $600

WILLIAMS, Pompey

WILLIAMS, Robert

WILLIAMS, Robert, wagon & two horses

WILLIAMS, Samuel, house & lot on Columbus Street $500; three cows

WILLIAMS, Samuel

WILLIAMS, W.

YOUNG, Isaac et al., house on Prince Street $150


Freedmen's Cemetery Historical Site Marker - E 109 Freedmen's Cemetery - Federal authorities established a cemetery here for newly freed African Americans during the Civil War. In January 1864, the military governor of Alexandria confiscated for use as a burying ground an abandoned pasture from a family with Confederate sympathies. About 1,700 freed people, including infants and black Union soldiers, were interred here before the last recorded burial in January 1869. Most of the deceased had resided in what is known as Old Town and in nearby rurual settlements. Despite mid-twentieth-century construction projects, many burials remain undisturbed. A list of those interred here has also survived.

Friends of Freedmenís Cemetery
638 North Alfred Street
Alexandria, Virginia 22314
E-mail: freedmen@juno.com

Freedmen's Cemetery Logo - This logo was designed by Alexandria Archaeology Assistant City Archaeologist, Dr. Steven Shephard, in 2006. The beautifully executed final drawing was made by Alexandria Archaeology volunteer, Mr. Andrew Flora, who made a few modifications. At the center of the logo is a headboard of the design seen in historic photographs of the Alexandria National Cemetery, established at the north end of Wilkes Street in 1862. These grave markers were supplied by the U.S. Army Quartermaster Department in Alexandria and records state that this department also supplied the headboards and coffins for Freedmens Cemetery. The pine boards were whitewashed and the plot number, and presumably, the name of the deceased, and possibly the date of death, were painted in black on the headboard. The number 1864 in the logo represents the year that the cemetery was established. The black silhouette of the African American woman in the center of the board is meant to represent the people, the Freedmen, who were buried at the cemetery. Civilian men, women and many children were buried here, along with African American soldiers of the United States Colored Troops. The rays radiating from the top of the headboard are meant to represent the light of freedom, as well as the souls of the Freedmen ascending into heaven and their final reward. The F and C are for Freedmen's Cemetery. The surrounding broken chain wreath symbolizes the severed bonds of slavery which resulted from the American Civil War which transformed Alexandria and the nation.

April 29th, 2007