The Friends of Freedmen's Cemetery

"A list of Free Negroes in the County of Alexandria
returned delinquent for the non-payment of Capitation Tax
for the year 1859
Charles M. Castleman, Deputy Sheriff
James Sangster, Sheriff of said County."

Free adult males and females heads of household were required to pay an annual "head tax" of one dollar each, in addition to any real and personal property taxes owed. The following is a list of those free African Americans who had failed to pay the 1859 tax by June 5, 1860. Three names were crossed out, as either mistakes or late payers. As for the rest, there is a notation that they possessed no real property in the county upon which could be placed a lien. The document is from the Library of Virginia. The names were originally arranged roughly in alphabetical order, by the first letter of each surname. The names have here been put in full alphabetical order. All abbreviated first names have been spelled out. A few names have been corrected for spelling errors. T.D.

Adams, George

Adams, J.L.

Addison, Alfred

Addison, Frederick

Ball, William

Beckley, Anna

Blackburn, Dennis

Blackburn, Harrison

Bowden, Addison

Bradshaw, Charles

Brannan, Samuel

Brooks, Frederick

Brown, Daniel (dead)

Bruce, Charles

Burke, William H.

Camdackle, Daniel

Carter, Edward

Carter, George

Coates, Charles

Cavings, Henry

Clarke, Nathaniel

Collins, James

Collins, Richard

Crawford, Daniel

Cryer, John

Cupit, Robert

Darnell, George

Darnell, Henry

Darnell, Wesley

Davis, Lewis A.

Derricks, Robert

Dogan, Norman

Dorsey, Benjamin

Douglass, Elliotte

Douglass, George

Douglass, William

Epps, John

Fair, Alfred

Field, William

Ford, Daniel

Ford, John

Grayson, Thomas

Harris, Addison

Hawkins, Robert

Henry, Henry

Hepburn, A.

Hopkins, Peter

Hutchinson, Joseph

Hyson, Henry

Hyson, Big John

Hyson, Little John

Jackson, John

Jackson, Lydia

Jackson, Nace

Jackson, Richard

Jackson, Robert

Jones, Daniel

Jones, Joseph H.

Lane, Flavius

Lane, William

Lee, Henry

Lee, Henry

Lee, Luke

Lee, Samuel K.

Loudon, Frederick

Madella, Armistead

Madella, John

Madella, Richard

Martin, Thomas

Middleton, David

Mortimore, Henry

Mortimore, Henson

Nokes, Edward

Noland, James

Noland, James

Parker, Joseph

Payne, Elijah

Payne, James

Payne, John Jr.

Phenix, Augustine

Quander, Adam

Randolph, William

Reed, Benjamin

Ross, John

Sangster, William

Seales, Charles

Seales, Spencer

Seaton, Randolph

Shelton, John

Skinner, Daniel

Smith, Randal

Solomon, Wilson

Stepney, William

Syphax, Austin

Syphax, Calvert

Syphax, Cornelius

Syphax, Lewis

Syphax, Slater

Syphax, William

Talbott, Francis

Talbott, John

Thompson, John

Thompson, Eliza

Thornton, Thomas

Turley, Bus[h]rod

Valentine, Thomas

Ward, Charles

Warner, B.

Washington, George

Waters, John

Weaver, William

Weir, Kinzey

Weir, Philip

West, C.H.

Williams, Joseph

Wilson, Washington

Wright, Francis


Freedmen's Cemetery Historical Site Marker - E 109 Freedmen's Cemetery - Federal authorities established a cemetery here for newly freed African Americans during the Civil War. In January 1864, the military governor of Alexandria confiscated for use as a burying ground an abandoned pasture from a family with Confederate sympathies. About 1,700 freed people, including infants and black Union soldiers, were interred here before the last recorded burial in January 1869. Most of the deceased had resided in what is known as Old Town and in nearby rurual settlements. Despite mid-twentieth-century construction projects, many burials remain undisturbed. A list of those interred here has also survived.

Friends of Freedmenís Cemetery
638 North Alfred Street
Alexandria, Virginia 22314

Freedmen's Cemetery Logo - This logo was designed by Alexandria Archaeology Assistant City Archaeologist, Dr. Steven Shephard, in 2006. The beautifully executed final drawing was made by Alexandria Archaeology volunteer, Mr. Andrew Flora, who made a few modifications. At the center of the logo is a headboard of the design seen in historic photographs of the Alexandria National Cemetery, established at the north end of Wilkes Street in 1862. These grave markers were supplied by the U.S. Army Quartermaster Department in Alexandria and records state that this department also supplied the headboards and coffins for Freedmens Cemetery. The pine boards were whitewashed and the plot number, and presumably, the name of the deceased, and possibly the date of death, were painted in black on the headboard. The number 1864 in the logo represents the year that the cemetery was established. The black silhouette of the African American woman in the center of the board is meant to represent the people, the Freedmen, who were buried at the cemetery. Civilian men, women and many children were buried here, along with African American soldiers of the United States Colored Troops. The rays radiating from the top of the headboard are meant to represent the light of freedom, as well as the souls of the Freedmen ascending into heaven and their final reward. The F and C are for Freedmen's Cemetery. The surrounding broken chain wreath symbolizes the severed bonds of slavery which resulted from the American Civil War which transformed Alexandria and the nation.

April 29th, 2007